MANTHAN THEME
Stepping stones:
Enhancing the quality of primary
education
TEAM DETAILS (IGNITERS567)
1.Ankit Singh (Team L...
PRESENT CONDITION OF PRIMARY
EDUCATION IN INDIA
●Close to 200 million children study in primary and secondary schools.
The...
MAJOR CHALLENGES IN PRIMARY EDUCATION
AND REASONS BEHIND THESE CHALLENGES
CHALLENGES REASONS
Quality education This is maj...
CHALLENGES REASONS
Economic condition Although India has made great strides in
economic development and is regarded as
as ...
PROPOSED SOLUTION:ENHANCING THE
QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
There are various sectors in the field of primary education t...
TEACHING METHODOLOGY-It basically refers to the innovation in
teaching style and coming up with new methods of teaching so...
INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENT OF SCHOOLS
This is one of the most important thing regarding primary education that needs to be...
Those schools which have toilet and drinking facilities also, their quality is really poor.As
pointed out earlier also tea...
BRINGING MORE CHILDRENS TO SCHOOL:
INCREASING GROSS ENROLMENT RATIO
One of the greatest failures of development policy in ...
3)Another method to bring more childrens to schools is the most basic one, improving the
overall structure of primary scho...
CONCLUSION
The present condition of primary education in INDIA is really bad. It needs a huge
uplift.We as a citizen of th...
REFERENCES
1)Wikipedia
2)Segmented Schooling: Inequalities in Primary Education by
SONALDE DESAI
AMARESH DUBEY
CECILY DARD...
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IGNITERS567

  1. 1. MANTHAN THEME Stepping stones: Enhancing the quality of primary education TEAM DETAILS (IGNITERS567) 1.Ankit Singh (Team Leader) 2.Amarjeet kumar 3.Suraj 4.Dayasindhu 5.Piyush Prabhakar
  2. 2. PRESENT CONDITION OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN INDIA ●Close to 200 million children study in primary and secondary schools. The majority of these children belong to the rural areas of the INDIA. ●As per annual status of education report 2012,4.5% of total children of age group 6-14 of rural areas do not go to school even once. ●Close to 1.5 million seats of teachers still remain vacant in primary schools for maintaining ideal student to teacher ratio. ●Estimates suggest that 27% of all the children in age group 6-14 study in private schools.In urban areas it is close to 50%.It shows the lack of govt. primary schools in INDIA. ●With implementation of programs , District Education Revitalization (DERP), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA),Right To Education(RTE) etc ,there is slight improvement in education system but proper implementation of these programmes is the most challenging task ahead. ●Overall the present condition of primary education in INDIA is still not upto the mark and several changes need to be made in it , so that it can improve in coming days.
  3. 3. MAJOR CHALLENGES IN PRIMARY EDUCATION AND REASONS BEHIND THESE CHALLENGES CHALLENGES REASONS Quality education This is major challenge .The annual status of education report(ASER) states that half of children in schools are no where near class age appropriate learning levels. Issue of language India being diverse country with over 22 official languages and over 1500 languages as “mother tounge” means that primary education can never be easy. Teachers need to understand the local language also which is difficult. Lack of trained teachers In many states there is still lack of institutions for teacher education.School are therefore forced to hire less qualified teachers which afects teaching quality. Literacy levels Literacy in India is about 74.04% .In other words quarter of parents are still illiterate so their motivation to send their child to schools is quite low.
  4. 4. CHALLENGES REASONS Economic condition Although India has made great strides in economic development and is regarded as as 4th biggest economy of world.It is home to 1/3 of world’s poor.Poverty seriously affects the focus on education. Implementation of govt. programs Government has started various programs in regards to primary education such as sarva shiksha abhiyan,mid day meal, district education revitalization program etc., but they are not being properly implemented in many parts of country. Above written were some of the basic and important challenges that presently Indian primary education faces. There are numerous other reasons behind the present bleakish condition of primary education.More emphasis needs to be laid on these challenges so that in future we can come out as nation with better quality of primary education. Primary education , as we know is one of most important facets of overall education sector of any country.
  5. 5. PROPOSED SOLUTION:ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION There are various sectors in the field of primary education that needs to be improved for overall enhancement of primary education sector in INDIA.These are listed as follows with the proposed solution- TEACHERS QUALITY-Teachers quality can be maintained in schools by making sure that they fullfill following criterias− 1)Their intake is by proper test at state level and also they should have some teaching specialised degree like b.ed etc 2)There should be regular assessment of teachers according to the performance of students he/she teaches,his/her presence found during random inspection in the school. This should be done atleast twice a year.It would motivate them to teach in better way and also it should be made important criteria for promotion of students. 3) There should be camps and seminars for teachers , giving them input about advancements in teaching methodologies and innovative methods of teaching. 4)Teachers should not be given any task other than teaching , there should be separate administrative staff for those purposes.This is happening in many states of our country that teachers are made responsible to look after work of whitewashing of school etc.This should be stopped so that teacher can focus on teaching only.
  6. 6. TEACHING METHODOLOGY-It basically refers to the innovation in teaching style and coming up with new methods of teaching so that students can learn more efficiently and also in a better way.Following innovation can be made in the field of teaching methodology- 1-New and innovative tools of teaching should be employed such as use of toys and real objects, it would keep the students interested and also it would provide better sense of understanding. 2-Use of videos and concept of e-learning can be employed in primary education sector of our country. 3-Teachers should take regular assessment test of students to analyse their performance and the good ones should be given prize .It would bring sense of competition in students,they will try to learn more. 4-Adopting the method of ‘learning by levels’ i.e weaker students should not be left behind .They should be made to learn the concepts again , which they could not grasp 1st time.
