Enhancing The Productivity of Fodder & High
Value Products (Horticulture &Animal Husbandry)
Boosting Agricultural Productivity
Team Details :
The demand for high value agriculture has
increased significantly due to
Rising per capita income ,Urbanization , demographic
changes while production has not kept pace with
the rising demand & led to demand- supply imbalance
thereby high prices.
The food inflation has been basically driven by high value agriculture.
During last 6 months inflation in fruits ,milk, egg /meat/fish is highest
Growth in milk production at about 4% p.a. has been risk
But future demand is expected to grow by at least 5% p.a.
Product Inflation(in %)
Adequate availability of feed and fodder for livestock is vital for increasing milk production and sustaining
the ongoing genetic improvement programme.
Green fodder shortage in the country is estimated at about 34 per cent
The Sector which employs nearly 70% of our population contributes only 13% of nation’s GDP.
ANSWER is DISGUISED UNEMPLOYMENT
The Solution Proposed
by us is a inter-
architecture which is
designed to improvise
utilization of land into
more innovative and
efficient manner than
the current system
simply by parallelizing
and using the waste of
one as others raw.
Leasing of periurban
•R & D in High and short
term Yielding plants
• Development of
•Generation of shed
growing fodder belts
& Farms •Promote Cattle- Farms
and Pisciculture around
•Vocational training to
•Deploy biogas plants
technical training to
villagers to manage as
well as sell the biogas.
Periurban horticulture, animal husbandry, fodder boundary & biogas plants is a
coordinated &innovative way to boost up productivity :-
Fodder & Green
1. Each Branch will function
independently though utilizing
the products provided by
other and selling their other
product in cities.
2. State management
committee will have its own
set of staff to decide price for
inter-branch (Fodder- Dung-
3. A central Authority will
govern all these branches.
4. More modularity enhances
better output of one specific
5. The involvement of SHGs
empowers farmer who will
develop better understanding
for each-other creating better
chances of future
Most of present Indian cities are not planned &
go on expanding thus eating scanty agricultural
land. Green belts will force cities to grow
vertically & increase forest cover of nation.
Leasing will ensure efficient utilization &
management of green belts along with revenue
It will mitigate Fruit, Milk, Gas, etc price hike by
increasing productivity & employment.
Currently the Dairy farms have to buy food for
cattle at high rates & pay transportation cost to
move it to the cattle-farm.
Fodder crops around & in the green belt will fulfill
the green fodder needs of the dairy-farms &
generate additional income for lease holder. On
the other hand it will reduce cost of Dairy
products for the end-user!
Dung produced from animal farms will be used by
Biogas plants thus reducing pollution & will
reduce our dependency on LPG up to certain
Advantages by Farming
System Bounded Peri-urban
Comparison Additionally being sustainable these cities can
have cheaper fuel for a very long duration
As an indirect advantage this will create more
jobs and increase the rate of employment
fighting Disguised unemployment.
Further these farms will reduce the
unawareness amongst farmers by direct or
indirect interaction with the Krishak Mitras &
Increased GDP for the nation
Improvised living status
Bound Cities and a Greener India with higher
… and the list goes on!Advantages by synchronised
Horticulture, Cattle farms
and Bio-gas plants
Peri-Urban Development Authority : Tasks & Workflow
• Peri-Urban Development Authority will be central
management & regulatory authority for
developing perennial Peri-urban horticultural
plants, promote cattle-farms, biogas plants &
• Professionals will impart required technical
training for maintaining farms & biogas plant
along with this will supervise creation of
horticultural belt as well as biogas plants.
• Volunteers / Employees (krishak mitra) will
acknowledge farmers about govt. policies and
help them in forming SHGs.
• Market survey & price regulatory committee will
constantly vigil the market prices & regulate
prices & quantity of fodder, dung & manure.
• SHGs includes group of 10-12 farmers which will
come up together &pool their resources to take
the lease & fulfill basic requirement to set up
• Gramin banks will pay loan equal to amount
collected from SHGs at 5% interest for first 2
years & 8% for subsequent years.
& price fixing
Implementation : Organizational Structure of the Body
• Central State Management
State can be divided in nearly 20 Zones or more depending upon Size; Each Zone itself has,
Numbers in bracket represent the number of members in respective committee.
The above is a suggestion, actual implementation may vary.
(WILL RECRUITE PROFFESSIONALS
&KRISHAK MITRA THROUGH EXAM)
(MAPPING OF TRAINEES
DEVELOP BIOGAS PLANTS
(TO KEEP AN EYE ON
OF WHOLE POLICY)
The Financial Requirements
lakhs p.a. )
Nearly 10 - 20
crore as per city
• The cost of just the
organizing body itself is
thus calculated using
realistic figures comes
around 38 CR / Yr
• This does not involves the
cost of creation of plants
& farms itself.
• Involving Banks & Private
investors and Sharing
Profit is a very optimal
solution for this structure
to work with the lowest
burden on the
Plan will require nearly 38 Cr p.a. INR funding for Institutional Setup
& 10 Cr. Per city initially to setup Periurban Belts.
61 lakhs x20
EVEN IF A DOOR IS CLOSED, IT DOES NOT ALWAYS MEANS IT IS LOCKED.
Challenges and Risks
1.State and City Development Board
may be or may not be interested in
developing the Periurban Boundaries
as initial funding is high.
2.Banks might not be sure of return
3.Off season productivity from
horticulture will be zero, hence
reducing offseason leasing and
1.Intra and Inter SHGs Cooperation
may not be smooth.
2.Farmers may not get enough
technical help to carry out various
3.Going to city for selling products is
Concept risk mitigation
1. Initial cost is high for development
hence public private venture may be
called and land cost (or auction cost)
may be shared with them.
2.Keep animal or their property as
3.Mixed variety of plants which flower
and give fruits in different seasons
should be established
Implementation risk mitigation
1. The Krishak Mitras should ensure that
farmers are fully acknowledged about
benefits they can earn by cooperation.
Moreover, strict fines will be imposed
on person found guilty of betraying
2.Online portal based on MIS kind of
system should be developed should be
developed for registering and
mitigating such complaints.
3.On-spot selling may be done. SHGs may
also be promoted and given loan for
buying transport media for better
incomes from selling in cities.
AVAILABILITY: Increased productivity will increase
the availability .
ACCESSIBILITY: Periurban establishments will
make the products easy to reach .
AFFORDABILITY: On spot selling , reduces
transportation & storage thereby mitigating price
ACCEPTABILITY: Fresh ,naturally grown &ripened
products will attract people.
Use of manures from biogas plant will increase soil
Plantation will decrease soil erosion.
The whole co-ordinated system will reduce pollution.
On Man Power
SHGs: It will increase their income hence standard of
EMPLOYABILITY: The proposed solution will employ a
number of peoples.
HEALTH: Nutritious food will improve health conditions.
LPG SUBSTITUTE: Biogas will reduce the reliability on
LPG to some extent.
Vision should be Farsighted
Once the farmers understand the profits of collaboration, unity, team work and start trusting
each other, they can expand their business to organic manure farming, collectivise their land for
unified high-tech agriculture which would have better chances of success at that time
The World Bank Article
(India Issues & Priorities for Agriculture)
Govt. of India article -2012
Agriculture & Food Management
(chapter- 8) Economic Survey
ii Gulati, A. & Jain, S. (2012, December 20). Credit
inclusion, farm lease and forming clusters can help small
farmers overcome poverty much faster.
Accelerating agricultural development for inclusive
growth by- Vijay Paul Sharma
Fruits &vegetables for health report of a joint FAO-
WHO workshop ,1-3 sept. 2004, Kobe ,Japan