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  1. 1. Manthan Topic: Brain Gain Improper Utilization and Lack of development of human resources. Solution : Introducing a revolutionary system which changes the present scenario gradually, from grass root level. TEAM NAME-KRITI Muskan Tantia Prachi Agrawal Arushi Jain Sriman Raja Kandula Gowtham Lakkakula
  2. 2. India has 7.8 scientists per 1000 population compared to 180.66 in Canada, 139.16 in Russian Federation, 53.13 in Korea & 21.15 in the US. • Brain Drain • Lack of Incentives & Recognition to Innovators & Researchers at National Level. • Exam oriented education system. • No real time commercial application of researches. • Dependence on foreign resources. • No effective collaboration between government, industries, R&D, educational institutions and consumers. • Lack of strict laws of Intellectual Property Rights. • Absence of Corporate funding for institutional research. 0.9 1.44 2.7 3.4 1.8 4 10 17 14 35 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 India China US Japan Canada % GDP spent % R&D expenditure from higher educational institutions Position of India at Global level in R & D Although India produces 400,000 Engineering Graduates & about 300,000 Computer science Graduates every year, just about 20,000 Master’s Degree holders & fewer than 1000 Ph.Ds. in Engineering graduate each year. Why is the research culture in India not so well founded and established yet?
  3. 3. School Level Graduate Level Management Bureau with Highly experienced Personalities. Administrative Team Selected Volunteers to Reach the next level NATIONAL BOARD FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF RESEARCH AND INNOVATION Research Level Space Defence Agriculture Software and IT services Industry Medicine Science & Technology Team Media & Public Relations Team Recruitment Team Account management team LEVEL 2 LEVEL 1 LEVEL 3 Primary Higher secondary LEVEL 4
  4. 4. Implementation of Proposed Idea Levels Field of Expertise Recruitment Process Criteria for selection Manpower (can be altered as per the requirements) Level 1 Ex-CEOs, retired Chief justice of India, senior Scientists & Researchers from organizations like DRDO, ISRO and FAO etc., Recruited by the MHRD. Experience and success in their field of interest. Approximately 20 members. Level 2 Ex-public service officials, entrepreneurs, journalists, social reformers and Professors from renowned institutes. Selected by the members of management bureau. People who have done considerable work in their respective fields which had a great impact on the society. Approximately 1000 members. Level 3 Scholars pursuing masters and Ph.Ds. in diverse fields like medical, law, engineering, commerce, science. Also journalists and students from renowned B-Schools. Selected by officials at level 2. Motivated people with remarkable academics and interested to bring about a change in the society. Approximately 2 volunteers for every 5 institutions (Nearly 6 Lakh volunteers). Level 4 Institute representatives from every school and colleges in India. Selected by officials at level 3 by online tests. Students having good managerial, soft skills, leadership qualities and mentoring abilities. Approximately 2 per institute (Nearly 30 lakh Representatives).
  5. 5. WORKING PROCESS Level 3 Level 2Level 4 Level 1 • To find the hurdles in scope of innovation. • To report to online grievance redressal cell in case of lack of facilities. • Organizing seminars and competitions to motivate students towards creativity. • Encourage students to attend classes through sports activities and after school programs. • Feedback should be given to the level 3 officials on a regular basis. • Implementation of theoretical knowledge in practical life.  To publicize the competitions, various schemes and success stories of researchers through media.  To have tie-ups with private and public companies for real life implementation of research papers.  To regulate the flow of funds to institutions by accounts management.  To process the complaints of online grievance redressal cell.  To guide the students pursuing masters and research fellowship through level 3.  Organizing teacher development programs to introduce creative methodologies of teaching and to motivate them.  To mentor and guide the institute representatives.  Visiting schools on a regular basis to counsel students to take research as a career.  To solve the problems at level 4 by their initiative or by seeking help from level 2.  To identify research oriented students and help them financially.  Report to their higher authorities about the working of the system. o To bring about awareness in the society through the confidence of the people over them. o To organize an annual meet of all the members from each level and devise an yearly program. o To invite nobel laureates from across the globe to conduct high level seminars for researchers. o To communicate with government to mobilize funds required. o To recruit and mentor level 2 officials. o To monitor the overall working of the board on a regular basis.
  6. 6. Proper knowledge of research methods, short-term training to be imparted to researchers prior to undertaking research activities.  Interaction program between the researchers and the business and government institutions to highlight what issues need to be researched, what data is required for conducting research, and how the study will be useful.  Confidence-building measures should be adopted, which will convince the business units that their data will be put to productive purposes, and will not be misused in any manner by the researcher.  Implementation of certain code of conduct for the researchers so that inter departmental and inter university rivalries can be mitigated.  inexpensive cost of publishing and implementing the researches. This would encourage the students to take up research work.  SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TEAM (Researchers, scientists):  RECRUITMENT TEAM (HRs, entrepreneurs):  MEDIA AND PUBLIC RELATIONS TEAM (Journalists, Ex-Marketing Officials, ex-PROs):  ADMINISTRATION TEAM (Ex- Public Service Officers, Management Officials in Research Institutes):  ACCOUNTS MANAGEMENT TEAM (CAs): TEAMS AT LEVEL 2 RESPONSIBILITIES OF EACH TEAM If innovation is key to meeting sustainable development challenges, then team playing is key to innovation.
