Presentation done by:
GITAM UNIVERSITY VIZAG
DECLINE OF AGRICULTURE’S SHARE IN INDIA’S GDP
Recently in 2007-08, NABARD has started a new direct lending facility
under 'Umbrella Programme for Natural Resource Management'
(UPNRM). Under this facility financial support for natural resource
management activities can be provided as a loan at reasonable rate of
interest. Already 35 projects have been sanctioned involving loan
amount of about Rs 1000 crore.
The sanctioned projects include honey
collection by tribes in Maharashtra, tussar
value chain by a women producer
company ('MASUTA'), eco-tourism in
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
•The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was
established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products
Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985.
• The Act (2 of 1986) came into effect from 13th February, 1986 by a notification issued in the
Gazette of India: Extraordinary: Part-II [Sec. 3(ii): 13.2.1986). The Authority replaced the
Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC).
•Development of industries relating to the scheduled products for export by way of providing
financial assistance or otherwise for undertaking surveys and feasibility studies, participation in
enquiry capital through joint ventures and other reliefs and subsidy schemes;
•Fixing of standards and specifications for the scheduled products for the purpose of exports;
•Carrying out inspection of meat and meat products in slaughter houses, processing plants,
storage premises, conveyances or other places where such products are kept or handled for the
purpose of ensuring the quality of such products;
•Improving of packaging of the Scheduled products;
PROBLEMS FACED BY INDIAN
1. Poor productivity
2. Falling water levels.
3. Expensive credit.
4. A distorted market.
5. Many intermediaries who increase cost but do not add
6. Laws that stifle private investment.
7. Controlled prices.
8. Poor infrastructure.
9. Produce that does not meet international standards.
10. Inappropriate research.
11. Tax evasion by unorganised sector leading to the lack of a
level playing field.
New schemes in India for farmers
Giving loans to farmers with low interest and long time period.
Providing Government shops where the grains and fertilizers
are given in less prices.
By using HYV seeds and proper fertilizers we can boost
By strip cropping and various another methods of farming we
can maintain the Richness of soil.
Government has launched help centres and online website
24X7 service for Farmers help.
IMPROVEMENT OF AGRICULTURE CAN BE
DONE BY IMPLEMENTING MODERN
Modern ways of agriculture
Improving the distribution of agricultural products:
Distribution systems are extremely unequal in most tropical countries, and
often unreliable. Access to food and other agricultural goods must be
increased in terms both of availability (delivery) and affordability.
Reduction of the environmental impacts of new technologies:
To diminish environmental impacts, agricultural management systems must
be devised which are suitable for specific areas and crops. This would allow
reduction in artificial inputs, so that fertilizer and pesticide use could be
Development of agro-forestry projects:
Cash crops might be raised in small-scale agro-forestry plots. Such crops as
avocados, papayas, peppers, palm fruits, mangos
Papaya tree Avocado tree
1) Give States an incentive to amend the APMC act and
abolish mandi taxes. This would allow competitive markets to
develop; farmers and processors will both gain.
2) Support the organised private sector in increasing its spending
on extension and technology transfer. This would give farmers
the knowledge of what to grow, and how to grow so that
stringent quality norms are met.
3) Implement the Unified Food Law, and back it up with lowering
the total tax burden on processed foods so that the sector picks
up, and consequently demand for farm produce rises.
4) Target foreign buyers of high-value ethnic Indian foods, as
opposed to commodity exports-starting with the large NRI
population of 20 million, which can be a huge market.
5) Create a viable model of public-private partnership that allows
private investors to invest in agriculture infrastructure in
partnership with banks and financial institutions.
WHAT TO DO
Private sector participation
Give the price of his produce to the farmers
There should be increased participation by
the Private sector, which will increase in
investments, from the 5year plan there is
allotment of 6 lakh crores which means per
year around 1.2 lakh crore is alloted but then
government was able to raise only 79,000
crore so there is shortage and this 79,000
crores is divided into two like 22,000 crores has
come from Public sector and the remaining
from Private sector. so there is need of even
more private sector participation in this regard,
if that happens then one can make sure that
Agriculture is on the right path in the country.
If that happens every farmer will be
benifited and there will be no suicides.besides
he shows more interest in agriculture instead
of going to other sectors.
Due to lack of transparency farmers are not
aware of the agricultural system.this results in
rising up of the word CORRUPTION.so if
farmers are aware this can be avoided a lot.
It has to be understood that the life of a farmer goes beyond tilling
and yielding crops. Their standard of living has to be uplifted by small
scale industries set up which will increase their income. Other facilities
like shelter, drainage system, education and alternative employment will
secure their future. The change is accepted well by farmers as India still
believes in the phrase, “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”.