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  1. 1. + Type and level of malnutrition BMI range (kg/m2) Obese 30.0+ Overweight 25.0 - 29.9 Normal 18.5 - 24.9 Undernutrition Mild 17.0 - 18.4 Undernutritio Moderate 16.0 - 16.9 Undernutrition Severe <16.0 How To Measure Malnutrition?
  2. 2. WHEN PEOPLE DO NOT EAT ENOUGH NUTRIENTS TO COVER THEIR NEEDS FOR ENERGY AND GROWTH OR TO MAINTAIN HEALTHY IMMUNE SYSTEM Poor diets. Meals may be low in quantity, nutrient density or variety, or eaten infrequently. Infants may get insufficient breastmilk. Family food insecurity Poverty Inadequate care of vulnerable household members
  4. 4. undernutrition (below 5) 42.4% obese(male) 12.2% obese(female) 16% infant 30% 1998-2005 estimation 2005 results *Mild undernourishment is 76% *Moderate undernourishment is 51.3% *Sever undernourishment is 44.2% Punjab, Kerala, and Delhi face the highest rate of overweight and obese individuals 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%
  5. 5. IN INDIA…. STEPS TAKEN  MIDDAY MEAL SCHEME IN INDIAN SCHOOLS.  INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SCHEME(ICDS)  NATIONAL CHILDREN’ FUND  Increases risk of infections and diseases such as tuberculosis , anaemia etc.  Weakens the immune system  Affects hiv transmission by transmission from mother to child  in 2005, 40% of women in rural areas, and 36% of women in urban areas were found to have mild anaemia.[  Overnutrition can cause hypertensin,cancer and type-2diabetes  52% of married women and 73% of infant have anaemia  Physical retardation and reduce cognitive abilities.  40%womaen in rural areas have anaemia and 36% of woman in urban areas have anaemia.
  6. 6. KUPOSAN GHATAO YOJANA Government HospitalsGovernment Schools Awareness camp-about importance of health and food in life Provide Facilites Safe Drinking And Sanitation Medical Facilities Govt. hostels for living,dresses and healthy diet Children Adults(Parents) Vocational Training How to work in Govt. Organisation? How to aware other malnutrition Parents? Providing Employment in govt. Organisation 50% share from them. Education in govt. schools free of cost Provides employment and take 50% income till cost recovery In the bank of Govt. Women in govt.hospitals and schools. Men in any govt. oranisation and industries
  7. 7.  The objectives of Kuposhan Ghatao Yojna are:  To raise the health and nutritional level of not only poor Indian children below 6 years of age but also to adults suffering from undernutrition and overnutrition.  To create a base for proper mental, physical and social development of children and their parents in India  To reduce instances of mortality, malnutrition and school dropouts among Indian Children.  To provide health and nutritional information and education to mothers of young children to enhance child rearing capabilities of mothers in country of India
  8. 8.  alongwith midday meal scheme,govt. must ensure that there must be awareness(ABOUT HEALTH AND FOOD) class in every govt. school.  As ICDS ongly focuses on childre but Undernutrition is common in adult also,so alongwith children same care must be given to parents.  There must be your organisation centre near every targeted rural area.  Malnutrition people without having shelter must be provided shelter under govt, hostels near targeted area. Director General Manager Managers Finance Manager (funding issues) Volunteers For mass awareness programs Team Leaders &Food Mangers (In both govt.hospitals &schools) Malnutrition in Rural Area Supervisors and other workers Care takersMalnutrition children &parents 9
  9. 9.  Consider a malnutrition suffering Family Having 4 members  Facilities cost to govt. organisation-  1 day food for children=100(50+50)  For adult=200(100+100)  Per family CTG=300 per day  Per month=30*300=9000  Medical facilities to a family=1000 per month.  CTG per month=10,000  CTG per family=10,000  For 100 families=100*10,000  Per month=10 lakh  Note-After 2 months ,adults should be provided employment.  Out of 400,200 are parents  Let average income of parent be 3000Rs.  50%taken by govt.=1500Rs.  Per month amount returm to govt.=200*15,00  Return amount=3 lakh Rs. Per Month Estimation
  10. 10.  For 100 families CTG= Rs.10lakhs  If a City has average of 1000 families(4000 malnutrition people),CTG= Rs.10,000Lakhs  If there are 1000 such cities,CTG=Rs. 1crore  CTG For Education of malnutrition children  If city has average of 2,000 children,CTG=Rs.20,000 per month  For 1000 cities CTG=Rs.2 crore  Total CTG=(1+7+2)=Rs.10 Crore/month  For 1 Years=Rs.120 Crore  For 5 Years CTG=Rs.600 Crore
  11. 11.  Deolalikar, A. (2012, July 23). A national shame: Hunger and malnutrition in India. Ideas for India. Retrieved from  UNICEF. (n.d.). Nutrition. Retrieved from  Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. (2012). Children in India 2012 –A Statistical Appraisal. Retrieved from  Food and Agriculture Organization. (2012). Economic growth, hunger and malnutrition. Retrieved from  The World Bank. (2013). Helping India Combat Persistently High Rates of Malnutrition. Retrieved from india-combat-persistently-high-rates-of-malnutrition  UNICEF. (n.d.). Under-nutrition - a challenge for India. Retrieved from  The World Bank. (n.d.). Undernourished Children: A Call for Reform and Action. Retrieved from,,c ontentMDK:20916955~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:223547,00.html  Press Information Bureau. (2012). Review of Foodgrains Procurement Policy. Retrieved from  India Budget. (n.d.). Growthin foodgrains production. Retrieved from