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  1. 1. THEME Sunrise states: Realizing the growth potential of north-east TEAM IIITAB2K12 • Pratyush Vashishat • Sagar Sahni • Shubham Sharma • Pankaj Wadhwani • Agam Gupta SAVE NORTH EAST: THEY ARE ALSO INDIANS
  2. 2. The North East India comprises of eight contiguous states of highly undulating hilly terrains, covering 263,179 sq km which is about 8% of the total geographical area of the country. The region is one of the landlocked regions of South Asia. About 4500 km i.e. 98% of its border is with five different countries of South Asia–Nepal, Bhutan, China, Myanmar and Bangladesh. No other region of the Indian union share common border with so many different countries connecting with the heartland through the tenuous 22 km Siliguri corridor. Most of the North Eastern states have more than 60% of their area under forest cover, a minimum suggested coverage for the hill states in the country. The region is richly endowed with bio-diversity, hydro-potential, minerals like oil and natural gas, coal, limestone, dolomite, graphite, quartzite, sillimonite etc. and forest wealth. Over 10 per cent of forest products requirement in the country are met from this region only. The economy of the region primarily depends on agriculture sector contributing over 40 per cent of the income and employ about 70 per cent of the total working population. North East India is a part of Indo-Burma 'hotspot'. The hotspot is the world's second largest, next only to the Mediterranean basin with an area 2,20,60,000 km2 among the 25 identified. The region is the home of extraordinarily diverse mosaic of ethnic groups having distinctive social, cultural and economic identity, more akin to their South Asia neighbors than main land India. The total population of the region is about 38 million, 3.8 per cent of the ou try s total population, of which Assam contributes 68 per cent of the total population. Assam recorded the highest density of population with 340 per sq. km., which is also higher than the national average of 313 per sq. km., followed by Tripura with 305 per sq. km. Otherwise, the region is sparsely populated with an overall density of population of 149 per sq. km.
  3. 3. The goals of human development, however can be achieved only through inclusive development and bridging the various divides that afflict our country. However, the ou try s orth east has ee experiencing a comparatively slower pace of industrialization and socio- economic growth. Though the region is blessed with abundant natural resources for industrial development and social development, they have not been utilized to their full potential. The region is cited as a conflict-stricken remote corner of India, witnessing a series of insurgencies and illustrating the alienation of the locals from the mainstream. Although the causes of insurgency in the region have been primarily political, the ambiguity related to the economic potential has added fuel to the turmoil.
  4. 4. The Naga insurgence, which started in the 1950s, known as the mother of the Northeast insurgencies, is one of the oldest unresolved armed conflicts in the world. In total, Manipur, Assam, Nagaland and Tripura have witnessed scales of conflict that could, at least between 1990 and 2000, be characterized as low intensity conflicts. Bundles of Problems The various problems and conflict constellations in the Northeast represent durable challenges to the integrative and accommodative capacity of I dia de o ra y . : Clemens Spiess Bundles of Causes The data and information on the region is not sufficiently analyzed and communicated between the region and the Centre, contributing to further misinformation, mismanagement and alienation.
  5. 5. The Reasons to Blame
  6. 6. Efforts by the Govt. Computerization of the Public Distribution System Operation of Food & Civil supplies & Consumer affairs Environment related Schemes under 12th Plan of NEC. Sixth North East Business Summit. Non Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR) Scheme. North East Climate Change Adaptation Program (NECCAP).
  7. 7. Unknown Assets The region has a very high potential to generate hydropower i.e. about 80 per cent of the total hydropower potential in the country. Arunachal Pradesh alone is expected to generate 2,67,474 MW i.e. 30 per cent of the total available in the country. Inland water transport can be a viable, cost-effective alternative in the plain areas of NER given the high cost of expanding other mode of transportation. It will also create employment opportunities, promote tourism and open up inter-country routes for trade and commerce. However, the following needs to be done: -There is a need to improve facilities for night navigation and mechanical handling. -Cargo vessels and terminals should be increased to meet the rising demands. -Emphasis should be on PPPs for the development of fairways and infrastructure in IWT. Since it adjoins with Bay of Bengal and shares boundary with China and other small South East Asian countries .It has major scope of trading with all the eastern countries and hence contributing To the major trading share of India and thereby helping in stabilizing The economic growth of country as well as of seven sisters.
  8. 8. TEAM VIEWS In North-east, one of the critical problems is that of governance. Basic needs are not met, basic services are not delivered, so naturally people get alienated. Now the political problems are not necessarily related to the problems of governance but the problems of governance accentuate the problems of political alienation and conflict. To sum up the large document in a few words is difficult, but I think the final document was a bit too ambitious as it said that North-east needs to grow at 8-12% over the next few years to at h up to the rest of I dia. I do t thi k that s goi g to happe e ause it s just ot possi le i a state, i regio s that are threate ed y a ds e ery fe days a d y pro le s of la k of delivery. So we have to essentially raise the bar high for performance of local governance and that is riti al. There is o poi t la i g Delhi for hat s ro g. Go er a e i this ou try is a state issue a d states eed to deli er. They ha e the fu ds yet they are ot deli eri g a d there is t any excuse for that. But this is not going to happen immediately. Innovation, Initiative, Ideas, and Implementation - the four I s also eed to go together i the North-east if things have to change. You can make a big picture, you can try and do big things ut i the fi al a alysis, it s hat you do at the lo al le el a d ho ell you do it, that s goi g to make a difference.
  9. 9. References    indias-north-east#.UijtLdK1GuI  north_east_intiative.htm  nAssetorThreat_shivanandah_120511  26/guwahati/34100574_1_nagaland-research-paper-arunachal-pradesh    east-india/  indias-north-east#.UijtLdK1GuI