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  1. 1. Enhancing The Productivity of Fodder & High Value Products (Horticulture &Animal Husbandry) 1 FARMING-SYSTEM-BOUNDED-CITIES Sowing Prosperity Boosting Agricultural Productivity Team Details : Kumari Pragya D Prakash Shubhi Patel Sneha Patil Prabha Kiran
  2. 2. 2 The demand for high value agriculture has increased significantly due to Rising per capita income ,Urbanization , demographic changes while production has not kept pace with the rising demand & led to demand- supply imbalance thereby high prices. The food inflation has been basically driven by high value agriculture. For e.g. During last 6 months inflation in fruits ,milk, egg /meat/fish is highest Growth in milk production at about 4% p.a. has been risk But future demand is expected to grow by at least 5% p.a. Product Inflation(in %) Rice 3.3 Wheat 3.1 Fruits 12.2 Milk 10.8 Eggs/Meat /Fish 12.8 Adequate availability of feed and fodder for livestock is vital for increasing milk production and sustaining the ongoing genetic improvement programme. Green fodder shortage in the country is estimated at about 34 per cent The Sector which employs nearly 70% of our population contributes only 13% of nation’s GDP. ANSWER is DISGUISED UNEMPLOYMENT
  3. 3. 3 The Solution Proposed by us is a inter- dependent quad-process architecture which is designed to improvise utilization of land into more innovative and efficient manner than the current system simply by parallelizing and using the waste of one as others raw. •Development & Leasing of periurban horticulture •R & D in High and short term Yielding plants Peri-urban Horticulture Farms • Development of better harvesting techniques •Generation of shed growing fodder belts around farms Fodder Boundaries & Farms •Promote Cattle- Farms and Pisciculture around peri-urban farm •Vocational training to villagers Peri-urban Animal Husbandry •Deploy biogas plants nearby husbandries •Imparting necessary technical training to villagers to manage as well as sell the biogas. Periurban Biogas Plants City Animal Husbandries and Pisciculture Horticulture Farms Biogas Plants Periurban horticulture, animal husbandry, fodder boundary & biogas plants is a coordinated &innovative way to boost up productivity :-
  4. 4. Horticulture - FARMS Fodder & Green Belt Animal Husbandry Biogas City 4 Production & Management of Products Salient features 1. Each Branch will function independently though utilizing the products provided by other and selling their other product in cities. 2. State management committee will have its own set of staff to decide price for inter-branch (Fodder- Dung- Manure) transactions. 3. A central Authority will govern all these branches. 4. More modularity enhances better output of one specific organization. 5. The involvement of SHGs empowers farmer who will develop better understanding for each-other creating better chances of future collaborations. Manure Biogas Fruits Green Fodder Dung Milk, Meat
  5. 5. 5 Comparison Most of present Indian cities are not planned & go on expanding thus eating scanty agricultural land. Green belts will force cities to grow vertically & increase forest cover of nation. Leasing will ensure efficient utilization & management of green belts along with revenue for govt.. It will mitigate Fruit, Milk, Gas, etc price hike by increasing productivity & employment. Currently the Dairy farms have to buy food for cattle at high rates & pay transportation cost to move it to the cattle-farm. Fodder crops around & in the green belt will fulfill the green fodder needs of the dairy-farms & generate additional income for lease holder. On the other hand it will reduce cost of Dairy products for the end-user! Dung produced from animal farms will be used by Biogas plants thus reducing pollution & will reduce our dependency on LPG up to certain extent. Advantages by Farming System Bounded Peri-urban Current Proposed
  6. 6. 6 Comparison Additionally being sustainable these cities can have cheaper fuel for a very long duration As an indirect advantage this will create more jobs and increase the rate of employment fighting Disguised unemployment. Further these farms will reduce the unawareness amongst farmers by direct or indirect interaction with the Krishak Mitras & Government! Increased GDP for the nation Improvised living status Bound Cities and a Greener India with higher forest cover … and the list goes on!Advantages by synchronised Horticulture, Cattle farms and Bio-gas plants Current Proposed
  7. 7. 7 Peri-Urban Development Authority : Tasks & Workflow • Peri-Urban Development Authority will be central management & regulatory authority for developing perennial Peri-urban horticultural plants, promote cattle-farms, biogas plants & leasing them. • Professionals will impart required technical training for maintaining farms & biogas plant along with this will supervise creation of horticultural belt as well as biogas plants. • Volunteers / Employees (krishak mitra) will acknowledge farmers about govt. policies and help them in forming SHGs. • Market survey & price regulatory committee will constantly vigil the market prices & regulate prices & quantity of fodder, dung & manure. • SHGs includes group of 10-12 farmers which will come up together &pool their resources to take the lease & fulfill basic requirement to set up business. • Gramin banks will pay loan equal to amount collected from SHGs at 5% interest for first 2 years & 8% for subsequent years. Periurban development authority Banks Professionals for developing biogas plants & horticultural farms Market survey & price fixing committee Volunteers for awareness camps SHGs
