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  1. 1. PLUGGING THE LEAKS Improving reach and efficiency of the Public Distribution System Implementing ICT and biometric data from AADHAR to validate beneficiaries
  3. 3. OVERVIEW ● Public Distribution System (PDS) in India is a food security system established by the Government of india under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution and is managed jointly with state governments in India. ● It distributes subsidized food and non-food items to India’s poor.
  4. 4. ● Major commodities distributed include staple food grains, such as wheat, rice, sugar, and kerosene, through a network of Public distribution shops, also known as Ration shops established in several states across the country. ● Food Corporation of India,a Government-owned corporation, procures and maintains the Public Distribution System.
  5. 5. A 2012 Asian Development Bank study observed that ● Deserving poor receive only 10% of the intended benefits ● 19% of the subsidy goes to the non- poor. ● Illegal diversion & administrative expenses consume 43% and 28% of the same respectively ● We believe that corruption and illegal diversions into the black market are major factors hindering the efficient implementation of the PDS. ● So we propose a solution to eliminate diversions through use of Information and communication technologies. The PDS Corruption estimate is around Rs. 20,747 Crores
  6. 6. ● With the rollout of the “Aadhar card” we have a very useful system to validate beneficiaries. ● The BIOMETRIC DATA collected during aadhar card distribution can be used as a means of verifying a person’s identity when he/she comes to a ration shop to buy grains. THE SOLUTION..
  7. 7. How it works ● When a beneficiary goes to a ration shop to buy food grains his/her biometric data are verified. ● The beneficiary has to give his fingerprint or retina scan all of which were taken during allocation of AADHAR cards.. ● The data is matched with the UIDAI database. ● The foodgrains are handed over to the beneficiary.
  8. 8. ● The total number of AADHAARs issued as of 17-August- 2013 is over 40 crore (403 million). This is more than 33.34% of the population of India. One in every three residents of India have an Aadhaar now. ● The UIDAI aims to enroll 60 crore people by 2014. That would cover almost half the population. ● With a database of people already present, the only cost incurred by the government will be that of installation of equipment for scanning fingerprints and/or retina scanning which will be a one-time investment. Merits &Feasibility
  9. 9. ● This can be a very effective way to eliminate fake claims by bogus ration cards as a person has to physically be present to get his biometrics verified or else grains won’t be released. ● Bogus claims and fake ration cards can caught red handed and blacklisted. ● Ultimately, the grains will reach the deserving beneficiaries and corruption can be curbed to a great extent.
  10. 10. References 1. For the introduction “http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Public_Distribution_System”. 2. Bhalla, Surjit S. (2012, Jan 7). Enhancing Corruption the NAC Way. Oxus Investments. Retrieved from “http://www.oxusinvestments. com/files/pdf/169enhancingcorruptiontheNACway.pdf” 3. Statistics” distribution-system.pdf ”