MANTHAN TOPIC: PROVIDING SOCIAL WELFARE TO INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS
Indian Welfare Systems: State & Corporate
(Women in Informal Employment)
The economic reforms began at 1990s made
India as Emerging Giant but in BRIC it lags
we come up with a solution “Develop and
expand basic welfare provision with respect to
India’s provision of welfare
Total labor in INDIA
• Life Expectancy
• Adult Literacy
Formal Sector Workers
(Public and Private sector
Informal Sector Workers
Suggested model for
informal sector workers
Free treatment in hospitals. Free
drugs or reimbursement for drugs
Treatment in public hospitals.
Free supply of drugs to a
limited extent through Primary
Reimbursement for drugs and
treatment in Government and
Medical leave on full pay for public
sector workers. Sickness leave under
the Employee State Insurance (ESI)
Act for private sector workers
Life Insurance has to be
provided . Volunteer service to be
brought into awareness in such
Maternity leave on full pay for public
sector workers. Maternity benefits
under ESI Act or under Maternity
Minimal maternity benefits
under social assistance scheme
under National Social
Assistance Program(NSAP) and
only in certain states
Reimbursement of maternity
bills and assurance by
Government for the entire
education & hygiene
development of child.
Benefits under EST Act,
Payment of Gratuity Act and
Workmen’s Compensation Act.
Social assistance from welfare
funds for those engaged in
hazardous occupations, only in
Complete responsibility towards
their family till they get source to
Benefits under EST Act,
Payment of Gratuity Act and
Workmen’s Compensation Act.
Pensions for physically
handicapped, but only in
Pensions should be implemented
in all states and schemes should
be developed in order to build
self confidence in them.
Pension and gratuity under
Employees’ Provident Fund &
Miscellaneous Provisions Act (EPF
& MPAct) and Payment of Gratuity
Old-age pensions provided for
NSAP, only for the destitute
Pension rate should be increased
to sustain their life and volunteer
service towards them should be
defined as the building, funding, running , and /or adopting of schools
and/or learning centers from nursery through higher education.
defined as the building, funding, running, and/or adopting of hospitals
and/or health centers.
Vocational Training Links:
define as the running and/or funding of vocational training schools
and/or work experience programs in the same industry as the
defined as the running and/or funding of campaigns and/or education
programs in the areas of HIV/AIDS, mother and child nutrition, polio,
malaria, leprosy, cancer, and/or tuberculosis.
defined as the donation of school materials, such as books, notebooks,
writing utensils, school uniforms, computers, and technology
supported education curriculums. In addition it encompasses the
provision of teacher training, career guidance, and student
defined as the running and/or funding of medical camps, mobile
health units, telemedicine, and/or ambulances. In addition, it
encompasses to the training of health personnel and provision of
vaccinations, medications, and/or treatment for: polio, malaria,
leprosy, cancer, HIV/AIDS and/or tuberculosis.
These categories were selected because they represent social investments for the future and are required for sustained
‘Education’ and ‘Health’ received the most search hits when individually combined with the search terms of ‘corporate
social responsibility’ and ‘India’.
The terms ‘running, funding, and/or adopting’ were employed because this is the language used by the selected
corporations in discussing their corporate social education and/or health initiatives.
Corporations utilized the term ‘adopting’ in relation to adopting a government run school or health facility; however,
they did not specify if ‘adopting’ meant funding and/or running specifically.
Worldwide, millions of workers have never had or are losing access to their rights to social
benefits through work – retirement funds, maternity benefits and reproductive health
services, compensation for work-related accidents and diseases.
Employers and owners of capital are offloading responsibility for social coverage onto workers, conditions of
work are hazardous and precarious, with little regulation of the working environment, and very little social
protection, poor conditions of work are associated with poor health and lowered incomes
Further, systemic country-level or global risks – such as the global financial crisis/economic recession – have
specific, often severe, impacts on those engaged in informal work.