  7. 7. INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENT OF SCHOOLS This is one of the most important thing regarding primary education that needs to be improved. Folllowing few facts present the true story of infrastructure of modern day primary schools in India. • About 57 per cent of rural elementary (primary and upper primary) schools in India had less than 4 classrooms.The portion of rural schools that do not have one classroom per grade is substantially higher. • About 13 per cent of rural elementary schools in India did not have drinking water facilities. • About 16 per cent of rural elementary schools in India did not have any toilet facilities. • About 49 per cent of rural elementary schools in India did not have separate toilets for girls. • About 70 per cent of rural elementary schools in India did not have electricity. • About 14 per cent of all rural primary schools in India had only one teacher. Above facts clearly depict the true story of infrastructure of primary schools in INDIA.It also points out the facts that Government needs to invest more in this field financially. Another reason that is responsible for this is corruption and eating away of money mid way while building school etc. by teachers, Gram pradhan etc. To avoid this, the process of construction should be given to private or govt. contractors.Presently in most of places it is being done under supervision of teachers, gram pradhans itself.
  8. 8. Those schools which have toilet and drinking facilities also, their quality is really poor.As pointed out earlier also teachers should be only responsible for teaching. So , a separate administrativ staff should be there of 2-3 members who looks after things like proper cleaning og toilets, maintainance of electricity facilities etc.A primary school should atleast contain following minimum things- 1)Separate classroom for each class. 2)A watercooler/handpump ,whichever may be possible. 3)Separate toilet for boys and girls. 4)A teachers staff room. 5)A small playground. All the works regarding maintainance or construction purpose should be constantly monitered by the higher authority so that corruption can be avoided. There should be atleast one school in every village so that every child can get access to education. Seriously speaking there is huge scope of improvement in terms of infrastructure , which can be only be possible if government gives primary education sector more share in its financial budget and also state governments have a major role to play too.Good infrastructure can also act as medium to attract childrens in schools .We do not need a classy air conditioned class rooms at present nor we can get funding for that, but they should atleast contain certain basic required features so that no parent fears in sending his/her ward to school.
  9. 9. BRINGING MORE CHILDRENS TO SCHOOL: INCREASING GROSS ENROLMENT RATIO One of the greatest failures of development policy in post-independence India has been the inability to ensure that all children attend school. The gaps in respect of provision of adequate schooling facilities and in respect of the proportion of children who continue to be out of school are particularly high in rural India. Gross Attendance Ratio is defined as the number of children who attend school at a particular level of schooling (say, primary school) as a proportion of the population of children in the official age group for that level of schooling (say, primary school-going age) Following methods can be adopted to bring more children to schools- 1)Conducting camps in villages regarding positives of education so that they can understand the real importance of education and send their wards to school.It is very imp. here to note down that large % of children who do not attend school are SC,ST and from rural areas.This is because they do not understand the real value of education. 2)Providing free or subsidised primary education to economically weakers.Indian government has taken steps in lieu of that but we need to extend it to more broader aspect such that more and more get benifitted from this.
  10. 10. 3)Another method to bring more childrens to schools is the most basic one, improving the overall structure of primary schooling in India.This would automatically motivate them to send their wards to schools. OTHER METHODS OF ENHANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION IN INDIA 1)One of the most important thing that we need to do is to make sure that all the government programmes and schemes are implemented in a proper way.We recently heard about the mid day meal incident in Bihar, that was due to poor management.So, that there should be hierarchial mangement system for proper implementation of government programmes and schemes.Each level of hierarichy should be accountable for its work to the upper level. 2)We can take help of NGO’S , AGANVAADI kendras to increase the no of students in schools. They can motivate and tell people of rural area the real worth of education. 3)Holding parents teacher meeting on regular basis so that teachers can inform about the current level of their wards , also teachers can tell them about the way children should study at home.It is very important for people of rural area as it often happens , being themselves illiterate, parents do not know how to treat their child while he/she is studying.
  11. 11. CONCLUSION The present condition of primary education in INDIA is really bad. It needs a huge uplift.We as a citizen of this nation should pledge to send all our wards to schools, all the persons associated with primary education sector need to work without corruption and with greater accountibility and at last government(both state and central) need to bring more schemes and programmes in this field. No plan is successful without proper planning , so we need to improve and enchance the quality of primary education in a planned and structured way.It is not a huge task and government has taken few important steps in this regard already.India is one of the biggest economies of world and we have sufficient funding for this.What we need is to chalk out a effective plan and properly implement it.If this happens we can expect India with peaking literacy rates .In coming days we expect INDIA with better and improved primary education facilities.We just need to remember that solution of every problem resides in our own hand. JAI HIND JAI BHARAT
  12. 12. REFERENCES 1)Wikipedia 2)Segmented Schooling: Inequalities in Primary Education by SONALDE DESAI AMARESH DUBEY CECILY DARDEN 3)Statistics on elementary school education in INDIA by VIKAS RAWAL 4) DISE statistics, taken from NUEPA (2010) 5) NSSO (2010) 6) Aggarwal (1997) and Jalan and Glinskaya (2005) 7) Ramachandran, V. K., Rawal, Vikas, and Swaminathan, Madhura (1997), “Investment Gaps in Primary Education: A Statewise Study,” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 32, nos. 1 and 2,january 2004.

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