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ietian111

  1. 1. SOWING PROSPERITY BOOSTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY SUBMITTED BY: PRANAY GUPTA SIDDHARTH MAURYA DHYAN PAL BELAL RAIS SHASHI SHEKHAR SINGH
  2. 2. AGRICULTURE:CURRENT SCENARIO  INDIA IS ONE OF THE LARGEST AGRICULTURAL PRODUCER  DEPENDENCY OF ABOUT 60% POPULATION  1.5 MILLION SQ. KM CULTIVATED LAND  25 MILLION TONNE FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION  LOWEST PRODUCTIVITY PER ACRE  65% OF THEM ARE BELOW POVERTY LINE  66% UNIRRIGATED OR RAIN DEPENDENT  40% GRAINS ROTS DUE TO LACK OF STORAGE
  3. 3. PROBLEMS RELATED WITH AGRICULTURE  GDP – Only 0.3% of GDP is used in agricultural survey ,whereas in America , the percentage is 4%.  Irrigation by monsoon- Indian agricultural land still depends upon monsoon for irrigation upto 60% land in india is irrigated by monsoon, only 33.3 % of total cultivated land has been able to use the irrigation.  Less profit in cultivation – In india , a farmer only gets upto 23 to 33% of profit by its cultivation (after reducing all loses and expenses) whereas in european union or america a same farmer is able to get a profit of 80 to 90% .
  4. 4. . Privatization will bring new technology and multiple crops, leading to increase in production. 70 30 Normal Distribution Expenditure Profit 90 50 60 Distribution Post Privatization Company Expenditure Farmer Profit Company Profit PRIVATIZATION Plan : If assume a farmer invest Rs.70 and get Rs.30 as profit, on the same ground the companies can increase profit to 200, by new technology and 3-4 crops a year.
  5. 5. Merits of Privatization  Increased employment among educated, by development of a new sector.  Opportunity for farmer to flourish in other field.  Increase production with improved quality.  Maximum utilization of local resources.  Helps in maintaining soil fertility for longer period using latest technology.  Develops a field which will uphold indian foreign exchange at time of recession.  Financial security for farmers at time of calamity.
  6. 6. IMPLEMENTATION EDUCATE FARMERS ABOUT HOW THIS PROJECT IS GOING TO HELP THEM ACQUIRING LAND WITH FARMERS CONSENT FOR LIMITED PERIOD IF REQUIRED PROVIDE FARMERS SOME FINANCIAL SECURITY TENDER SYSTEM MUST BE ACQUIRED FOR THE SELECTION OF COMPANY AN AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT MUST BE ESTABLISH FOR VIGILENCE COMPANY WILL INVEST IN THIS FIELD IN MORDERN EQUIPMENTS AND TECHNIQUES GOVERNMENT WILL HAVE TO SOLVE DISPUTE, IF ANY BETWEEN COMPANY AND FARMERS
  7. 7. PROBLEM ARISEN LANDLESS LABOURS  DUE TO PRIVATISATION, LANDLESS LABOURS BECOME UNEMPLOYED  EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE SCHEMES MUST BE STARTED FOR AREAL DEVELOPMENT AND WILL HAVE TO CONTINUE THROUGHOUT THE YEAR  GOVERNMENT HAVE TO STARTED SEVERAL POLICIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF LANDLESS FARMERS.  MECANISATION CAUSES REPLACEMENT OF LABOUR, LEAVING WHOLE LABOUR FORCE AND LANDLESS FARMERS …….. 0 10 20 30 40 Series 3 Series 2 Series 1
  8. 8. ACCEPTANCE BY FARMERS  MOSTLY INDIAN FARMERS ARE UNEDUCATED  USING TRADITIONAL METHODS OF CULTIVATION  WANT LESS RISK  DO NOT WANT TO CHANGE  DO NOT HAVE CAPITAL  HAVE ONLY ONE SOURCE OF INCOME  HAVE TO INFORM THE FARMERS ABOUT THIS POLICY  CLEAR THEIR DOUBTS  MAKETHEM ASSURE, THAT THEIR LAND IS ONLY TAKING ON LEASE  PROVIDE THEM FINANCIAL SECURITY  HAVE TO COORPORATEWITH FARMERS CHALLENGE TO-DO
  9. 9. AGRICULTURE: CHANGED SCENARIO PRIVATISATION MORE INVESTMENT EFFICIENT IRRIGATION HYBRID SEEDS MECHANISATION 0 1 2 3 4 Series 3 Series 2 Series 1 MORE PRODUCTIVITY ASSIMILATION OF LANDS EFFICIENT USE OF RESOURCES NO MEDIATORS MORE PART OF INCOME IN PROFIT
  10. 10. CONSEQUENCES  NO ROLE OF MEDIATORS  CONTROL AND VIGILANCE OF GOVERNMENT OVER WHOLE PROCESS  NO INVESTMENT BY FARMER  LESS DEPENDANCY ON RAIN  FARMERS WILL HAVE CHANCE TO DO SOMETHING NEW  MECHANISATION OF AGRICULTURE  IMPLEMENT OF MODERNEST TECHNOLOGY  INCREASE IN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH  BETTER CONTROL IN BOTH QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF PRODUCTION  ESTABLISHMENT OF WORKING AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT  INCREASE IN GDP
  11. 11. REFERENCES • Nation master • Lucent’s essay book • Gulati, A. & Jain, S. (2012, December 20). Credit inclusion, farm lease and forming clusters can help small farmers overcome poverty much faster. The Economic Times. Retrieved from http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-12-20/news/35933641_1_small-farms-farm- output-farm- lease iii Gulati, A. & Jain, S. (2012, December 20). Credit inclusion, farm lease and forming clusters can help small farmers overcome poverty much faster. The Economic Times. Retrieved from http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-12- 20/news/35933641_1_small-farms-farm-output-farm- lease iv Khajuria, J. (2013). Think before you throw. Retrieved from http://www.sustainuance.com/think-before-you- throw/ v Planning Commission, Government of India. (2008). Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012). Retrieved from http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/fiveyr/11th/11_v1/11th_vol1.pdf vi Ahluwalia, M.S. (2011). Prospects and Policy Challenges in the Twelfth Plan. Economic and Political Weekly, 46(21). vii World Bank. (2012). India: Issues and Priorities for Agriculture. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2012/05/17/india-agriculture-issues-priorities viii Agricultural Census, Government of India. (2012). All India Report on Agricultural Census 2005-06. Retrieved from http://agcensus.nic.in/document/ac0506/reports/Chapter-4_2005-06.pdf ix Gulati, A. & Jain, S. (2012, December 20). Credit inclusion, farm lease and forming clusters can help small farmers overcome poverty much faster. • www.wikiepedia.com

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