  7. 7. Industry • New indigenous technologies for durable goods like mobile, laptops, cars etc. • Technology for setting up new industries and machines for manufacturing. • Reducing the dependence on foreign goods and increasing exports. • This will in turn generate more employment with direct boost to indian economy. IT & Software services • Providing opportunities for better research reducing brain drain. • Promoting the development of open source software systems for collaborative innovation. • Introducing an indigenous model for fast internet and communication services. • Eradicating call centre culture by giving them employment in core IT industry. Agriculture 1. Generating indigenous varieties of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides etc. 2. Introducing technologies for agro-based machineries and equipment. 3. Developing cheap technologies for organic farming which would increase productivity. 4. Creating a model to encash the latest technologies and a direct link between the consumer and farmer. Medicine • Make available to the public, cheap medicines and drugs. • Developing machines and technology indigenously. • Installing new technologies for distance mentoring during complex operations in backward areas. • Increase of scope for biotechnology and biomedical graduates. Space 1. Developing better technology for satellites to improve communications . 2. Improving the research in missions to space. 3. If our technology was good enough Kalpana Chawala today would have been ISRO’s representative not NASA’s. Defence 1. Design, develop and lead to production state- of-the-art sensors, weapon systems, platforms and allied equipment for our Defence Services. 2. Provide technological solutions to the Defence Services to optimise combat effectiveness and to promote well- being of the troops. 3. Develop infrastructure and committed quality manpower and build strong technology base. Impact on various sectors of research
  8. 8. Impact and Reach of Our Model Human Resource Network • A few experienced Leaders from diverse fields (Level 1). • 1000 efficient & successful people from ex-officio of Public Servants, Professors, Journalists, Entrepreneurs & Social Reformers (Level 2). • 6 lakh volunteers recruited from various institutes (Level 3). VolunteersIITs & NITs Medical Colleges Research Institutes Management & B-Schools Commerce & Law Colleges Beneficiaries  6 lakh volunteers are being given an opportunity to get a real-life management experience.  Around 11.4 crore primary students are educated with basic educational skills.  About 5.1 crore secondary school students are imparted with practical knowledge.  Almost 1.86 crore Graduates are exposed to creative & real-time researches.  Many Post Graduates & Research Fellows are guided towards right path of Innovation. Additional Features  Increase in Enrolment of Students by introducing after school programs.  Reducing number of Drop- outs at each level by career counselling workshops.  Teachers are empowered with interesting & innovative methodologies of teaching.  Volunteers & Student Representatives are being Appreciated through Certificates.  Greater Collaboration could be achieved between the Industries and Research Fellows through the support of management at Level 2.
  9. 9. EducationSystem Primary Level Higher Secondary Level Graduate Level Research Level Evolving an Indian model of Education, with focus on Innovation for inclusive growth Shaping The Future : How Good The Education System Can Become Great In the Decade Ahead? Building Basic Skills. A primary school child shares his experience after an improvement program “I enjoy going to school because they teach what I want to learn”. Motivating students for the future prospects in their fields of Interest. “I am really being encouraged by the guidance of my seniors to achieve my goals”. Developing Innovative Minds and Proper Career Counselling. “I was very confused with diverse career options, but now I am crystal clear about my future”, so says a student who had been counselled. Encouraging Research Fellows to effectuate their research in real- time situations. “I really feel that whatever I am working on is going to be fruitful for the development of my country”, such is the feeling of a Research Student. Desiderated effect : Bringing the desired change in the way of perception by reforming the Education System.
  10. 10. T O T A L F U N D I N G S R E Q D. Organizational Cost Logistic Costs Technology costs Management bureau remuneration 20x5lakh pa Internet and computer facilities Approx. 10 crore Salaries of major team members 1000x3lakh pa Stipend to volunteers 6 lakhx15,000 pa Infrastructure Costs 100 crores initially, and 10 crores pa. Communication Costs 1 cr pa 931 cr pa 10 cr pa 11 cr pa This project will be funded by government in collaboration with Industries, Philanthropists & Enthusiasts FINANCIAL PLAN:
  11. 11. Challenges & Risks  Enrolment of Volunteers at such a large scale.  Encouraging volunteers with a nominal stipend.  Managing the huge volunteer network.  Acceptance of this new system.  Sustainability of the Organization with remarkable performance.  Funds required for implementation of the model.  Country wide awareness to reach each nook and corner. Mitigation Factors  Motivating the volunteers through a Patriotic theme.  Incentives and recognition across India for those who have brought a remarkable change in their locality. Certificates awarded will act as a merit for their future career.  Grouping of 30 volunteers as a team and every 20 teams would be monitored by the officials at Level 2 through the help of Team Leaders.  Awareness of this programme through the eminent personalities based on their accountability.  Assessment & Analysis of System Growth towards achieving the Goals, at Annual Summits, by the Management Bureau & Officials at Level 2.  Along with the funds from the government, we can contact NGOs, philanthropist and the industries which are in collaboration with research institutes.  Outreach programs which include rallies, street plays, social networking websites, gram panchayats and publicity by giving advertisement. Our plan will provide prudent solutions to persistent problems at each level
  12. 12. REFERENCES Census Bold Structural Changes Needed in Indian Higher Education System during XII Plan--India Education  Boosting research in India--THE HINDU.  First set up the labs, then dream the Nobel--THE HINDU. India accounts for just 3.5% of global research output--THE TIMES OF INDIA.  Indian economy has been redefined--Bright sparks by Sandeep manudhane.  Indian Education System: What needs to change? --By Ramanuj mukherjee (Lawyered)  Innovation: The New Mantra for Science and Technology Policies in India, Pakistan and China-- Institute for defence studies and analysis. India's Rapidly Expanding Higher Education System Could Be Improved by Linking Education Quality to Funding- -RAND Corporation. Innovation and Education Reform in India-- Innovation and education reforms in India. Strictest patent laws will foster genuine innovation--Business standard. Total number of recognised institutions in India- Planning commission. GDP set to grow 6.2% in 2013: Moody’s—Times Of India.