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  1. 1. Manthan Topic: Fairness at Play Vote From Wherever You Are “Innovating Democracy” Rishi Bhutada (Team Co-ordinator) Kunal Patil Suraj Jachak Pankaj Jadhav Kunal Kashelani
  2. 2. Voting Statistics in India of last 8 Lok Sabha Elections You can clearly see that the voting percentage is just only HALF of the population is towards the success of democracy.
  3. 3. Reasons for less voting percentage in India 1. Students going their home constituency for studies and jobs.(The Youth of India who have miss this procedure) 2. Temporary Migration of working people from time to time. 3. Some people don’t go to vote as they feel searching their respective centers and standing in the queue tedious and lazy. 4. Some people move permanently from their respective constituency to new constituency but don’t get registration of new constituency in time.(Ex. Married women, some working people)
  4. 4. Our Model For Electoral Reforms  Proposed System  On the day of elections, any person at any city, town or village will go to the nearest and convenient polling booth to cast his/her vote.  The person can show his/her Aadhar Card with any other identity proof.  From his/her UID system will recognize person’s constituency and with respect to that he will be provided with the candidates contesting election from that respective constituency.  On the basis of these options he/she will cast his vote and this vote of his/her will be stored automatically to that respective constituency's database.  Also there will be a website continuously showing brief details of candidate contesting elections at all constituency.
  5. 5. Protection of the votes: -Protection of partial results -Integrity of the ballot box -Fully auditable results -Universal verifiability Protection against internal attacks (End-to-end security from the voter to the Electoral Board) Electoral Board Voter at any polling booth Digital ballot box End-to-end security System Administrator State of the art E-Voting security: -Cast as Intended -Recorded as Cast -Counted as Cast -Voter self verification -Voter privacy -Zero trust Client Our Model For Electoral Reforms
  6. 6. Technical view of our model  Network encryption:  Voting options are only encrypted while transmitted over the network but processed in clear at the voting server: they are vulnerable to attackers that have access to the server.  High Risk: Voter privacy compromise, vote tampering, intermediate results and voter coercion  Application level encryption:  Voting options are encrypted at the voting terminal and remain encrypted until the electoral board decrypts them: they are not vulnerable to server attacks.  Low Risk: Voter privacy compromise, vote tampering, intermediate results and voter coercion
  7. 7. Economies of scale: Avoiding elevated storage and maintenance costs Allowing to reuse existing infrastructure Eliminating printing, postage & mailing costs The use of remote electronic voting technologies is the ultimate answer to voter enfranchisement, allowing overseas and remotely located voters to exercise their right to vote. Cost-effective Speed Enfranchisement Speed-up the counting process by electronically receiving the results from all the polling places, automatically consolidate them and assign the corresponding mandates. Impact of this Model
  8. 8. Benefits 1. Straightforward increase in percentage on voting. 2. Help to save time and money of individuals. 3. Lead towards fair competition between contestants of election. 4. Very easy to get brief and every minute statistics of the election very easily. 5. Police department will be very relived as it will be a very easy to give security as there will be only one database which will save all the votes, police department will have a less tedious job than what it is today. 6. No one can misuse the voting process by offering a computer (voting point) to derive profit from it. 7. Improves the dissemination of information to the public . 8. Increases transparency and public outreach.
  9. 9. Advanced tamper-proof security measures using ground-breaking and highly advanced cryptography to prevent attacks from anyone, including hackers or system administrators with privileged access. Can be audited by independent experts before, during and after the election day. Voters are provided with a voting receipt that allows them to check that their vote has been counted. Votes are encrypted in the voters' voting device before they are cast. Only the Electoral Board can decrypt the votes. The decryption of the votes is carried out by breaking the correlation between the voters' identity and their vote. Integrity Auditability Privacy Benefits
  10. 10. Challenges and Risks 1. To provide Aadhar cards to all valid voters of India. 2. To provide uninterrupted internet facility in all rural and remote areas. 3. Spread awareness and knowledge regarding new systems among all the voters specially to illiterate and poor people. 4. To train all the Election Commission officials regarding the new system. 5. To prevent database and networks from hackers and other anti social elements. 6. To maintain the integrity of the database where casted votes are stored.
  11. 11. References • Report of the national election watch and association for democratic reforms: ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL AND FINANCIAL DETAILS MPs OF 15th LOK SABHA(2009). Websites: • (IDEA-Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance) • Wikipedia-