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  1. 1. Manthan Topic: Solution to drinking water crisis and sanitation issues. A potential solution to one of the aggravating problems that is going to bite the society. Submitted by:-Team leher (Nit Rourkela)  RAJARANJAN SENAPATI  NISHIT NISHIKANT  SAMBEET SAMANTARAY  RASHMI RANJAN BEHERA  NIBEDIT NAHAK
  2. 2. This short slide depicts one of the potential solution to one of the most aggravating problems in larger mass of people in the greatest democratic. Percentage of population that gain access to drinking water in unimproved areas. An estimate from these statistics implies a much poorer rate in the upcoming decades approximately (1-2 %) . More than 3.4 million people die each year from water, sanitation, and hygiene-related causes. Nearly all deaths, 99 percent, occur in the developing world. Year Urban(%) Rural (%) National(%) 1990 11 33 28 2000 7 21 18 2010 3 9 7
  3. 3. Smart card:Through Direct distribution System Smart card will be connected to Aadhar Card for direct cash transfer of subsidies.That will be used at WDC for waiter withdrawal. Technician (Panchayat Level) Block Officer Block Level Chief Engineer (District Level) State Head Central Panel Survey –The panchayats along with govt. help will do a survey regarding the water problems and sanitation, and the working of desalination plants if it already exists. Awareness- People are made aware of the benefits of good drinking water, the family income ,and the diseases from filthy water. Maintainance-TheWDC are properly cleaned and maintained and technicians keep care of their customers. Implementation-The surveys are kept in mind implemented in an expedient manner with proper officials at ease. The water supply cycle
  4. 4. The whole concept revolves around the desalination plant. The desalination process involves reverse osmosis technology and is the purest technology till date. It desalinates the salty water and purifies the dirty water for 5 crore people approximately around 520 crore as per Munjur Desalination Plant statistics.  Water Distribution Centre:The purified water from the desalination plant is channelized through the block level using the WDC. EachWDC has a capacity of serving an approximately a population of 5000.  Block level Implementation is primarily carried out using technicians at WDC, surveys by panchayats and finally Implementations by government authority. Desalination plant WDC (Water Distribution Centre) Consumer
  5. 5. Water security Bill (a tentative budget) Tentativecostcalculations Water Desalination cost = ₹ 0.19/lt. For a family of an avg. 5 people , the cost per month = ₹ 82.50 Govt. will contribute ₹50 for each family. Just a rupee for a day for an average family. Smart card implementation-The govt. contribution will be directed to the smart cards which they can swipe and collect water.The technicians can refill the cards on monthly basis. It will cost around ₹ 272 crores to provide the cards to each family. Each technician will be in charge of fourWDC with vehicle allowance .The salary including the cost of managers would amount to ₹900 crore /annum.
  6. 6. Sanitation issues and solutions. ▪ Simplified sewers need some space .It needs either backyard or front yard so this system can be feasible in rural areas ▪ Condominium means the cost per household is 45$ and for conventional it is $120 ▪ MAINTAINANCE :- ▪ A grit and grease trap is provided which acts as a focus for sewage collection and also serves as a preventive maintenance device. ▪ Awareness among people not to discharge roof and yards to the sewage. ▪ For successful operation of a simplified sewerage scheme, there must be an effective partnership between the community served and the sewerage authority (seeWatson, 1995). In particular, it is important that both parties are clear about their duties and responsibilities .Vehicle-mounted water-jet units to clean the sewers. Compost Plant : This will decompose the wastes from garbage to composts & will be built by PPP(Public-Private Partnership).
  7. 7. Dustbin ▪ Installation of dustbin in markets & important area. ▪ Well managed collection of garbage from bins & composted. Biodegradable toilet ▪ Developed by DRDO. ▪ Specific type of bacteria converts wastes into composts. ▪ Proper collection of composts. Compost Stock ▪ The compost Generated by above waste will be stored & distributed properly. Village Cleaner (VC) ▪ It is a crew of four people.They will cover a population of 20000 .They will be having a garbage collection van for proper disposal of wastes to the compost plant.
  8. 8. Community meetings were organized by CAERN so that it could explain to the community how the system would work, and how responsibilities for operation and maintenance were to be allocated between the community and CAERN. AWARENESS:- Compost stock people dustbin Biodegradable Toilet Simplified Sewage Compost production plant Waste treatment plant
  9. 9. Organizational setup Sub divisional/Block level(person recruitment Depending upon no of blocks) Village caretaker 1 person State level Head District level 1 head in each district Country Level Committee Reagional(e.g. Eastern , South etc) Regional head Tentative Budget: • Salary & management cost : 1500 crores per annum. • Infrastructure cost (Compost Plant Vehicle , Sewage, Toilet & dustbin [Subsidized]): 10,000 crores per annum
  10. 10. REFERENCE:- UNICEF DATA:- https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&ved=0CDEQFjAB&url= http%3A%2F%2Fwww.unicef.org%2Fmedia%2Ffiles%2FJoint_Monitoring_Report_- _17_July_2008.pdf&ei=l9QoUuufBoWJrQfF0IGYCQ&usg=AFQjCNENAikK4tglK9n6vMAfDndNDbr9ew&sig 2=tisrz6m1nA1TrNFXyMzx3g&bvm=bv.51773540,d.bmk  WIKIPEDIA REPORT Mexico report:- https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&ved=0CDMQFjAB&url= http%3A%2F%2Fwww.state.gov%2Fr%2Fpa%2Fei%2Fbgn%2F35749.htm&ei=UtUoUqGsBovSrQfG9YGY BQ&usg=AFQjCNHvhxl_hoFbztMCri0ddnHdcye4Bw&sig2=Y9TXfjsT5ZCZV- lVyNeYLQ&bvm=bv.51773540,d.bmk