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  1. 1. MANTHAN TOPIC: BRAIN GAIN “Science is more essential for our prosperity, our security, our health, our environment, and our quality of life than it has ever been before.” - President Barack Obama, April 27, 2009 Promotion of Research and Innovation in India Team Details: Mritunjay Prasad, Khitish Kumar Sahu, Dinesh Sain, Pankaj Goyal, Prahlad Das
  2. 2. DISTURBING TREND OF R&D IN INDIA Trend Of IIT Bombay students in jobs: R&D vs. Others Total publications country wise for the year 2011 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 % students placed % R&D % non-R&D 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 Number of research papers published USA China Italy Japan UK India
  3. 3. DIMINISHING ORIENTATION TOWARDS RESEARCH IN SCIENCE & ENGINEERING STUDENTS Challenges For Government Research Companies  Challenges faced while accepting government R&D internships / jobs  Higher Salary: Prime factor in setting up the mind of young and innovative students  Security of On-Campus placements: Students get only one chance to sit in placements in their campus, which they will surely not risk waiting for PSUs  Brainwashing using Glamour and Money: Jobs with not so brain stimulating and challenging work is made exciting by glamorizing lifestyles  Sparse Knowledge of High Quality Research Being Carried out in the Country  Cash Crunch / Idle Money Challenges For Private Research Companies  Result – Fund Cycle Companies: First result then funds, University: First fund then results,  Lack of mindset to carry out R&D; insufficient resource base,  Lack of IPR protection, lack of incentives to carry out R&D,  No enabling environment to foster collaboration with academia
  4. 4. 3-PRONGED APPROACH TO PROMOTE RESEARCH & INNOVATION  Prong 1: Increasing Government presence in universities • Providing internships • Modifying job hiring pattern • Increasing awareness of high end projects being undertaken in the country by PSUs  Prong 2: Significant increase in funding supported majorly by the government  Prong 3: Generating and winning the support of private sector
  5. 5. IMPLEMENTATION: PRONG 1 (INTERNSHIPS)  We propose the following pattern to provide internships which will expose the students to brain stimulating work being carried out. Area of Interest + Number of Students Internship Cell at each PSU (HRs and Directors) Internship Cell of each College (consists of Professors and Student Bodies) Students Scientists Decision
  6. 6. IMPLEMENTATION: PRONG 1 (INTERNSHIPS)  Funds required for the implementation of the Internship scheme: Pilot target PSUs (strategic areas), with internship duration of 2 months in summer: Total Money: INR 1.12 crores (for 2 months), excluding money paid to internship cells of PSUs. PSU No. of Labs No. of Students (6 each) Money (10,000 p.m.) DRDO 50 300 30,00,000 ISRO 19 114 11,40,000 NAL 16 96 9,60,000 HAL 9 54 5,40,000
  7. 7. IMPLEMENTATION: PRONG 1 (JOBS) To remove the risk of job insecurity among students sitting in their campus placements, the following steps are necessary:  A directive should be sent by GoI to all universities to match their Academic Calendar  Recently, Supreme Court of India banned on-campus placements. To overcome this, a nation wide examination for entry in PSUs should be scheduled such that its result announcements matches with placement time in universities Increasing work efficiency in PSUs: o Bonuses should be distributed in the following way: Tier I: International Publications, Patents Tier II: National Publications Tier III: Number of successful internships offered o Promotions not based on experience but on performance, which in turn will be measured by publications and outstanding work done by the employees
  8. 8. IMPLEMENTATION: PRONG 2 Allotment of more percentage of GDP to research and innovation to be used for following purposes:  Demonstration projects  Develop pipeline and coordination of demonstration projects available with central and state research institutions e.g. DST  Supporting global demonstration programmes e.g. large scale interdisciplinary programmes like Smart Grid, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Concentrated Solar Plants (CSP)  Laboratory to market movement  Commercialization of research  Facilitate the removal of barriers in basic and applied joint research between India and other countries  Support the launch of products from joint research in the Indian market  Support the incubation of joint research spinoffs in the Indian market
  9. 9. IMPLEMENTATION: PRONG 2  Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)  IPR helpdesk: activities include information services, IP filing facilitation centre in India, IP services, and technology commercialization  Coordinating with industry bodies for providing strategic inputs related to IP laws  Research reports related to IP in coordination with EU partners  Joint workshops on IPR with Indian partners
  10. 10. IMPLEMENTATION: PRONG 3  Prove Reliability of universities:  Building an yearly exhaustive university database, specifying field wise publications, research funds and products delivered to ensure credibility.  To catalyze private investments, pilot projects involving the government and university professors should be launched.  On the lines of US Department of Defense’s DARPA, GoI should launch its own agency and spearhead the research and innovation in India by making the universities compete with each other at a massive scale.
  11. 11. IMPACT  Prong 1:  Internships: 500+ students will benefit from this program, which will instill them with confidence and enthusiasm to work in core areas.  Jobs: Students from elite universities will join these PSUs, enabling a competitive work environment and increasing their output efficiency. o Prong 2:  Currently, Indian GDP is 1.2 Trillion Dollars. Increasing from current allotment of 2.9% to a reasonable 7%, the cash available for research will increase to $ 84 billion o Prong 3:  Will increase participation from private sector in R&D to new heights.
  12. 12. REFERENCES  p_Report_2012-13.pdf  011-12.pdf  010-11.pdf 