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  1. 1. Ensuring world class civic amenities in Urban India INDIA ON THE MOVE. FUTURE LIVES HERE. SMART CITIES -Bhavya, Divya Ankita, Karthik Suresh Team details College: KMIT Team coordinator: Bhavya Members: Divya, Ankita, Karthik, Suresh
  2. 2. 590 Million people will live in cities, nearly twice the population of United States today 91million urban households will be middleclass, up from 22 million today 70Percent of net new employment will be generated in cities 270million people net increase in working age population Urbanisation in India 700-900 million square meters of commercial and residential space needs to be built or a new Chicago every year 2.5billion square meters of roads will have to be paved, 20 times the capacity added in past decade 7,400kilometers of metros and subways will need to be constructed
  3. 3. • Mayor not being the stickler of rules. • Disparities between political parties(PP’S), policy makers(PM’s), stake holders(SH’s). • Lack of sufficient technical experts for the municipalities to make their own set of urban policies • Administration being self- seeking and citizen unfriendly FACTORS
  4. 4. GOVERNMENT & NGO’S PRIVATE SECTOR ACAMEDIA The Government, Private sector and Academia work together for a better India  Government  Private sector  Academia  Central Command Committee at the central level  National Urban Institutes  Easier and convenient to introduce privatization in new areas where the private companies will have a free hand to take up the task of planning, designing, execution, operation and maintenance, billing and collection.  Professionals, graduates, students, home makers, retired citizens PROPOSED PLAN
  5. 5. Operating model Governance Sector Policies Planning Shape Funding Decision-making involves three separate groups or forces: A. The Governance (legal (CCC) and social requirements (NUI). B. The Market (Stakeholders & Private sector) C. Civil Society (individuals and grassroots groups)-Academia Central Command committee Ministry of Urban Affairs Mayor State divisions ( Transport, Water supply etc) Special Officer Local NGO’SAcademia AT THE CENTRAL LEVEL Central command committee head at the central level for refurbishing civic amenities STATE CENTRAL LEVEL Separate heads for transport, water supply Devil in detail: Weekly/ monthly reports from various sectors regarding various reforms are proceeded to regional officer.
  6. 6. Regional planning Public Health Mayor Economic development Transport Housing Environment Metropolitan Commissioner EducationHealth careSolid-waste management Water supply and sewage Municipal Commissioner Board General Manager Agency Mayor in council Mayor elected by counicillors for five year period Executive responsibiliity with Mayor Mixed model of Governance at Metropolitan and Municipal level Municipal level M commissioner directly elected in medium term Central command committee
  7. 7. JNNURM included Decentralized planning, where local units are allowed to ideate, plan and implement measures optimal for that level. Major schemes involving a larger population are handled by higher authorities. Note: Lack of technical support hinders operations in local bodies. National Urban Institutes Web Service  Manageable team backed by technological (experts from NUI’s).  Integrate and interconnect information such as progress , comparisons between the development of different cities.  Enabling physical, managerial and financial incentives for cities across the country.  Providing reservoir of technical and reform experts.  Experts design frameworks and policies that state and local government body can use as guidelines.  Expert assistance to municipalities considering local conditions.  Cross checking the incentives of CCC  Scalable, low cost , and easy to deploy issue management.  With a mission of providing the municipalities with a well designed, dynamic, highly organised web service accessible to its citizens.  Providing better services to people: immediate response, progress being up to date. Sector Policies Planning Shape
  8. 8. When Issue Management becomes an issue:  Educate, inform, or interact with your residents  Solution for the management of municipal issues by providing the citizens to report their issues  Components for accurate recording and tracking of issues  Municipal Reporter provides complete record of issue information for analysis and decision making.  A standard listing of generic urban amenity issues be suggested, which could be ranked by individual communities. Updating the citizens online regarding campaigns, Surveys, awareness programs. Front end engineers Back end engineers  Community surveys and feedback to be collected and used for Quality Management.  NGOs play a key role in the above process.  Graduates/ professionals volunteer to assist in local management of urban amenity. Municipal reporter THE TEAM
  9. 9. Implementation  Central command committee head at the central level for refurbishing civic amenities.  A set of subjects is selected by the Commission for study.  National Institutions are requested to carry out studies of the subject and help the Commission set an agenda and thus helping the municipalities to make policies considering  The Commission carries out Public Hearings via the web service.  The Commission carries out deliberations with all stakeholders by contacting the stakeholders committee and necessary changes are made if required.  Detailed consultations with the local bodies and the State Government.  The Commission carries out field visits in order to assess the ground realities.  In the current scenario supply is unable to meet demand. Thus, the policies made should be flexible and extendable depending on the demand. Central command committee National Urban Institutes Municipality Web service Funding: Formula based funding from the governments for NUI’S and logistics involved Web service can be handled by private partnerships
  10. 10. Merits over current alternatives  Approach where cities of all sizes can thrive using a clearly defined long term strategic approach.  Shift from ad hoc and sporadic to a planned and facilitated planning  Change from todays piece-meal approach to a set of systematic policies for all the key urban sectors involved.  Effective Management by having local owners, more closely accountable to residents, rather than being run top-down by the state as a whole.  Reducing intra-city disparities by ensuring access to basic physical and social infrastructure services to all. Challenges  Building modified Mayor- Commissioner system in various municipalities of the country.  Distributing funds appropriately between municipalities and metro authorities .  Inability to make their own policies  Lack of public awareness and vigilance.  Political consequences and accountability. Mitigation: Devolution of power at metropolitan and municipal level National Urban Institutes providing a reservoir of knowledge Web Service more accountable to citizens Campaigns, satisfactory surveys
  11. 11. Appendix References and citations • Urban India 2011: Evidence Report, Indian Institute of human settlements. • Funding the Infrastructure Investment Gap, Deloitte. • Groundwater Replenishment Trial Project, Water Corporation. • India’s Urban Awakening, Mckinsey Global Institute. • Intelligent Transportation System, Synthesis Report on ITS, IIT Madras. • Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission • Rajiv Awas Yojna