Fairness at play : introducing electoral
reforms to reduce the influence of money
and muscle power in politics :
“J.P. FEFFER DEFINES POWER
AS THE CAPACITY OF A
OR ORGANIZATION TO
POWER IS THE POTENTIAL
TO CHANGE OTHERS
ATTITUDE OR BEHAVIOR.
WHAT IS THE(MONEY/MUSCLE)
Money is vital for modern democracies
without it citizens would not have the
means to convey ideas nor compete for
political power through electrol
processes. However money can distort the
democratic ideals for fair competition
through unbalanced access to resources to
some individuals or political groups.
According to recent study of CSDS, money
is a key factor in Indian elections. Although the
122 candidates studied range from Super Rich
to “lower middle” class. All major parties
preferred to back the richer candidates who
could fund their own election expense.
MONEY CAN DISTORT THE DEMOCRATIC IDEALS OF FAIR COMPETITION THROUGH
UNBALANCED ACCESS TO RESOURCES TO SOME INDIVIDUALS OR POLITICAL GROUPS
IN 2008, CANDIDATES FOR OFFICE, POLITICAL PARTIES, AND INDEPENDENT GROUPS
SPENT A TOTAL OF $5.3 BILLION ON FEDERAL ELECTIONS. THE AMOUNT SPENT ON
THE PRESIDENTIAL RACE ALONE WAS $2.4 BILLION, AND OVER $1 BILLION OF THAT
WAS SPENT BY THE CAMPAIGNS OF THE TWO MAJOR CANDIDATES: BARACK
OBAMA SPENT $730 MILLION IN HIS ELECTION CAMPAIGN, AND JOHN
MCCAIN SPENT $333 MILLION.
IN 2004 THE BUDGET SET BY THE ELECTION COMMISION OF INDIA FOR GENERAL
ELECTION IS 2.5 MILLION BUT ACCORDING TO ECE IT INCREASES TO 6.5 BILLION ,BUT
ACCORDING TO INDIA TODAY SURVEY IT IS 115.62 BILLION .
HOW CAN IT BECOME BANE?
the percentages of MPs from each
party facing criminal charges. In India :
MOST VOTERS(83%) BELIEVE THAT
LOBBYISTS HAVE MORE INFLUENCE THAN
VOTERS OVER ELECTED OFFICIALS . SO IT
HAVE NEGATIVE INFLUENCE ON
THE DISILLUSIONMENT WITH THE CURRENT
POLITICAL SYSTEM SO DEEP THAT 52% OF
THEM WOULD PREFER A DICTATORSHIP
WHERE THINGS WOULD GET DONE (ACC.
TO HT-MARS YOUTH SURVEY 2013 )
NEED OF FAIR ELECTION:-
IS THERE ANY INFLUENCE OF
POLITICIAN ON YOU ?
(BASED ON THE SURVEY
CONDUCTED BY HT-MARS
SURVEY TO I.A.S.)
We have spent decades waiting to be a part of the decision making
,hoping in vain,for something to change the time is now shortlist the
candidates of clean and clear image and start vote for them.
More qualified young professionals should come into politics.
Right to recall must be introduce.
Former justice MN Vancatchailiya committe report must be
implemented to review the working of constitution to ban the
politician having five year prison.
Citizen funded fair election system have to be implemented i.e a
person or a group SHOULD NOT fund more than a given limit.
Federal contribution limits
Federal law restricts how much individuals and
organizations may contribute to political
campaigns, political parties, and other FEC-
regulated organizations. Corporations and
unions are barred from donating money
directly to candidates or national party
Sources ofcampaign funding willbelikethis -
To national party
To state, district &
To any other
give $2,500 $30,800 $10,000 $5,000
$70,800 to all
$5,000 No limit No limit $5,000
State, District and
$5,000 No limit No limit $5,000 No limit
$5,000 $15,000 $5,000 $5,000 No limit
$2,500 $30,800 $10,000 $5,000 No limit
$2,000 No limit No limit $5,000 No limit
BENEFITS OF FAIR ELECTION:-
Makes candidates and elected officials accountable
only to the public interests rather than powerful
Makes election fair by levelling the playing field for
candidates (on the basis of ideas and merit)
Allows politicians less in fund raising.
Gives all citizens regardless of wealth, a fair shot to
be heard and participate in every step of
Reinviqorates our democracy by helping to engage
voters and increasing voter turn out.