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  1. 1. Revolution in Indian Election system National Institute Of Technology, Karnataka Team: Ignited Minds 1) Ramu Mekala 2) Shreya Shetty 3) Rahul Singh 4) Gaurav Yadav 5) Akshay Kamath Manthan Topic : Introducing Electoral reforms to reduce the influence of money and muscle power in politics
  2. 2. The Problem Tree In today’s India, the major problems faced by its citizens are a consequence of inefficient and poor leadership. A substantial chunk of our leaders have a criminal background. To overcome this problem, we need to go back to the basics, to exercise our only right to vote. Only by changing the stem of the problem tree, we can solve the problems, but the unfortunate part is that this stem is very powerful and uses a lot of money and muscle power. 2004 2009 MPs with pending criminal records 208 162 Total pending criminal cases 429 522 MPs with pending serious criminal cases 58 76 Total serious cases against MPs 296 275 Analysis Based on Pending Criminal cases
  3. 3. Analysis based on assets In 2004 Lok sabha In 2009 Lok sabha % Increase Number of crorepatis 156 315 102% Average assets of MPs 1.86(cr) 5.33(cr) 186% In the following pages analysis for MPs based on their assets has been given. A comparison of number of crorepati MPs in 2004 & 2009 Lok Sabha shows that the number of crorepati MPs has increased by 102%. Similarly the average wealth of a MP of Lok Sabha 2009 is 186% more than their counterparts in Lok Sabha 2004. The above statistics is the official data, but as we all know this is only one side of the coin. The other dark side is still unearthed and hidden from the public eye. The fact is that many of these MP’s have millions stashed away in various foreign banks which do not disclose information ,and that is why we do not have any evidence against them. Disproportionate assets is one of the main reasons plaguing our government, because our leaders are not common men but millionaires who fail to understand the problems faced by the Indian common man. The sad part is ,only the rich get voted to power, again and again.
  4. 4. Why are we not able to solve the problems? Problem Solution Formulated Bill sent to House Modified in consecutive hearings Modified to such an extent that it makes no difference 15th Lok Sabha Bills Bills introduced Bills passed The solution to a problem undergoes a long cycle where in numerous modifications and considerations are made which becomes the problem again. These modifications are done by the leaders in the house and are cleverly tailored to suit their needs and wishes. What we need are self-less and educated leaders who can gauge a situation appropriately and act accordingly instead of just satisfying their ends.
  5. 5. Voting and winning Trend The % of votes polled for major parties clearly show that none of them got anywhere close to the 50% mark. Total voting in the country was 58%. INC managed approx. 29 % of the votes cast which was about 17% of the registered voters. BJP managed just 19% votes or 11%registered voters. The total electorate in the country was 71,37,76,525 and the total votes cast were 41,71,58,432. This shows that there is not a single party which is favoured by the general voter but has to cast his/her vote out of lack of options as this gives them that little hope of improving their lives. What we need to do is increase the average voting percentage in our country. This will give us a more conclusive data as to which party/leader is being favoured.
  6. 6. What is E-Voting? E-Voting is an Internet Voting process which is interlinked with Adhaar card.It lets people vote from anywhere in the world and requires basic internet connection ,webcam and a biometric scanner. Why E-Voting? In India it is said, “Those who do not vote are happy people". Its time to change that. The main purpose of E-Voting is to increase the percentage of votes from the urban and more educated regions where people due to either negligence or other constraints(geographical,time etc.) are not able to cast their votes. What this will do is decrease the percentage of cash/caste/religion votes and increase the percentage of educated votes. This will consequently lead to the appointment of better leaders into power. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Karnataka Elections Bengal Elections General Elections Voting: Urban vs Rural Urban Rural
  7. 7. How it works(Pre-requisites) Every citizen’s Aadhar card has to be updated five times(mandatory) in his/her life and every single piece of record for ex:criminal history, pending cases etc. to be displayed in the central database against the given unique aadhar ID. Aadhar Nomination: The candidates who are standing for the elections should delete their caste and religion. They should submit their background details like assets, educational qualifications etc. No candidate/party is allowed to use any advertising medium for campaigning. Platforms to convey their agenda and ideals will be provided by govt itself . Before one month of the elections, the govt will display the necessary info about the candidates/party in the local and national news channels. This will give the general public an accurate idea regarding the candidates and their background. Pre-elections
  8. 8. How it works(Pre-requisites) On the voting day, we just have to log onto the Election Commission website And caste our vote. Verification points include your aadhar id, otp,retina scan, thumb print. Voting day This option would allow voters to elect none of the candidates if any of them are not good Clause (49-O no vote) None of them It is same as previous election system but if any constituency got more than 30% of “None Of T hem “ . Then that constituency will be ruled by administration . Post elections
  9. 9. The consequences of E-voting  Increasing voting percentage  People will be aware of all the candidate background  Accessible to all  Reduces economic charges  Time saving  We can overcome caste, religion ,regional problems  No chance of rigging of elections and Booth capturing  On non-selection of leaders, administration of IAS
  10. 10. The root of all the problems for the development of India is found to be corrupt politicians and we people, who are not willing to excise our power of voting. The solution is E-voting which will increase voting percentage especially of educated section. This can lead to election of better leaders who can lead India to a better tomorrow. “Your vote makes all the difference”
  11. 11. Appendix References:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_India  Opinions of NITK Students and staff  http://eci.gov.in/eci_main1/expenditurel_loksabha.aspx  http://adrindia.org/sites/default/files/0.10%20full%20report%2020-05-2010.pdf  http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/mps-mlas-to-be-disqualified-on-date- of-criminal-conviction/article4901596.ece