Manthan Topic: Brain Gain
Improper Utilization and Lack of development of human resources.
Solution : Introducing a revolutionary system which changes the present
scenario gradually, from grass root level.
Sriman Raja Kandula
India has 7.8 scientists per 1000 population compared to 180.66 in Canada, 139.16 in
Russian Federation, 53.13 in Korea & 21.15 in the US.
• Brain Drain
• Lack of Incentives & Recognition to
Innovators & Researchers at National Level.
• Exam oriented education system.
• No real time commercial application of
• Dependence on foreign resources.
• No effective collaboration between
government, industries, R&D, educational
institutions and consumers.
• Lack of strict laws of Intellectual Property
• Absence of Corporate funding for
India China US Japan Canada
% GDP spent % R&D expenditure from higher educational institutions
Position of India at Global level in R & D
Although India produces 400,000 Engineering Graduates & about
300,000 Computer science Graduates every year, just about
20,000 Master’s Degree holders & fewer than 1000 Ph.Ds. in
Engineering graduate each year.
Why is the research culture in India not so
well founded and established yet?
School Level Graduate Level
Management Bureau with Highly experienced Personalities.
Selected Volunteers to Reach the next level
NATIONAL BOARD FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
Space Defence Agriculture Software and
Media & Public
Implementation of Proposed Idea
Levels Field of Expertise Recruitment Process Criteria for selection Manpower
(can be altered as per the
Level 1 Ex-CEOs, retired Chief justice of
India, senior Scientists &
Researchers from organizations like
DRDO, ISRO and FAO etc.,
Recruited by the MHRD. Experience and success in
their field of interest.
Level 2 Ex-public service officials,
entrepreneurs, journalists, social
reformers and Professors from
Selected by the members
of management bureau.
People who have done
considerable work in their
respective fields which had a
great impact on the society.
Level 3 Scholars pursuing masters and
Ph.Ds. in diverse fields like medical,
law, engineering, commerce,
science. Also journalists and
students from renowned B-Schools.
Selected by officials at
Motivated people with
remarkable academics and
interested to bring about a
change in the society.
volunteers for every 5
institutions (Nearly 6
Level 4 Institute representatives from every
school and colleges in India.
Selected by officials at
level 3 by online tests.
Students having good
managerial, soft skills,
leadership qualities and
Approximately 2 per
institute (Nearly 30 lakh
Level 3 Level 2Level 4 Level 1
• To find the hurdles in
scope of innovation.
• To report to online
grievance redressal cell in
case of lack of facilities.
• Organizing seminars and
competitions to motivate
• Encourage students to
attend classes through
sports activities and after
• Feedback should be given
to the level 3 officials on a
• Implementation of
theoretical knowledge in
To publicize the
schemes and success
stories of researchers
To have tie-ups with
private and public
companies for real life
To regulate the flow of
funds to institutions by
To process the
complaints of online
grievance redressal cell.
To guide the students
pursuing masters and
through level 3.
development programs to
methodologies of teaching
and to motivate them.
To mentor and guide the
Visiting schools on a regular
basis to counsel students to
take research as a career.
To solve the problems at
level 4 by their initiative or
by seeking help from level
To identify research
oriented students and help
Report to their higher
authorities about the
working of the system.
o To bring about awareness
in the society through the
confidence of the people
o To organize an annual
meet of all the members
from each level and
devise an yearly program.
o To invite nobel laureates
from across the globe to
conduct high level
seminars for researchers.
o To communicate with
government to mobilize
o To recruit and mentor
level 2 officials.
o To monitor the overall
working of the board on a
Proper knowledge of research methods, short-term training to be
imparted to researchers prior to undertaking research activities.
Interaction program between the researchers and the business and
government institutions to highlight what issues need to be researched,
what data is required for conducting research, and how the study will be
Confidence-building measures should be adopted, which will convince
the business units that their data will be put to productive purposes,
and will not be misused in any manner by the researcher.
Implementation of certain code of conduct for the researchers so that
inter departmental and inter university rivalries can be mitigated.
inexpensive cost of publishing and implementing the researches. This
would encourage the students to take up research work.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
TEAM (Researchers, scientists):
RECRUITMENT TEAM (HRs,
MEDIA AND PUBLIC RELATIONS
TEAM (Journalists, Ex-Marketing
ADMINISTRATION TEAM (Ex-
Public Service Officers,
Management Officials in
TEAMS AT LEVEL 2 RESPONSIBILITIES OF EACH TEAM
If innovation is key to meeting sustainable development challenges,
then team playing is key to innovation.
• New indigenous
laptops, cars etc.
