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  1. 1. FAIRNESS AT PLAY Introducing electoral reforms to reduce the influence of money and muscle power in politics PRESENTED BY:- ATUL VERMA ANKIT SINGH SHASHWAT PARIHAR VIVEK VIRAT SAGAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, GGV, BILASPUR (C.G)
  2. 2. PROBLEMS 162 MPs elected in 2009 have criminal cases against them; 26% increase from 2004. • How to prevent the candidates with criminal charges (convicted of crime or pending cases), from contesting the elections? 33% of candidates who declared assets more than INR 5 crore, won in 2009. • After being elected in the parliament, growth of asset of the MPs is exponential. How to monitor the asset change of the MPs? The source of 85% of donations is unavailable. • Sources of the income of political parties remain anonymous. How to increase transparency of the funding to the political parties? Media plays an important role in deciding the leader. • What could be the ways to stop the unfair use of paid news? How can one hold media accountable? About 30% of MP's in lok sabha have pending criminal cases against them. about 58% of MP's in Lok Sabha are Crorepati
  3. 3. Right to know (Declaration) Debate (Mass Appeal) Alternate Voting (Judgment Day) Lobbying (Transparency) Auditing (Regulation) Media (Check) PROPOSED SOLUTIONS Proposed solutions aim to provide a preliminary filtration process by introducing and increasing the transparency between candidate and electorate and then to provide regulation through checks. • RIGHT TO KNOW: Assuring the true declaration of the assets, antecedents criminal records. • DEBATE: Putting the candidate’s opinion, plans, schemes to public domain for an open discussion. • ALTERNATE VOTING: Allowing voter to list candidates in preferential order. An increase in voter turnout as voter is assured that his casted vote is counted and represented, though through preferences. • LOBBYING: Regulation; redefining the notion of ‘lobbying’ • AUDITING: Ensuring no ill-use of the political power in monetary form. • MEDIA: Curbing unwanted inclusion and ensuring effective and legitimate reach to the public domain.
  4. 4. RIGHT TO KNOW PROPOSALS •Use of single form instead of two separate forms (Amendment of Form 26). •More stringent actions. •Declarations of antecedents convictions and assets should be mandatory on all print advertisements by candidates. IMPLEMENTATON •Strict rejection of the form of the candidate if it is not filled completely. •Information containing convictions of the candidates of respective constituency should be put at display at: •DM office •All government offices •Village Panchayat Bhawan •This should happen at the expense of political parties. IMPACT •De-motivation and ‘first stage’ filtration of criminals. •Awareness to the electorate.
  5. 5. DEBATE PROPOSALS • Provision of public debate between the Prime Ministerial candidates of major political parties on national level. • Provision of public debate between all the candidates contesting in a constituency. IMPLEMENTATION • All the parties having 25 number of MPs should fall under the category of ‘Major Political Party ‘. • Free air time on all the national broadcast services should be used to reach for the mass. • Use of technology like 3D projectors for the debate in individual constituencies. IMPACT • ‘Second stage’ filtration process. • Judging the candidates based on their understanding of democracy, by the electorate. • Reduction in the election expenditures by the states as well as the political parties.
  6. 6. ALTERNATE VOTING PROPOSALS • Replacement of existing ‘First Past The Post’ system with ‘Alternative Voting’. • Carrying on with the use of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) without switching to ‘Ballot Papers’ in ‘AV’. IMPLEMENTATION • Introducing the concept of preferential order among electorate. • Restricting the number of preferences (max. 4 or 5) a voter may cast by introducing a separate unit for it. • Up gradation of ‘Control Unit’ of EVM on ‘trip- on-selection’ and ‘session expiry’ basis. IMPACT • ‘Third stage’ filtration process. • Reducing the probable chances of ‘Safe Seats’ thereby pushing the serious candidates. • Increasing the voter turnout by removing the concept of ‘Wasted Votes’.
  7. 7. LOBBYING PROCESS PROPOSALS • Myth: ‘Lobbying is illegitimate.’ Fact: It is the need. Its not only practiced by corporate but also by civil societies. • Legalizing the lobbying process. • Ensuring the maximum participation of civil societies and citizens. • Regulating the process of lobbying by bringing it in the purview of ‘RTI’. IMPLEMENTATION • Introducing a law on lobbying . • Educating the public about the basic definition and legitimate aspects of lobbying. • Adequate support and motivation to the ‘whistleblowers’. IMPACT • Lobbying is a peaceful way of expression.(Right To Express). • Curbing the ‘Corporate bribery’ which results in ‘black money. • Public awareness about political-corporate nexus. • Automatic control of assets of public representatives.
  8. 8. AUDITING PROPOSALS • Compulsory audit of the accounts of all political parties. • The audit must be done on yearly basis. • The audit results must be circulated in public domain. • In case of false report, stringent action should be taken by judiciary at high court level. • The anonymous funding to the political parties must be stopped. IMPLEMENTATION • Establishment and recognition of independent (external) audit agency. • Publication of the audit results in print media in the simplest form by:- • National newspapers for national parties. • Regional newspapers for regional parties. IMPACT • A check on the net funding of all the political parties • It strikes at the core of the illegitimate nexus. • It puts the political parties on the verge of accountability.
  9. 9. MEDIA PROPOSALS •‘Clear distinction between news and advertisement’. •Empowering Press Council of India(PCI) by bringing Electronic Media in its purview. •Mandatory disclosure of advertising revenue and regulation of Private Treaties. •A regulatory body should establish a whistleblowing hotline. •Implementing the recommendation of the wage board. IMPLIMENTATION •Decisions on complaints should be the ultimate responsibility of the PCI. •The power to direct the nature, extent and placement of apologies should lie with the PCI. •The disclosure statement by every news agency should be published in their respective mode of reach in the public domain. •No more than 50% representation of news editors in the PCI. IMPACT •It prevents the manipulation of the electorate through media, by preventing the influence of money. •Faster grievance redress. •Assuring transparency. •Though the Board would not have the power to prevent publication of any material but would be able to offer a service of advice to editors.
  10. 10. FUNDING Total Funding Required Approx. Rs. 80-85 crore Technology Cost Software Modification Cost Approx. Rs. 3-5 crore Hardware Addition Cost Approx. Rs. 60 crore Logistics Transportation And Inventory Approx. Rs. 10-12 crore Advertisement Cost Public Display Of Information Approx Rs. 5-6 crore
  11. 11. CHALLENGES AND RISKS • Requirement of amendments in ‘Representation of People Act 1951’. • Bringing on a change from adapted FPTP system to a new Alternate Voting. • The term “Lobbying” has been misunderstood by many in the country in a negative aspect. • Since the change requires Parliamentary approval, it posses a major challenge. • A lot of recommendation have been proposed in the past, their implementation have been negligible.
  12. 12. REFRENCES • • • • • datadelve/article4970323.ece • related-to-paid-news-2780/ • Elections and electoral Reforms in India by S.C. Kashyap • Our Constitution by S.C. Kashyap