  8. 8. 8 Implementation : Organizational Structure of the Body • Central State Management State can be divided in nearly 20 Zones or more depending upon Size; Each Zone itself has,  Zonal management  Numbers in bracket represent the number of members in respective committee.  The above is a suggestion, actual implementation may vary. DIRECTOR (1) RECRUITEMENT COMMITTEE (5) (WILL RECRUITE PROFFESSIONALS &KRISHAK MITRA THROUGH EXAM) LEASING COMMITTEE (5) FINANCE TEAM (3) (MANAGE FUND) MARKET SURVEY &PRICE FIXING COMMITTEE (5) Zonal head (1) COORDINATION TEAM (2) (MAPPING OF TRAINEES &VOLUNTEERS) SHGs REGISTERING COMMITTEE (2) PROFESSIONALS (5) DEVELOP BIOGAS PLANTS &PERI URBAN HORTICULTURE) ENSURING COMMITTEE (2) (TO KEEP AN EYE ON FAIR IMPLEMENTATION OF WHOLE POLICY)
  9. 9. 9 The Financial Requirements Funding required Organizational cost Central management Director (1x8 lakhs p.a.) Central committee s (18x7 lakhs p.a. ) Zonal manag ement Head(1x6 lakhs p.a.) Zonal committees (11x5 lakhs p.a.) Krishak mitra (2ooox 1.2 lakh p.a.) Establishment cost Nearly 10 - 20 crore as per city size. • The cost of just the organizing body itself is thus calculated using realistic figures comes around 38 CR / Yr • This does not involves the cost of creation of plants & farms itself. • Involving Banks & Private investors and Sharing Profit is a very optimal solution for this structure to work with the lowest burden on the government. Plan will require nearly 38 Cr p.a. INR funding for Institutional Setup & 10 Cr. Per city initially to setup Periurban Belts. INR 1 crore 34 lakhs 61 lakhs x20 =INR 12crore 20 lakhs INR 24Crore
  10. 10. 10 EVEN IF A DOOR IS CLOSED, IT DOES NOT ALWAYS MEANS IT IS LOCKED. Challenges and Risks Concept Risks: 1.State and City Development Board may be or may not be interested in developing the Periurban Boundaries as initial funding is high. 2.Banks might not be sure of return 3.Off season productivity from horticulture will be zero, hence reducing offseason leasing and maintenance. Implementation Risks: 1.Intra and Inter SHGs Cooperation may not be smooth. 2.Farmers may not get enough technical help to carry out various proceedings. 3.Going to city for selling products is often costly. Mitigation: Concept risk mitigation 1. Initial cost is high for development hence public private venture may be called and land cost (or auction cost) may be shared with them. 2.Keep animal or their property as mortgage 3.Mixed variety of plants which flower and give fruits in different seasons should be established Implementation risk mitigation 1. The Krishak Mitras should ensure that farmers are fully acknowledged about benefits they can earn by cooperation. Moreover, strict fines will be imposed on person found guilty of betraying others. 2.Online portal based on MIS kind of system should be developed should be developed for registering and mitigating such complaints. 3.On-spot selling may be done. SHGs may also be promoted and given loan for buying transport media for better incomes from selling in cities.
  11. 11. 11 On Productivity AVAILABILITY: Increased productivity will increase the availability .  ACCESSIBILITY: Periurban establishments will make the products easy to reach .  AFFORDABILITY: On spot selling , reduces transportation & storage thereby mitigating price hike.  ACCEPTABILITY: Fresh ,naturally grown &ripened products will attract people. On Environment SOIL CONSERVATION: Use of manures from biogas plant will increase soil fertility. Plantation will decrease soil erosion.  ECO-FRIENDLY- The whole co-ordinated system will reduce pollution. On Man Power SHGs: It will increase their income hence standard of living . EMPLOYABILITY: The proposed solution will employ a number of peoples. HEALTH: Nutritious food will improve health conditions. LPG SUBSTITUTE: Biogas will reduce the reliability on LPG to some extent. Vision should be Farsighted Once the farmers understand the profits of collaboration, unity, team work and start trusting each other, they can expand their business to organic manure farming, collectivise their land for unified high-tech agriculture which would have better chances of success at that time
  12. 12. 12 The World Bank Article (India Issues & Priorities for Agriculture) Govt. of India article -2012  Agriculture & Food Management (chapter- 8) Economic Survey (2012-13) ii Gulati, A. & Jain, S. (2012, December 20). Credit inclusion, farm lease and forming clusters can help small farmers overcome poverty much faster. Accelerating agricultural development for inclusive growth by- Vijay Paul Sharma Fruits &vegetables for health report of a joint FAO- WHO workshop ,1-3 sept. 2004, Kobe ,Japan