• Technology for
setting up new
• Reducing the
• This will in turn
with direct boost
IT & Software
• Promoting the
• Introducing an
for fast internet
• Eradicating call
centre culture by
core IT industry.
varieties of seeds,
for organic farming
4. Creating a model
to encash the latest
technologies and a
direct link between
the consumer and
• Make available
to the public,
• Installing new
• Increase of
2. Improving the
3. If our
have been ISRO’s
1. Design, develop
and lead to
for our Defence
solutions to the
to promote well-
being of the
Impact on various sectors of research
Impact and Reach of Our Model
Human Resource Network
• A few experienced Leaders from
diverse fields (Level 1).
• 1000 efficient & successful
people from ex-officio of Public
Servants, Professors, Journalists,
Entrepreneurs & Social
Reformers (Level 2).
• 6 lakh volunteers recruited from
various institutes (Level 3).
VolunteersIITs & NITs
6 lakh volunteers are being
given an opportunity to get
a real-life management
Around 11.4 crore primary
students are educated with
basic educational skills.
About 5.1 crore secondary
school students are
imparted with practical
Almost 1.86 crore Graduates
are exposed to creative &
Many Post Graduates &
Research Fellows are guided
towards right path of
Increase in Enrolment of
Students by introducing
after school programs.
Reducing number of Drop-
outs at each level by career
Teachers are empowered
with interesting &
Volunteers & Student
Representatives are being
Greater Collaboration could
be achieved between the
Industries and Research
Fellows through the support
of management at Level 2.
Evolving an Indian model of Education, with focus on
Innovation for inclusive growth
Shaping The Future : How Good The Education
System Can Become Great In the Decade Ahead?
Building Basic Skills.
A primary school child shares his experience after an improvement program
“I enjoy going to school because they teach what I want to learn”.
Motivating students for the future prospects in their fields of
“I am really being encouraged by the guidance of my seniors to achieve my
Developing Innovative Minds and Proper Career Counselling.
“I was very confused with diverse career options, but now I am crystal clear
about my future”, so says a student who had been counselled.
Encouraging Research Fellows to effectuate their research in real-
“I really feel that whatever I am working on is going to be fruitful for the
development of my country”, such is the feeling of a Research Student.
Desiderated effect : Bringing the desired change in the
way of perception by reforming the Education System.
Internet and computer
Approx. 10 crore
Salaries of major team
Stipend to volunteers
6 lakhx15,000 pa
100 crores initially, and
10 crores pa.
1 cr pa
931 cr pa
10 cr pa
11 cr pa
This project will be funded by government in collaboration with Industries, Philanthropists & Enthusiasts
Challenges & Risks
Enrolment of Volunteers at such a large scale.
Encouraging volunteers with a nominal stipend.
Managing the huge volunteer network.
Acceptance of this new system.
Sustainability of the Organization with remarkable
Funds required for implementation of the model.
Country wide awareness to reach each nook and
Motivating the volunteers through a Patriotic
Incentives and recognition across India for those
who have brought a remarkable change in their
locality. Certificates awarded will act as a merit for
their future career.
Grouping of 30 volunteers as a team and every 20
teams would be monitored by the officials at Level 2
through the help of Team Leaders.
Awareness of this programme through the eminent
personalities based on their accountability.
Assessment & Analysis of System Growth towards
achieving the Goals, at Annual Summits, by the
Management Bureau & Officials at Level 2.
Along with the funds from the government, we can
contact NGOs, philanthropist and the industries
which are in collaboration with research institutes.
Outreach programs which include rallies, street
plays, social networking websites, gram panchayats
and publicity by giving advertisement.
Our plan will provide prudent solutions to persistent problems at each level
Bold Structural Changes Needed in Indian Higher Education System during XII Plan--India
Boosting research in India--THE HINDU.
First set up the labs, then dream the Nobel--THE HINDU.
India accounts for just 3.5% of global research output--THE TIMES OF INDIA.
Indian economy has been redefined--Bright sparks by Sandeep manudhane.
Indian Education System: What needs to change? --By Ramanuj mukherjee (Lawyered)
Innovation: The New Mantra for Science and Technology Policies in India, Pakistan and China--
Institute for defence studies and analysis.
India's Rapidly Expanding Higher Education System Could Be Improved by Linking Education
Quality to Funding- -RAND Corporation.
Innovation and Education Reform in India-- Innovation and education reforms in India.
Strictest patent laws will foster genuine innovation--Business standard.
Total number of recognised institutions in India- Planning commission.
GDP set to grow 6.2% in 2013: Moody’s—Times Of India.