TEAM NAME :
GO GREENGO GREEN
TEAM CO ORDINATOR:
Sandeep Kapalawai
Team member :1
Balasubramaniyan
Team member -2:
Anvesh b...
The next WORLD WAR will be over WATER
Drinking water supply and sanitation in India continue to be inadequate, despite lon...
Is There Really A Water Crisis?
1. Over 1 billion people lack access to safe water
2. 2 out of 3 people will be living wit...
The global situation
Regional distribution of global population not served with improved water supply and improved sanitat...
The global situation
• Less than 3% of the world’s water is
fresh – the rest is seawater and
undrinkable.
• Of this 3% ove...
TheIndiansituation
PM's Independence Day Speech, 2009
India has 16 % of the world’s population
and 4% of its fresh water r...
TheIndiansituation
• Groundwater is the major source of water in our country with
85% of the population dependent.
• Groun...
Challenges
Challenges
Industries
Over exploitation
Groundwater depletion
PollutionPollution
Land Degraded
Agriculture Spoiled
Groundw...
Challenges
Government
• Inefficient Government – State construction
• Lack of integrated water management
• Inadequate enf...
Signs of hope…Signs of hope…
[Solution]
Solution
Progress is Must,
ButBut
Environment is
First.
Solution
sAvE wAtEr
SaVe WoRlDSaVe WoRlD
Importance of Sanitation
Key Targets
- WSSD Plan of Implementation -
Prevents pest infestation
Kills bacteria already pres...
MILK SANITATION
STERILIZATION- The application of high temperature for the
purpose of destroying all types of microorganis...
REFERENCES:
1)Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report: : WHO and
UNICEF, 2000
2)WIKIPEDIA
3)WATER .ORG
4...
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  1. 1. TEAM NAME : GO GREENGO GREEN TEAM CO ORDINATOR: Sandeep Kapalawai Team member :1 Balasubramaniyan Team member -2: Anvesh beeravelli Team member -3: Rajkumar Bitla Team member-4: Praneeth
  2. 2. The next WORLD WAR will be over WATER Drinking water supply and sanitation in India continue to be inadequate, despite longstanding efforts by the various levels of government and communities at improving coverage. The level of investment in water and sanitation, albeit low by international standards, has increased during the 2000s. Access has also increased significantly. For example, in 1980 rural sanitation coverage was estimated at 1% and reached 21% in 2008.Also, the share of Indians with access to improved sources of water has increased significantly from 72% in 1990 to 88% in 2008.[At the same time, local government institutions in charge of operating and maintaining the infrastructure are seen as weak and lack the financial resources to carry out their functions. In addition, only two Indian cities have continuous water supply and an estimated 69% of Indians still lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
  3. 3. Is There Really A Water Crisis? 1. Over 1 billion people lack access to safe water 2. 2 out of 3 people will be living with water shortages by 2025 3. Half of the world's wetlands have been lost since 1900. 4. The basis for most projections for future conflicts is that with the growth of demand, the decline in freshwater availability , and the adverse health effects from poor water quality, scarcity will result in violence and water wars. YES Global water supply coverage(%) Global sanitation 95 66 79 94 71 82 0 20 40 60 80 100 Urban water supply Rulal water supply Total water supply Global water supply coverage(%) 1990 2000 82 35 55 86 38 60 0 20 40 60 80 100 Urban sanitation Rulal sanitation Total sanitation Global sanitation coverage(%) 1990 2000 ( Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report: : WHO and UNICEF, 2000)
  4. 4. The global situation Regional distribution of global population not served with improved water supply and improved sanitation 63% 28% 7% 2% Water Supply Asia Africa 80% 13% 5%2% Sanitation Asia Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Europe Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report: : WHO and UNICEF, 2000)
  5. 5. The global situation • Less than 3% of the world’s water is fresh – the rest is seawater and undrinkable. • Of this 3% over 2.5% is frozen, locked up in Antarctica, the Arctic and glaciers, and not available to man. • Thus humanity must rely on this 0.5% for all of man’s and ecosystem’s fresh water needs. >(Safe Drinking Water) Halve, by the year 2015, the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water (reaffirmation of Millennium Development Goal) Some Examples The Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) for all Initiative : WSSCC Dialogue on Effective Water Governance : GWP, UNDP Establishment of networking partnership for sharing knowledge and cooperation through the activities of the 3 rd World Water Forum:Secretariat of WWF3 KEY ISSUES 1. Planning at country level to achieve the target 2. Providing safe drinking water supply 3. Maintenance of existing systems 4. Capacity building
