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  1. 1. Stepping Stones:Stepping Stones:Stepping Stones:Stepping Stones: Enhancing the quality of primary education
  2. 2. Primary education is the first stage of formal education. The main objective of quality primary education is to inculcate basic knowledge about reading, writing and arithmetic among the children. It is expected that after the successful completion of the primary level of education, a pupil should be able to read, write, and solve simple arithmetic problem. In the year 1950, when the Constitution of India was adopted, education was recognized as a basic individual right. