ENSURING WORLD CLASS AMENITIES
Future Cities 1
PLANNING MODEL FOR URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
• Shivendra Singh Tomar
• Somi Sharma
• Kajal Sahu
• Pradeep Gupta
• Uttam Burman
Future Cities 2
A Glimpse of the problems in Indian Cities
0 200 400
POPULATION IN CRORES
Real Time Problems Of Indian Cities:
• Urban Infrastructure Has Been Unable To Keep
Pace With The Rapid Increase In Demand.
• 30 People Leave Rural Areas For Urban Areas
• During 2001-11 the growth of Rural Population
has been 12.18%
• Growth in Rural Population in India is steadily
declining since 1991
• • Rural – Urban distribution: 68.84% &
• • Level of urbanization increased from
27.81% in 2001 Census to
• 31.16% in 2011 Census
• • The proportion of rural population
declined from 72.19% to 68.84%
Infrastructure Problems Include:
• Water Availability
• Sewage & Waste Management
• Electricity & Fuel Demands
• Transportation System
• Secure Environment
• Basic Amenities For Migrators
• Hazard or Disaster Resistant Design
• Eco Friendliness
Future Cities 3
• Experienced Planners, Engineers, Labors To Take Charge.
• Resources In Urban Areas Such As Transportation, Factory
Made Materials & Models, Electricity Etc. To Be Considered
As Urban Resources.
• Water, Timber, Earth Materials, Metals, Food To Be Availed
From Nearby Locations.
• Existing Persons To Help Newly Involved Man Power To Get
Trained In A Live Environment Giving Light Areas Of Work
And Having Training Workshops Every Weekends
• Engineers To Look At Commonly Available Resources.
• Will Save The Money For More Important Purposes.
• Minimize The Need of More Man Power.
• Will Be Making Use Of All Resources Available Profitably
• Will Bridge The Gap Between Employed & Unemployed
• Will Create New Job Opportunities According To Requirements.
Looking at Available Resources, Identifying Resources &
Existing Man Power for the Future Infrastructure
Future Cities 4
Working Areas for Man Power( Available & Going to be Available)
Huge Amount Of Manpower Is Required For The Development Of Urban
Areas where Development is Required Include:
Water Distribution & Sewage System Waste Management Transport Systems
Security Fuel & Energy Supply Eco FriendlinessLiving Amenities
• 100% Water Purification Systems to
be installed in every area.
• Distributive Pipelines Infrastructure to
• Closed Sewage Canals & Sewage
Treatment Plant installations at various
Sites is the Must.
• Paper , renewable plastics,
rubber, synthetics recycling
plants to be set up.
• Dustbins to be placed in City
Areas, directly connected by
• Rules for throwing waste need
to be implemented.
• Quality Roads to be
• City Bus Services to
• Metro services to be
started in cities having
population above 25
• Roads to be made safer
by installing traffic
Signals & implementing
• City Design to be
reconsidered to make
city safer for children &
women & common
people as well.
• Areas of Non-
Resources to be
• Electricity distribution
infrastructure to be
• Fuel sources to be
increased for future.
• Building Living
Centers for Labor
• Staying Spots for
• Food Services for
everyone at Lower
• Quality Education &
• Bio-fuel, Electric
vehicles to be used.
• Devices to absorb
harmful gases to be
• Green Buildings to
• Solar Panels To be
Future Cities 5
Authorities or committee Responsible for all Arrangements required for
Urban Infrastructure Development
• Planning & Land Development --- City Master & Zonal Plans City Development Authority
• City Roads ----- Capital Works
PWD Housing Associations,
• Public Transport ----- Metro Rail
City Transport Corporation
• Water Supply ----- Capital Works
• Sewerage ----- Capital Works
• Waste Water Treatment -----------------------------------------Municipality, CDA
• Solid Waste & Recycling ----- Disposal
• Housing &SlumDevelopment -----------------------------------------Housing Board, Slum
• Ensure that the cities are free
from open defecation and
measures for providing toilets
• Community toilets especially in
areas that are home to the
economically weaker section
• Provide sufficient no of public
toilets/urinals in city
• Hundred per cent collection of
garbage from houses/
establishments and straight
transportation for disposal
• Conversion of waste to
Future Cities 6
Water Supply & Sanitation
• Universal Access to Water and
• Hundred per cent Metering of
• Opt for 24 × 7 water supply
wherever possible and feasible
• Provide for step by step
improvement in the operations of
the water utility
• Commit to given hours of supply
and be accountable for it through
• Commit to quality of water to be
Distribution System Sanitation System
• Installing Solar Powered Water Purifiers at Public Places is a necessity
• Installing Large Scale Water Purifiers for Domestic use in Communities
• Waste management
strategy seeks to minimize
waste to landfill and
maximize the resource
potential of materials (i.e.,
Recycling and reuse).
