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  1. 1. Manthan Topic: Stepping Stones Education Quality Improvement Team Details 1 A novel approach to increase the enrollment with emphasis on high quality primary education MARG (NIT, Kurukshetra) • We show u the way Bijender Yadav • Team Leader Raghav Sood • Researcher Mohit Jindal • Designer Anuj Yadav • Advertiser Umesh Garg • Advertiser
  2. 2. Hard Facts: 2 D. Less than 50% of the girls are enrolled in primary schools: • Reason : More than 42% schools have no girls toilet A. Less than 60% students score less than 60% in grade 4/5 • Reason: Average no of teachers per school is 4.5 with no emphasis on quality education B. Apparent survival rate is less than 78% from grade 5 to grade 1 • Reason: Lack of Motivation , Caste Discrimination & 30% have no Pucca buildings C. Less then 20% SC’s , 11% ST’s , 43 % ST’s & 13% muslims are enrolled in primary schools • Reason : Caste Discrimination & social Mentality that “we are not liked by them”
  3. 3. 2 Snapshot of solution proposed “Jab Hoga Bachho Ko Gyan Tab He Banega Bharat Mahan” Increasing Enrollment & Controlling Dropouts Enhancing Quality 1. Enhanced Learning Of Primary Education Through Technology ( ELPET ) 2. National Open Education Repository ( NOER Scheme) 3. Schools Information And Teachers Evaluation System ( SITES) 4. Special Schools Offers Scheme (SSOS) 5. District Science Maths Competition (DSMC ) 6. Building Moral Values : volunteers from Old age homes 7. Improving Vigilance : Retired Officers /professionals & executives 8. Inviting alumni especially women and Reserved category . 9. Inviting Students from top class institutes (IIT’s, NIT’s ,IIM’s etc.) 1. Jagrukh Pita certificate 2. Involving panchayts through birth records 3. Street Plays (Nukkad Nataks) 4. Vidya Devi School Scheme for girls enrollment(VDSS) 5. Bal Sabha :Make going to school fun 6. To motivate the kid: mahinee ka hoonhaar chaatra 7. To motivate the parent: Best bachee ke best mata-pita 8. Improving Drinking & Sanitation with emphasis on Girls Toilet 9. Improving infrastructure with emphasis on electricity & fan.
  4. 4. Implementation Model Phase 1 :Increasing Enrollment •Whenever a father gets his kid admitted to a school, he will get a certificate from the school authorities which says "I, Satyendra Dubey, am a jagruk pita who has enrolled his son Micro Dubey. I trust that the system will help my child to become a good citizen of India. Also I promise that I will do whatever possible to ensure that my child completes the primary education. ........ •This certificate does not cost our system even a penny but will act as a source of high motivation and will induce commitment in the parent.. •Birth of every kid is recorded at the time of his birth-certificate is being made. • We propose that the Births and Deaths record department of a district should browse through their records before each academic session and make a list of all those children who have attained the age of 5 this year. The list will contain his father's name and address. •These lists are then forwarded to the respective panchayats who are expected to announce this list in their meeting. •The panch, for his area of control, will ensure whether or not those kids listed in the list have been enrolled in some school or not. • Setting up of residential schools at primary level for girls, predominantly belonging to the SCs, STs, OBCs, and minorities •. A minimum of 75% of the enrollment in VDSS is reserved for girls from the target groups and the remaining 25% is open for girls belonging to the BPL category. The estimated allocation for the scheme is Rs 750 crore ( 300 schools ( 1 school per 2 district ) * 25 crore) 1.Jagruk Pitah certificate 2. Involving Panchayts 3. Vidya Devi School Scheme (VDSS)
  5. 5. 1 Implementation Model Phase 2 : Decreasing Dropouts Bal Sabha Honhaar chaatra Best mata- pita Sanitation & drinking Infra & electricity What Entertainment Titular head Title Drinking and toilet facility Availability of electricity ,fans and new schools How Get together Assessment by teacher & praising through columns of local newspapers like Bal Bhaskar (Dainik Bhaskar) Ward’s performance declaration in panchayts Through govt. funds Through govt. funds Impact Motivation Motivation Motivation Healthy and hygienic environment Comfortable and humane environment Cost Nil Nil Nil 420 cr. ( 42,000 schools * 1 lakh ) 12000+60= Rs. 12060 cr. 20 lakh Rs * 60000 govt. school =12000cr(infra.) 3.5room*62000schools *3000(elect. & fans cost )= Rs 60 cr.
