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  1. 1. ENSURING WORLD CLASS AMENITIES IN URBAN FUTURE CITIES Future Cities 1 Building Infrastructure INDIA PLANNING MODEL FOR URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS Team Members • Shivendra Singh Tomar • Somi Sharma • Kajal Sahu • Pradeep Gupta • Uttam Burman
  2. 2. Future Cities 2 A Glimpse of the problems in Indian Cities 0 200 400 INDIA RURAL URBAN CRORES AREAS POPULATION IN CRORES 2001 2011 DIFFERENCE Real Time Problems Of Indian Cities: • Urban Infrastructure Has Been Unable To Keep Pace With The Rapid Increase In Demand. • 30 People Leave Rural Areas For Urban Areas Every Minute. • During 2001-11 the growth of Rural Population has been 12.18% • Growth in Rural Population in India is steadily declining since 1991 • • Rural – Urban distribution: 68.84% & 31.16% • • Level of urbanization increased from 27.81% in 2001 Census to • 31.16% in 2011 Census • • The proportion of rural population declined from 72.19% to 68.84% Infrastructure Problems Include: • Water Availability • Sewage & Waste Management • Electricity & Fuel Demands • Transportation System • Secure Environment • Basic Amenities For Migrators • Hazard or Disaster Resistant Design • Eco Friendliness
  3. 3. Future Cities 3 Key Ideas Becoming A Source of Experience Achieving Model Profit Statement for Investors • Experienced Planners, Engineers, Labors To Take Charge. • Resources In Urban Areas Such As Transportation, Factory Made Materials & Models, Electricity Etc. To Be Considered As Urban Resources. • Water, Timber, Earth Materials, Metals, Food To Be Availed From Nearby Locations. • Existing Persons To Help Newly Involved Man Power To Get Trained In A Live Environment Giving Light Areas Of Work And Having Training Workshops Every Weekends • Engineers To Look At Commonly Available Resources. • Will Save The Money For More Important Purposes. • Minimize The Need of More Man Power. • Will Be Making Use Of All Resources Available Profitably • Will Bridge The Gap Between Employed & Unemployed People. • Will Create New Job Opportunities According To Requirements. Looking at Available Resources, Identifying Resources & Existing Man Power for the Future Infrastructure
  4. 4. Future Cities 4 Working Areas for Man Power( Available & Going to be Available) Huge Amount Of Manpower Is Required For The Development Of Urban Infrastructure. Areas where Development is Required Include: Water Distribution & Sewage System Waste Management Transport Systems Security Fuel & Energy Supply Eco FriendlinessLiving Amenities • 100% Water Purification Systems to be installed in every area. • Distributive Pipelines Infrastructure to be Developed. • Closed Sewage Canals & Sewage Treatment Plant installations at various Sites is the Must. • Paper , renewable plastics, rubber, synthetics recycling plants to be set up. • Dustbins to be placed in City Areas, directly connected by recycling plants. • Rules for throwing waste need to be implemented. • Quality Roads to be Made. • City Bus Services to be Developed. • Metro services to be started in cities having population above 25 million. • Roads to be made safer by installing traffic Signals & implementing various rules • City Design to be reconsidered to make city safer for children & women & common people as well. • Areas of Non- Conventional energy Resources to be developed. • Electricity distribution infrastructure to be Redeveloped. • Fuel sources to be increased for future. • Building Living Centers for Labor • Staying Spots for Migrators. • Food Services for everyone at Lower Costs. • Quality Education & Health Facilities. • Bio-fuel, Electric vehicles to be used. • Devices to absorb harmful gases to be installed. • Green Buildings to be built. • Solar Panels To be Installed.
