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  1. 1. Realizing the growth potential of North-East. Team details : Manoj Sharma GLAITM, Mathura Madhur Gautam GLAITM, Mathura Shubham Mishra GLAITM, Mathura Tushar Jain FETRBS,Agra Achintya Sharma AKGEC, Ghaziabad Team name: the inconceivable
  2. 2. “Though North-East is naturally very valuable, yet it is India’s lost paradise.” Problems faced by North East a) Insurgency • About 120 insurgent groups are active Northeast. Groups like the ULFA, NSCN-IM aim at establishing independent states. • Between 1992 and 2010 the northeastern states of India recorded at least 19,379 fatalities. b) Threat of war • South Tibet, governed by Arunachal Pradesh, is claimed by China. • Sino-Indian relations degraded during the Sino-Indian War of 1962. The cause of the escalation into war is still disputed by both Chinese and Indian sources
  3. 3. c) Geographical problems •The inaccessible terrain has made rapid industrialization difficult in the region. • region's high rainfall averaging around 10000 mm and above creates problems of eco system, high seismic activity and floods. d) Collapsing economy • literacy rate is about 68.5% but there is huge unemployment. • interrupted power supply and expose wires. • rock-strewn and dug-up roads and lack of infrastructure. e) Identity crisis • geographical-cultural condition of "in-betweenness" is an important factor in the area’s crisis of identity.
  4. 4. Snapshots of solution proposed Solution to above mentioned problems must be divided into two parts:- • Immediate measures. These measures must be taken immediately by the Indian government • long term measures. These must be taken hand in hand with the immediate measures so as to achieve long term goals. • Immediate measures • Long term measures Measures taken together Goal achieved
  5. 5. Immediate measures 1) Improve law and order 2) Invest in infrastructure 3) Improve interaction There are three immediate measures that the Indian government needs to take :- Note – In 1947 Indian independence and partition made North-East a landlocked region, exacerbating the isolation that is being recognized lately, but not studied yet. So this must also studied.
  6. 6.  Improve law and order India has to clamp down on extortion and make it clear that the collection of takes and exertion of force is a prerogative of government. As Max Weber had reminded us, the state must have a “monopoly of violence” – meaning, if anybody has the right to use force, it is the state.  Invest in infrastructure Roads, railways, financial services and electricity provision all need more money and all lag behind other points of India. Tourism and other important points e.g. local markets, medicines, petroleum, etc. must be taken into consideration while planning for infrastructure.  improve interaction If the region remains cut off from the rest of India, there is every possibility that it will erupt into internecine warfare of a kind not seen in India before. And that will be extremely unfortunate for a region that has so much potential. Through interaction only the insurgencies could be checked properly.
  7. 7. Growth potential of North-East • With 98 percent of its borders with China, Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal, Northeast India has better scope for development in the era of globalization. • Plans should be made so as to increase trade between the linked countries that could be in the terms of international fares. Increase in trade with border countries Development of ayurvedic research centers • The region is rich in medicinal plants and many other rare taxa. • Out of the nine important vegetation types of India, six are found in the North Eastern region. • As this region is rich in flora and other medicinal plants it could be projected as a centre for ayurvedic research by opening up training & research centers . setting up markets for local products to generate employment. • The region has over 160 Scheduled Tribes and over 400 other sub-tribal communities and groups. • The vast human potential of this region risks being wasted. • Local products by these groups must be given national and international platform through PPP model so that the pit of slow industrialization could be filled and employment could be generated easily.
  8. 8. Long term measures There is an urgent need to overhaul and redesign the whole system of planning and executing the economic packages for each state of the region. • Enabling processes that build trust, cooperation and associationalism.  This can be understood at four different levels :- The first being at the level of emotional and psychological connectivity with the rest of India. Second, at the level of inter- state ties within the region. Fourth, at the level of integrative behavior that would motivate people to come forward for greater common good. Third, at the level of value consensus that defines, shapes and regulates inter-group ties.
  9. 9.  The centre should work out future policies by involving the civil society groups to the maximum.  The civil society, already active in Nagaland, is crucial in creating a democratic space in Naga society which has been seeing protracted conflict for decades now.  The civil society will prove to be instrumental in facilitating the current political dialogue between the state and the rebel groups.  More than 90 per cent of the two million Naga population are Christian. The church is the point of convergence for almost all the tribal and non-tribal identities in Nagaland.  Therefore, it can encourage collective action for reconciliation in the state in the same manner as it did in July 1997 at the Atlanta Peace meeting, where the NSCN leadership accepted initiatives to start an “unconditional dialogue process.” • Encourage maximum Involvement of civil society groups .  Take an example of Nagaland.
  10. 10. The Government of India now needs to take “conclusive political measures” in the regional security perspective. Temporary compromises such as periodic extension of ceasefire are always susceptible to breakdown. At this juncture, the role of Naga civil society and local community groups is extremely important who by building pressure groups can push the government and various insurgents factions to end the stalemate.  Benefits of involvement of civil society groups. • Setting up IT sector instead of core sectors to generate employment and tackle identity crisis: • The inaccessible terrain has made rapid industrialization difficult in the region. • so instead of core sectors, IT sector could be an alternative solution. • IT sector requires small area as it can be implemented by few multistory buildings. • IT sector could be helpful in solving the identity crisis and it can bring N-E on the IT map. • Through this huge employment could be generated.
  11. 11. These measures will be able to impact 38 million people every year through a network of small local groups as volunteers The region has over 160 Scheduled Tribes and over 400 other sub-tribal communities and groups, and through this their life can change and peace can be established across the region. Employment rate can be increased by the above mentioned methods and problems of insurgency can be checked. And the problem of negligence could also be rectified. • Jhum cultivation must be stopped. Jhum cultivation, a traditional system of agriculture is often cited as a reason for loss of forest cover of the region. This type of methods must be stopped in slower steps by educating people through programs and other way. Impact
  12. 12. Appendix References • PROBLEM IN NORTHEAST INDIA: A CASE STUDY OF NAGALAND. By SIDRA TARIQ • Wikipedia- • Wikipedia- Insurgency in Northeast India • BBC news – India’s troubled Northeast by Kaushik Basu