  6. 6. Implementation Model Phase 3.1: Enhancing Quality ELPET NOER SSOS SITES What Enhanced learning through Technology Repository of Open Education Resources Like PPTs, Animated images , videos, articles Direct Entry for bright students to special schools viz. navodhay . Student Information and Teacher evaluation System How Use of recorded lecturers , documentaries displayed on tv through CD’s & PD’s and online Repository Online Portal to Share data , competition-winning entries- use in school nation wide Selecting Best through SITES s/w and DSMC Software – different weightage – parameters : student’s attendance through autonomous finger print system + teacher attendance + students marks + random students - viva by vigilance team + random vigilance for teachers evaluation + DSMC students , Consolidated report and grade on scale of 1 to 10 Impact Increase in desire & quality of study , decrease in absenteeism, Interactive Learning Through visualization thereby increasing desire & quality of study. Increasing competition –enhances quality , primary education becomes scalable , alignment with bright students Teacher + students Absenteeism reduces , easy to filter bright students , Cost 40 ,000 Schools * 20,000 Rs (LCD + CD recording + electricity) = Rs 80 Cr. Rs 10 Cr. ( site construction) Rs 3cr. (maintenance – annual) Rs 1 Cr. ( prize money – annually) Dependent on cost of SITES and DSMC Rs 50 Cr ( development of s/w. Rs 20 cr. (maintenance – annual) 3.5 classroom * 1 lakh schools * Rs 2,000 finger print = Rs 70 cr.
  7. 7. DSMC Old age volunteers Vigilance Alumni Top class students What Science maths based competition Volunteers campaign by old age people To check the records of schools acc. to rules & regulations To invite alumni of reserved categories and women to guide students or share their experiences classes on weekends or holidays by Students from top class institutions How Two bright students from each school compete with other students at district level Through village gathering or door to door Through Surprise raid monthly Biannually gathering or conferences at various places Visits by Students to various schools under guidance of college professor Impact Level recognition, increase in competitiveness Social mentality parents as well as of students will change Decrease in absenteeism, rules properly followed Increase in desire to study Increase in Level, improvement in way of thinking Cost Rs 10,000 * 700 ditricts = Rs 70 lakh To be discussed To be discussed TA & DA charges + some gifts charges To be discussed Implementation Model Phase 3.2: Enhancing Quality
  8. 8. Type Supervisior Number Motivation Cost Old age Homes Disrict Level officers 600 districts * 2 old age homes * 20 people = 24,000 Like Teaching Moral values ,Self- Satisfaction and also earn some money Rs 24,000 * Rs 5,000 Per month salary * 12 = Rs 144 crore Top Class Institutes Students College Professors 200 institutes * 150 students per year * 2 year * = 60 ,000 Benefit In govt. Jobs, Higher Education , earn Some Money, Pride and Honor 60,000 * 12,000 (salary per year) = Rs 7.2 Cr Non- participants in ratio 9:10 So after calc. Rs 1500 per year to be paid as fee in college. No cost to govt. Secondary Govt. School Students School teachers 1 lakh School * 0.3 ( above average factor) * 10 students = 3 lakh students Earn points in NSS, Pride & Honor in School, Relaxation in Fees, Parents Happy 3 lakh students * 2,000 Rs per annum (relaxation) = Rs 60 crore Volunteers as Vigilator Disrict & state Level officers 600 district * 12 vigilator per district = 7200 Self - Satisfaction TA & DA charges + some gifts charges Managing The Volunteers Drive
  9. 9. Summary of Cost Analysis Controlling Dropouts Primary Education Phase 2 (Rs 12480 Cr.) Enhancing Quality Increase Enrollment Phase 1 ( Rs 750 Cr.) Phase 3.1 (Rs 234 Cr.) Phase 3.2 (Rs 204 Cr. Rs 13668 Cr. + 20 % contingent expenses = Rs 16400 Cr.
  10. 10. Impact of Solution ScalabilityImpact SSOS, NOER, ELPET, VDSS Monitoring Criteria to Measure Teachers & students attendance, Health, marks, performance @ district Level “Brighter India” SITES, DSMC & Vigilators
  11. 11. Concept Risks • Government or corporates do not see the viability of funding this model • Regional and volunteer imbalances may occur • Volunteer enrollment minimal and key profession groups show no interest Implementation Challenges • Difficulty in integrating with government infrastructure and institutions • Open education repository may not attract • Changing the mindset of underprivileged people and girls. • Funding from other sources or self funded model via training fees. • Exploiting Local volunteers and NGO/SHG’s • Advertising/Awareness Campaign Mitigating Challenges • Tie-ups with other vendors for providing venues and interaction channels • Tie-ups with social networks like Facebook, LinkedIn • Tie-ups with NGO /SHG’s and performing Street Plays Risk – Challenges – Mitigation (RCM Analysis) Mitigating Risks
  12. 12. References 1. Eleventh Five Year Plan 2. Flash Statistics 2009-2010 developed by the National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), New Delhi. 3. The Hindu Newspaper – National 4. Teach for India. (2012). India’s Education Crisis. Retrieved from 5. ASER. (2012). Annual Status of Education Report, 2012. Retrieved from