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  1. 1. Manthan Topic- Brain Gain Presentation on Promoting Research and Innovation Presented By: Aastha Tripathi Abhishek Rajput Jyoti Sharma Neha Gupta Vidit Arya
  2. 2. What is Research and Innovation? Research Innovation • “Systematic investigation towards increasing the sum of knowledge.” (Chambers 20th Century Dictionary) • “An endeavor to discover new or collate old facts by the scientific study of a subject or by a course of critical investigation.”(The Concise Oxford Dictionary) • “An innovation is something original, new, and important - in whatever field - that breaks in to a market or society.” • ‘Innovation’ differs from ’invention’ in that innovation refers to the use of a better and, as a result, novel idea or method, whereas invention refers more directly to the creation of the idea or method itself.
  3. 3. Role of innovation and research in country growth • Innovation: The New Mantra for Science and Technology Policies in India • “Science is more essential for our prosperity, our security, our health, our environment, and our quality of life than it has ever been before.” - President Barack Obama, April 27, 2009. • Research is important for clinicians because it links the clinical experience and evidence base to the laboratory which lends itself to statistical and trend analyses, collaboration, discovery and ultimately to positive impacts on patient diagnosis, care and safety. • "We are a non-profit hospital, built from compassion for the poor and suffering. For us, the cheaper the products, the greater the number of patients we can treat. The purpose of our research is to identify low-cost methods and technology for healthcare, so we can reach out to as many of the needy as possible," says AIMS's medical director, Dr Prem Nair.
  4. 4. Present Indian Scenario • Despite India having better scientific research institutions, R&D and innovation capabilities are lower than other BRICS countries, according to the Economic Survey. • Citing the global competitiveness report for 2012-13, the economic survey pointed out that India despite being ranked ahead of other peers when it came to market knowledge, technology and creativity, the country ranked poorly when it came to other metrics such as institutional support, human resources, research infrastructure and business sophistication. • In 2011, the total number of patent applications for in India was estimated to be 37,000, according to controller general of patents, designs and trade marks, ministry of commerce and industry data. In comparison, despite a slowdown in its economy, California, in 2011 filed 30,750 patents. • “There is potential but the momentum needs to be sustained and not left hanging,” said Gopcihand Katragadda, Managing Director, GE India Technology Centre. • China registers over a 100 patents for a million people as compared to five for India. US, with 707 patents for a million people, is among top scientific countries in the world after two Asian research giants Japan and South Korea with over 1,000 patents for a million people. • The so-called emerging economic power is not even close to several nations with slower economic growth rate . Sri Lanka registers three times more patents for a million people as compared to its northern neighbour India. Even Thailand has more patents and researchers per million people than India.
  5. 5. Initiatives to promote R&D • Interaction between researchers in natural sciences and social sciences. • The principle of differential remuneration based on performance and output to be followed to reward those who perform well and chastise those who do not. • Current teaching methodologies at school, college and university level do start inculcating scientific temper in the students. • Research topics of long term relevance and importance to be taken up and well supported by the government. • Our country should set up a National Science and Social Science Foundation (NSSSF) which will look at all knowledge as one seamless entity. • Changing government mind-set and explore its role as an innovation enabler. • Inter-disciplinary studies in Science & Technology are to be undertaken in order to encourage new approaches and methodologies. • Decreasing education cost for doing Phds and providing scholarships to motivate students to go for R&D. • To revitalise research in universities and give an impetus to public funded research, enacting a legislation that would give universities and research institutions ownership and patent rights over inventions arising out of government funded research.
  6. 6. Presentation summary Challenges and Risks Mitigation Factors • It takes a very long time for any outcome. • Mindset of people is hard to change. • Government policies change with changing government every 5 year. • Large sum of capital to be invested. • Chances of success in first try are least probable. • Insufficient current research institution’s funds. • The government could retain the right to a non-exclusive, non-transferable, irrevocable paid up license to practice the invention throughout the world. • For universities and research institutions, revenue generating incentives lie in ownership and control over the fruits of research generated out of government funds. This should encourage filing patents in their own name and entering into commercialization processes with industry. • Decreasing gap between the culture of academe and the realities of the marketplace.
  7. 7. References • Reports of National Knowledge Commission • Recommendations of National Knowledge Commission • www.wikipedia.org • www.google.co.in • Census data of India and other countries.