  6. 6. TheIndiansituation PM's Independence Day Speech, 2009 India has 16 % of the world’s population and 4% of its fresh water resources. Water availability(Rank): Weighted average: 14.0 thousand cubic metres # 1 Iceland: 294.34 thousand cubic metres Severe water stress: Weighted average: 25.5 % #1 Israel: 100 % # 23 India: Dr Manmohan Singh, said: “Climate change is threatening our ecosystems; water scarcity is becoming a way of life and pollution is a growing threat to our health and habitat.” metres # 47 USA: 7.09 thousand cms # 68 UK: 3.1 thousand cms # 89 China: 1.72 thousand cms # 93 India: 1.56 thousand cubic metres # 141 Botswana: -7.46 thousand cubic metres # 23 India: 80.2 % # 36 China: 44.7 % # 42 United States: 31.3 % # 51 United Kingdom: 21 %
  7. 7. TheIndiansituation • Groundwater is the major source of water in our country with 85% of the population dependent. • Groundwater water table decline - 33 centimeters per year. • Groundwater [Depleted] • Surface water [Polluted] • Rainfall [Wasted] • Population [ ] • Demand [ ] • Consumption [ ] SCARCITY •Industrial Growth [ ] • Economy-Industry [ ] • Water Business[ ] • Agriculture [ ] • Health & Environment[ ] • Future [ ? ]
  8. 8. Challenges
  9. 9. Challenges Industries Over exploitation Groundwater depletion PollutionPollution Land Degraded Agriculture Spoiled Groundwater & Surface water polluted Health Issues
  10. 10. Challenges Government • Inefficient Government – State construction • Lack of integrated water management • Inadequate enforcement of environment legislation relating to water • Insufficient facilities for waste water treatment • India’s rivers carry 90% of the water during the period from June to November, but only 10% is available during the other six months. • Biofuel threatens India’s water supply. • 161 of out of approximately 600 districts in India have been declared drought. • At least 45% of India's land area is degraded. • 90% of the sewage generated by municipal councils and over 50% of sewage discharged by municipal• Insufficient facilities for waste water treatment • Insufficient local technological research on water • •Wasting Water •Polluting Water Public and over 50% of sewage discharged by municipal corporations goes untreated Overview of the major problems: Drinking Water • Inadequate and intermittent supply of drinking water • Metallic and bacterial pollution of water • Inadequate piped water supply in rural areas and some urban slum areas • Loss of water in transmission (distribution) and storage • Lack of financial resources for improvements
  11. 11. Signs of hope…Signs of hope… [Solution]
  12. 12. Solution Progress is Must, ButBut Environment is First.
  13. 13. Solution sAvE wAtEr SaVe WoRlDSaVe WoRlD
  14. 14. Importance of Sanitation Key Targets - WSSD Plan of Implementation - Prevents pest infestation Kills bacteria already present Reduces potential for cross contamination Can help increase shelf life WATER SANITATION FOOD SANITATION Most Indians depend on on-site sanitation facilities. Recently, access to on-site sanitation have increased in both rural and urban areas. In rural areas, total sanitation has been successful (see below). In urban areas, a good practice is the Slum Sanitation Program in Mumbai that has provided access to sanitation for a quarter million slum dwellers.[ Can help increase shelf life Minimizes chance for injury Prevents pest infestation Kills bacteria already present Reduces potential for cross contamination Can help increase shelf life Minimizes chance for injury Helps create a more pleasant work environment Helps create a more pleasant work environment WATER SANITATION PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY MUST BE- SAFE REASONABLY SOFT PLENTIFUL CHEAP FOOD SANITATION 3 ENEMIES OF FOOD STORAGE: HIGH TEMPERATURE HIGH HUMIDITY CONTAMINATION BY STRONG ODORS
  15. 15. MILK SANITATION STERILIZATION- The application of high temperature for the purpose of destroying all types of microorganisms. PASTEURIZATION- The application of heat to milk for the purpose of destroying pathogenic microorganisms with minimum injury to the substance HOUSING SANITATION CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ACCEPTABLE HOUSE ADEQUATE SPACE: AT LEAST 50 SQ.FT./PERSON FOR BEDROOM ADEQUATE LIGHTING: AT LEAST 100 FT.CANDLES FOR READING Integrate Sanitation into Water resources Management as well as Water Pollution Prevention ADEQUATE LIGHTING: AT LEAST 100 FT.CANDLES FOR READING ADEQUATE WATER SUPPLY: 15-20 GALLONS PER CAPITA PER DAY HUMAN Nature Safe Drinking Water and Other Domestic Water Sanitation for Black / Gray Water Agriculture, Industry and Other Water
  16. 16. REFERENCES: 1)Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report: : WHO and UNICEF, 2000 2)WIKIPEDIA 3)WATER .ORG 4) Sorce http://www.healthissuesindia.com 5) National Water Commission:Corporate Profile 6) Water Resource Authority

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