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  2. 2. Our agriculture is technology deficient as far world agriculture is concerned. Rice yield are 1/3 of China, half of Vietnam and Indonesia. Even Punjab’s average yield of rice in 2010 was 3.8 tones per hectare against global average of 4.3 tones. India (J&K) produces 11 tones per acre in apple as compared to US, New Zealand, Israel or China where yield ranges from 30-70 tones per acre. The average size of agricultural land holdings has decreased from 2.3 hectares in 1971 to 1.2 hectares in 2011. 80% of all farmers in the country are small or marginal farmers operating on a little over 40% of all cultivable land in the country. Values in kg/hectare . Around 70% of population of India is involved in agriculture but contributes only 13% to G.D.P.
  3. 3. Due to the increasing population the average size of holdings have decreased. Lack of skilled workers & adequate technology. Youth has been deviating from farming to other sectors due to decreasing profitability.(59% of urban migrants are from rural areas). Failure of National Agriculture Policy (NAP) at root level. Unavailable market for grown cash crops due to weak supply chain. Lack of infrastructure - only 28% of total production can be stored by government. Improper rainfall and lack of irrigation facility (only 35% of total agricultural land is irrigated) . Farmers have to use hybrid seeds as land once sowed with hybrid seeds cannot cope up with the indigenous seeds to produce the same output. Reasons for Present Scenario
  4. 4. The Policy is an attempt to circumscribe the agricultural land in the country which has major cause of low productivity over the years. The policy unites the land of small farmers into large cultivable masses and providing them with better returns. The land is taken from farmers on rent by the committee in charge of this policy. It employs local farmers for 200 days in a year for an initial rate of Rs. 250 per day. This policy provides a holistic approach to farming that is, to include various other aspects of agriculture like dairy, vermi-composting, bio energy plants. This can help in promoting organic farming in the long run and also replenish the natural raw materials. It expands the base of research and development in agriculture by providing projects to research scholars of agriculture universities. It also takes a note of various regional diversities and geographical conditions so that bounties of nature in a particular area are harnessed properly like solar water pumps in Rajasthan and Gujarat, water harvesting, and making of irrigation canal grid. It emphasizes on promoting growth of cash crops so that highly requisite foreign currency is available through export. The policy monitors the land use pattern so that fertile lands are used only for agricultural purposes and declaring these areas as Special Protected Agriculture Areas (SPAAs).
  5. 5. The scope of this policy views that in the initial attempt, only 40% of total farmers will register for NaKVY. Formation of a high level committee of 12 members consisting of secretaries from Finance Ministry, Social Welfare Ministry, Environment Ministry, nominees from Party Opposition, one famous RTI Activist, Head of National Kissan Union and experts/nominees from the top five Indian Universities. Formation of similar committees at state level but number of nominees of Kissan Union will be two and number of experts/nominees from the Agriculture Universities should be three. Under the guidance of this committee, government will implement the policy in every village at national level. By this policy government wishes to circumscribe the agriculture areas of every village which are otherwise distributed and are a major cause of low productivity. EXECUTION SURVEILLENCEPLANNING
  6. 6. Government will publicize this policy initially in the newspapers consisting of: 1. Registration work of submission of lands in tehsil to be done within 30 days. 2. Tehsil has to complete reallocation work in 45 days. 3. No change of ownerships. 4. Provision of incentives including rent of land, subsidized home loans and education loans. 5. After completion of reallocation work a formal visit by agriculture experts appointed by the committee for soil testing, pest management, introduction to post-harvest technology and careful selection of seeds. 6. 50 percent of the land to be used for growing cash crops in the area and rest 50% to be used for growing food crops which are best possible according to experts. 7. The owners of the land will be given work on their lands also keeping in mind that workers will be less to reduce disguised unemployment. PLANNING EXECUTION SURVEILLENCE
  7. 7. SURVEILLENCEPLANNING EXECUTION Amount of yield for every SPAA would be pre decided by expert according to the input. If the yield is even 10 quintal less than the projected yield, a fast-track investigation would under the way by the experts . If any person is found guilty of corruption, he/she would have to face the proceedings. The produce of every SPAA will be a national property. If any damage to the property is caused, it would be dealt similar to loss of national property. The period between bowing to cultivation will be pre decided by the concerned experts. Exactly at the mid of the duration, there will be a visit for Quality Check (QCs). The policy also keeps a check on corruption committed by experts. So all experts, state and national committees will be under the surveillance of CVC (Central Vigilance Commission).
  8. 8. Central Committee State level committee •Identifying Zones (if required). •Identifying Research Institutions to work with. •Crop selection and spreading awareness. Irrigation Department Kissan Mitra •Supervise all the farming activities done by Gram Panchayats. •Keep Record of production and spending. Gram Panchayat •Avail the required quality and quantity of man ,material and machinery. •Spreading awareness & convincing the farmers •Recruitment and supervision of Kissan Mitras. •Under Agriculture ministry. •All monetary decisions. •Check on state body. •Conduct of survey and census. FLOW CHART of Mechanism (Stake Holders involved)
  9. 9. TOTAL FUND REQUIRE- MENT FROM CENTRAL GOVERN- MENT Salary at rate 250Rs/per day for 200 days for 16 crore farmers 80 thousand crore Salary of 12,000 for about 10,722 Kissan mitras(2 per tehsil) 12.86 crore Rent of land at rate 4,000 per year per hectare 1,727 crore Research and Development 5,000 crore Fertilizers and other investment 43,176 crore Policy Investment will be around INR 1.3 lac crores and revenue to the government will be INR 50,000 crores in the initial year
  10. 10. The agricultural productivity per hectare will be enhanced to double the present scenario in 4 years. The cereals, non-food crops and cash crops will be grown in required proportion which will minimize the problem of ‘Excess and Distribution’. Direct government regulation will empower the supply chain reduce the food prices and ensure its proper safety. ( number of godowns). Organic Farming will be suitably introduced in step by step manner. World class infrastructure and research & development will take place. Middle-manship will be vanished. Export and percentage of agriculture in country’s GDP will be increased. The farmers income and lifestyle will be improved considerably and uniformly. Impacts of NaKVY
  11. 11. Convincing the farmers to rent their land without any threat feeling. Decision making on the number of labour required and their availability. Lack of infrastructural requirements. Increases burden on certain department of government. Direct expulsion of large number of people from agriculture sector. Chances of Corruption at various level. Challenges to NaKVY
  12. 12. Appendix http://indiancag.org http://designpublic.in/blog KURUKSHETRA magazine, published by Ministry of Rural Development YOJANA Magazine, published by Mininstry of Information and Broadcasting http://indiatoday.indiatoday.in http://wikipedia.org http://agricoop.nic.in http://mapsofindia.com/indiaagriculture Direct advices of villagers and farmers.