• As a first step, systems will
be used and awareness will
be raised to reduce the
amount of waste
generated in the city, i.e.,
By encouraging reusable
bags and containers.
• The next step is to sort and
collect the waste produced
by those living and
working in the city
Waste Management Strategy
• Vacuum waste systems may
be implemented to
automatically remove all
waste from point of use,
ensuring the city is clean and
tidy and Reducing the need
for traditional dustcarts.
• Once collected, the waste is
sorted into compostable,
• All appropriate bio-waste will
be composted and the
product used to enrich the
• Recyclable waste will be
processed in the city or as
close by as possible.
Model For Waste Recycling Proposed Ideas
Future Cities 8
• A rich network of public and
options will ensure it is easy to
move across the city in
comfort and ease.
• As a result, walking and self-
propelled transport will be the
most convenient forms of
transportation to many
destinations within the city, as
well as the most pleasant.
• This is the result of planners’
focus on created extensive
shaded sidewalks and
pathways throughout the city.
Most private vehicles
will be kept at the city’s
edge in a number of
parking lots that will be
linked by electric bus
routes to other public
traversing the city.
• Fast & Comfortable
Low cost single Cabin
Taxis are requirements
according to present
needs offering Privacy,
• New Transport Technologies
A need of new variety Vehicles is emerging due to
increase in Population.
Transportation Developments are the most prior
things for Developing Transportation Infrastructure.
Security & Living Amenities
Secure Surroundings being an
important factor for People in City,
has a new Model too…
• City Infrastructure to be Reconsidered &
developed. Road Security, Streets Security
are great matters.
• Street Lights need to be planned for specific
areas where crime is vulnerable.
• A free City Communication System
connected to all Police Stations and Private
Cops & authorities need to be planned.
• Video Cameras have to be planned all over
• Black spots in some areas should be
specially secured creating a better
environment for people to live in city.
The Breathing City
• City is designed to provide a quality of life
to rival that of any world-class city – while
also being uncompromisingly sustainable.
• City’s objectives is to demonstrate that
environmentally responsible living is
compatible with a commercially viable
business model that offers people and
organizations a desirable place to live and
• A mixture of passive design elements,
cutting edge resource-management
technologies (including smart appliances
and smart meters) and a rigorous
commitment to eliminating resource
leakages mean that the city’s dramatically
reduced levels of energy and water
consumption do not mean constrained
• Water Supply
• Solid Waste Management
• Urban Roads
• Storm Water Drains
• Urban Transport
• Traffic Support Infrastructure
• Street Lighting
Rupees Crore at 2009-10
Share from Total
Future Cities 10
The Plan gives the overall investment requirements for the urban
infrastructure Development, *However this statement can exceed by up to
150% according to Situations.
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Loopholes of proposed Plans & Concepts
• The Models require heavy engineering & researching needs & will require time.
• Plans may not be given Proper Funding.
• New recruits should be required .This will lead to the requirement of skilled Man Power.
• Government may not find proposed plan viable to be implemented Efficiently.
• Fund Management will require trained professionals.
Plan throwing Dimensions:
Major Milestones to be Crossed
• Insufficient Funding
• Lack of Resources
• Lack of Man Power
• Deficiency of Monitoring
• Tax bonds, donation by local authorities will help
in coping with insufficient funding.
• Better transportation and local area surveys will
give a boost to the existing resources.
• Training programs
• City development authorities to take charge of
monitoring and promoting new ideas by social
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• Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services
• Strategic Plan of Ministry of Urban Development For
• Mihir Bholey - Urbanization & Design
• IBM.(2011). IBM Helps India’s Wave Inc Build Smarter
• Census of India.(2011). Rural Urban Distribution of
• Dhar, A. (2012, April 6). India will see highest urban
population rise in next 40 years. The Hindu.
• Ghosh, J. (2011). Urban Challenge. Frontline.28(17).
• Indian Institute for Human Settlements.(2011). Urban