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invaders

  1. 1.  PDS means distribution of essential commodities to a large no of people through a network of FPS (fair price shop) on a recurring basis.  The commodities are as follows:-  1. Wheat  2. Rice  3 . Sugar  4. Kerosene
  2. 2.  Public Distribution System (PDS) is a poverty alleviation programme and contributes towards the social welfare of the people. Essential commodities like rice, wheat, sugar, kerosene and the like are supplied to the people under the PDS at reasonable prices. PDS is a boon to the people living below the poverty line. PDS is the primary social welfare and antipoverty programme of the Government of India.  It is not possible to neglect the PDS in India, because majority of the Indian population are living in rural areas and their standard of living is also poor and they cannot afford to pay the prevailing market prices for the essential commodities.  Started in 1960s. It was for everyone till 1992 when it was tried for tribal blocks of far and difficult areas to improve the reach and in 1997 it was made targeted to poor people.  State Government responsibility is to identify the poor and ensure that they get benefited.  When started its aimed for 60 millions (6 crore) people with 72 lakhs of grains.
  3. 3.  PDS is operated under the joint responsibility of the central and State Goverments.  The Central Government responsibility for procurement, storage, transportation and bulk allocation of food grains.  The State Government responsibility - For distributing the same to the consumers through the network of Fair price Shops (FPSs) - The operational responsibilities including allocation within the state, identification of families below poverty lines (BPLs), issue of ration cards, supervision & monitoring.
  4. 4. ANTYODAY ANNA YOJANA (AAY)  AAY is a step in the direcition of making TDPS aim at reducing hunger among the poorest segmennt of the BPL population.  In order to make TPDS more focused nd targeted towards this category of population, the ‘Antyodaa Anna Yojana’ (AAY) waslaunched in December, 2000 for one crore poorest of the families.  providing them food grains at a highly subsidized rate of RS 2 per kg. for wheat and Rs. 3 per kg for Rice.
  5. 5. Role of PDS in Fortification  Common goal to reach poor and hard to reach people at an affordable cost.  System in place and we need to piggy back.  Supply fortified atta in place grains is all that we need to do.  Wheat fortification most practical fortified with iron, folic acid, vitamin A, in that priority.  Rice fortification and sugar fortification are also promising.
  6. 6. Challenges of Fortification in PDSs  PDS for really poor people?  Fight corruption and ensure that the real targeted population gets it.  Ensure that it is not Re-circulated in the open market.  Who would bear the cost?  How shall the quality will be maintained?  Technology transfer to Appropriate authority  Accountability between Civil supply, Health, Social Welfare, whose jurisdiction?  should it be mandetory?
  7. 7. Challenges of Fortification Technical Aspects * What food to fortify? * What nutrient to use for fortification? * Most of the wheat atta are not produced centrally and so small chakkis will have to be involved extensively. • How much amount of nutrient element: depends upon the available dietary source that is so variable in indian population.
  8. 8. Problems in PDS:- As per the survey conducted by ORG-MARG commissioned by CAG for assessing the perception of beneficiaries about the PDS, generallythere was dissatisfaction among the cardholders.  They reported problems of inability to obtain ration cards, charging of higher price, infrequentopening of the FPS, frequent stock-out situations, under-weighing by the FPS owners, inferior quality of food grains supplied through the PDS, nonawareness of their entitlement, and non-existence of grievance-redress channel, etc.  This study also found that the cardholders were facing the problems like (1) leakage, (2) under- weighment, (3) poorquality, (4) non-availability of controlled (5) non-controlled articles.
  9. 9.  Problems in PDS:- Sales 13% Leakage 16% Poor qulity & weightment 23% Non availablity of goods 27% non-availablity of non-controlled goods 21% non- availablity of ration cards
  10. 10. Opinion to make PDS more effective:- • Increase the margin to society and salary to salesmen • Reduce the number of cards per FPSs • Notice Boards in all FPSs • Vigilance committees
  11. 11. THANK YOU

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