We sees the lack of access to social protection as a long term structural problem that will have especially harsh
consequences for the working poor, especially women, in the informal economy.
?????WHAT IS NEEDED?????
A system-wide approach to social protection that is designed to handle a wide range of contingencies or shocks
for all strata of the population and workforce, through a range of financing mechanisms.
The approach should be based on the fact that the informal workforce contributes to the overall economy, that
social protection for the informal workforce is an investment, not just a cost, and that the risks of the informal
workforce cannot be addressed solely through short-term safety nets or targeted social assistance.
Policymakers should recognize that, as one important plank of formalization, the informal workforce needs to be
integrated into social insurance, in addition to social assistance, schemes.
GOALS AND OBJECTIVE
Investigate and highlight the risks faced by the working poor in the informal
economy, and particularly the risks faced by women workers.
By investigating how common contingencies affect informal workers in
particular, how systemic shocks affect informal workers in particular, and how the
nature of informal work creates shocks and risks specific to informal workers.
Short and Medium Term Long Term
It aims to identify, document, and promote
innovative approaches to providing social
protection to informal workers, extending the
coverage of existing schemes or developing
It seeks to promote a new approach to social
protection that provides protection for
systemic shocks and common contingencies
for both formal and informal workers, and
that integrates informal workers into social
insurance schemes as well as social
Network of programme implementation
Act as a bridge between, on the one hand, organizations of informal workers and their allies, and on the other, those in government and in
the private sector who influence economic and social policies that impact on the working conditions of informal workers
Help improve national statistics on the social protection coverage of all workers, formal and informal
Undertake analyses of economic and social policies that include informal workers and identify the features that make for successful
inclusion of informal workers
Promote social protection programmes that can go to scale, are sustainable, and include informal workers themselves in the design and
implementation of the programme
Influence a change in orthodox thinking about the informal economy, and about social protection, so that there is greater recognition that
most of the working poor are engaged in the informal economy; that one reason they remain poor is that they do not have access to
affordable social insurance or adequate social assistance; that economic growth and social protection are indivisible; and that much more
can be done to integrate informal workers into mainstream social protection schemes
Projects can be assigned in the scheme
Health and Safety
The places of work of the majority of the world’s workers are not covered by the discipline and practice .
We can embarked on a research and advocacy programme which seeks to answer the question: what
would a new, more inclusive to look like that is inclusive and protective of informal workers, and
especially poorer women amongst them? The programme is working in Brazil, Ghana, Peru and
Tanzania. We use a variety of research methods, including participatory research, institutional mapping,
and policy dialogues, and will be exploring ways of influencing training, and improved modules in
labour force surveys.
In this advantage of the new space for broader social policy that opened prior to, and was
reinforced by, the global financial crisis. It investigates the links between economic and social
policies, looking at labour as a produced factor of production, and will spell out implications of
this for social policy, using a gender lens and informal worker lens. Involve significant
stakeholders, and that identify the potential role and responsibilities of owners of capital.
Voice of Informal
Workers in Social
It seeks to build enduring forums where informal workers can participate in policy
development and negotiation, where in they can raise their voice for justice.
The Social Protection Programme participates in networks, alliances and campaigns as a way
of influencing policy
Challenges and Risks
Government or corporate do
not see the viability of funding
Volunteer enrollment minimal
Need more professional
groups to analyze the scheme
Difficulty in integrating with
government infrastructure and
Process with no corruption.
Association of people who
legitimately deserves the
segment of survival activities
Alliances and campaigns as a way of
Building up centers for Social Protection
Volunteer network and integration with center
Advertising/ Awareness Campaign
Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Secondary and Higher Education
(2005-06), ‘Annual Report 2005-06’, (NOIDA: Educational Consultants India Limited
National Commission for Enterprises in Unorganized Sector (2006), Social Security for Unorganized Workers
Report. Accessed on March 14, 2009,
The Two Indian Welfare Systems: State & Corporate Responses, Jameela Pedicini