  5. 5. Future Cities 5 Authorities or committee Responsible for all Arrangements required for Urban Infrastructure Development • Planning & Land Development --- City Master & Zonal Plans  City Development Authority • City Roads ----- Capital Works  ---Maintenance  PWD Housing Associations, Cooperatives • Public Transport ----- Metro Rail  ---Buses  Infrastructure Development Department City Transport Corporation • Water Supply ----- Capital Works  ---Maintenance  Municipality Housing Associations • Sewerage ----- Capital Works  ---Maintenance  Municipality Housing Associations • Waste Water Treatment -----------------------------------------Municipality, CDA • Solid Waste & Recycling ----- Disposal  ---Local Collection  City Composting Development Authority Welfare Associations, Cooperatives • Housing &SlumDevelopment -----------------------------------------Housing Board, Slum Clearance Authority
  6. 6. • Ensure that the cities are free from open defecation and measures for providing toilets • Community toilets especially in areas that are home to the economically weaker section • Provide sufficient no of public toilets/urinals in city • Hundred per cent collection of garbage from houses/ establishments and straight transportation for disposal • Conversion of waste to energy/other forms. Future Cities 6 Water Supply & Sanitation • Universal Access to Water and Sanitation • Hundred per cent Metering of water supply • Opt for 24 × 7 water supply wherever possible and feasible • Provide for step by step improvement in the operations of the water utility • Commit to given hours of supply and be accountable for it through citizen charters • Commit to quality of water to be supplied Distribution System Sanitation System • Installing Solar Powered Water Purifiers at Public Places is a necessity • Installing Large Scale Water Purifiers for Domestic use in Communities Idea Proposals: Planning
  7. 7. Future Cities 7 Planning Planned Dustbin • Waste management strategy seeks to minimize waste to landfill and maximize the resource potential of materials (i.e., Recycling and reuse). • As a first step, systems will be used and awareness will be raised to reduce the amount of waste generated in the city, i.e., By encouraging reusable bags and containers. • The next step is to sort and collect the waste produced by those living and working in the city Waste Management Strategy • Vacuum waste systems may be implemented to automatically remove all waste from point of use, ensuring the city is clean and tidy and Reducing the need for traditional dustcarts. • Once collected, the waste is sorted into compostable, non-recyclable and recyclable waste. • All appropriate bio-waste will be composted and the product used to enrich the landscaping. • Recyclable waste will be processed in the city or as close by as possible. Model For Waste Recycling Proposed Ideas
  8. 8. Future Cities 8 Planning Transport System • A rich network of public and personal transportation options will ensure it is easy to move across the city in comfort and ease. • As a result, walking and self- propelled transport will be the most convenient forms of transportation to many destinations within the city, as well as the most pleasant. • This is the result of planners’ focus on created extensive shaded sidewalks and pathways throughout the city. Transportation Model Modeling • Parking  Most private vehicles will be kept at the city’s edge in a number of parking lots that will be linked by electric bus routes to other public transportation traversing the city. • Fast & Comfortable  Low cost single Cabin Taxis are requirements according to present needs offering Privacy, Comfortable & Non-Stop Service • New Transport Technologies  A need of new variety Vehicles is emerging due to increase in Population.  Transportation Developments are the most prior things for Developing Transportation Infrastructure.
  9. 9. Future Cities 9 Planning Security & Living Amenities Secure Surroundings being an important factor for People in City, has a new Model too… • City Infrastructure to be Reconsidered & developed. Road Security, Streets Security are great matters. • Street Lights need to be planned for specific areas where crime is vulnerable. • A free City Communication System connected to all Police Stations and Private Cops & authorities need to be planned. • Video Cameras have to be planned all over the city. • Black spots in some areas should be specially secured creating a better environment for people to live in city. The Breathing City • City is designed to provide a quality of life to rival that of any world-class city – while also being uncompromisingly sustainable. • City’s objectives is to demonstrate that environmentally responsible living is compatible with a commercially viable business model that offers people and organizations a desirable place to live and work. • A mixture of passive design elements, cutting edge resource-management technologies (including smart appliances and smart meters) and a rigorous commitment to eliminating resource leakages mean that the city’s dramatically reduced levels of energy and water consumption do not mean constrained lifestyles.
  10. 10. Investment Area • Water Supply • Sewerage • Solid Waste Management • Urban Roads • Storm Water Drains • Urban Transport • Traffic Support Infrastructure • Street Lighting • Total Total Investment Rupees Crore at 2009-10 prices • 320908 • 242688 • 48582 • 1728941 • 191031 • 449426 • 97985 • 18580 • 3098141 Share from Total Investments • 10.4% • 7.8% • 1.6% • 55.8% • 6.2% • 14.5% • 3.2% • 0.6% • 100% Future Cities 10 Investments Plans The Plan gives the overall investment requirements for the urban infrastructure Development, *However this statement can exceed by up to 150% according to Situations.
  11. 11. Future Cities 11 Loopholes of proposed Plans & Concepts • The Models require heavy engineering & researching needs & will require time. • Plans may not be given Proper Funding. • New recruits should be required .This will lead to the requirement of skilled Man Power. • Government may not find proposed plan viable to be implemented Efficiently. • Fund Management will require trained professionals. Plan throwing Dimensions: Major Milestones to be Crossed • Insufficient Funding • Lack of Resources • Lack of Man Power • Deficiency of Monitoring Mitigation factors: • Tax bonds, donation by local authorities will help in coping with insufficient funding. • Better transportation and local area surveys will give a boost to the existing resources. • Training programs • City development authorities to take charge of monitoring and promoting new ideas by social means.
  12. 12. Future Cities 12 • Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services • I.C..L.E.I • Strategic Plan of Ministry of Urban Development For 2011-2016 • Mihir Bholey - Urbanization & Design • IBM.(2011). IBM Helps India’s Wave Inc Build Smarter Township • Census of India.(2011). Rural Urban Distribution of Population. • Dhar, A. (2012, April 6). India will see highest urban population rise in next 40 years. The Hindu. • Ghosh, J. (2011). Urban Challenge. Frontline.28(17). • Indian Institute for Human Settlements.(2011). Urban Dynamics. References