Basic facts about India
●5000Years OLD CIVILIZATION
●325 LANGUAGES SPOKEN
●PARLIMENTARY FORM OF GOVERNMENT
●WORLD,S LARGEST DEMOCRACY
●WORLD 4TH LARGEST ECONOMY
●WORLD CLASS RECONGINATION IN IT,
BIOTECHNOLOGY AND SPACE
LARGEST POOL OF SCIENTIST AND ENGINEERS.
Opportunity of India’s urbanisation
● times the GDP will
●590 million people will
live in cities.
●270 million peoplein
●70% net employment
will be generated.
●91 million urbanholds
will be middle class.
●68 cities have the
population of 1million
●Standard of life
●Slum area decreases
●urban dwellers existence and quality of life.
●Low Carbon Cities.
●urban population, settlement size, energy
consumption, transportation, waste generation and
land use mix contribute to carbon footprint.
●The government is planning to promote low-cost
housing for the urban poor.
●The construction of the 10,000 flats for people
living in slums and JJ clusters is expected to begin
soon as land of the project –
●Town planning created
integrated and impressive
●Streets became broader and
●Declining impact of vernacular
buildings and replacement by
●Impressive public edifices,
such as concert halls, assembly
rooms and civic buildings
humanity and prestige of the
●60% of indians work in
●India’s GDP is growing
merely 6%per year.
●Economic growth is
●The investments in urban
infrastructure merely ranges
0.7 - 2.5 percent of the GDP.
●An average 25 percent of the
population in Indian cities
lives in slums.
●Cities are major contributors
to greenhouse gas emissions.
●Cities meet approximately
72% of their total energy
demand from coal, oil, natural
●Problems of social and
●$1.2 trillion capital
investment is needed.
●Future seems bleak as urban
population is expected to
double by 2030.
●25 billion sq.mtrs roads will have to be paved.
●7400kms of metros and subway have to
●Residents of Samgam Vihar staged a complete
bandh on 17 Jun 07 to protest against the slow
pace of regularization by the government.
●Protesting against the lack of civic amenities in
their area, including poor supply of water and
●There are severe water and sewage problems
and nobody is willing to take them up.
WHY DECREASE IN GDP?
Inflexible labor law
Unauthorized Land market distortion
Government owned business.
Restriction on direct Foreign investment
Counter productive taxation.
What to do?
●Provide public accountability through life cycle of
rebuilding & revitalization:
●From planning, to funding, to implementing,
●To achieving desired outcomes.
●Stimulate repeated media attention on “rebuilding
●Promote continuing civic dialog and improve
rebuilding strategies over time.
●Keeping the Commonwealth Games in mind, the
New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) is all set
to revamp a number of public convenience centres
and make them more accessible for people with
●NDMC roped in an NGO Svayam to conduct a survey
●A total of 94 public convenience centres have been
●The sewer lines would be laid in 30 villages. It would
be ensured that all 189 rural villages that have been
lagging in development of civic amenities are
brought at par
STEPS FOR URBANISATION
●Source of investment:
lFour areas have been taken
up for study in the first phase.
lThe final recommendations
in all these four areas would
be submitted by March 06.
lThe four areas are
1.Effective implementation of Right
to Information Act.
Implementation of the National
Rural Employment Guarantee
William Wordsworth, Upon Westminster Bridge
Earth has not anything to show more fair:
Dull would he be of soul who could pass by
A sight so touching in its majesty:
This City now doth, like a garment, wear
The beauty of the morning; silent, bare,
Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie
Open unto the fields, and to the sky;
All bright and glittering in the smokeless air.
Never did sun more beautifully steep
In his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill;
Ne’er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!
The river glideth at his own sweet will:
Dear God! the very houses seem asleep;
And all that might heart is lying still!
(The Hindu, 9 Jun 07 “Delhi’s rural areas to get sewer lines:
Sheila” (Staff Reporter) and The Times of India, 9 Jun 07, “NDMC
to revamp public toilet system” (TOI reporter)