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  1. 1. SUSTAINING INFORMALS Providing Social welfare to Informal sector workers A presentation by INKHORNS
  2. 2. INFORMAL WORKERS • The persons engaged in very small-scale or causal self-employment activities • Own-account workers working in their own informal enterprise • Unregistered or undeclared workers for formal or informal firms • Worker producing goods exclusively for own final use by their household  Persons employed in private households
  3. 3. _430 million of unorganized workers _Generates 62 per cent of the GDP _40 percent of national exports _Over 94% of the total workforce _64% of informal workers are in agriculture sector
  4. 4. SOME CHALLENGES _To provide a unique identity to all informal workers _Designing of efficient delivery mechanisms _The finance to secure various programmes _Emphasis on cost-effective and targeted interventions _Improve working conditions – health and safety _Designing of new and more effective social safety measures _ Improving socio-economic conditions including illiteracy and level of awareness in critical areas
  5. 5. ROLE OF WOMEN Despite the fact that women are active agents shaping the prospects for development of countries in global ‘South’, consideration of their productive role in the informal economy is still lacking from development discourse , policy and practice. Women in India are participating in informal market under precarious terms, irrespective of their rights as citizens and workers.
  6. 6. INITIATIVES AND MODELS _Centrally funded social assistance programmes _Food Security Initiatives _Social assistance through welfare funds _Social Insurance and Pension Measures _Public initiatives _Legislative Interventions and Initiatives on Social Security
  7. 7. • Mid Day Meals Scheme (MDMS), 1995 • Community Grain Bank Scheme, 1996 • Annapurna Scheme, 2000 • Antyodaya Anna Scheme, 2000 • Janshree Bima Yojana, 2000 • Krishi Samajik Suraksha Yojana, 2001 • Varishta Pension Bima, 2003 • Unorganised Sector Workers Social Security Scheme, 2004 • Universal Health Insurance Scheme, 2004 FOOD SECURITY AND SOCIAL INSURANCE
  8. 8. Initiatives on Social Security • National Rural Employment Guarantee (NREG) Act, 2005 • The Right to Information (RTI)Act, 2005 • NCEUS Report on Social Security, 2006  NCEUS: Collection of Premium and Delivery of Benefits • Second National Commission on Labour, 1999-2002
  9. 9. THE NEXT STEPS _Engaged special study group on social security _Provided outline for an umbrella legislation _Unemployment insurance scheme and national scheme for unemployment relief _Expansion of coverage of welfare funds _National widow pension scheme _Comprehensive plan for social protection of disabled
  10. 10. CONCLUSION On the whole, there is an increased recognition of social security concerns of informal sector labour in India, which is evident from: _Designing and implementation of right-based social security systems _Introduction of enabling governance structures _Involvement of other stakeholders and social partners, including the beneficiaries
  11. 11. REFERENCES  Bhalla Sheila (2007), “Policy Paper On Definitional and Statistical Issues Relating to Unorganised and Workers in Informal Employment”, NCEUS  Bhalla, S. (2003). The Restructuring of the Unorganized Sector in India  Government of India (2002) Report of the National Commission on Labour, New Delhi.  Goswami, Paromita. (2009). A Critique of the Unorganized Workers’ Social security Act  Kundu, A. and Sharma, A.N. (eds) (2001), “Informal Sector in India: Perspectives and Policies”, Institute of Human Development, Delhi.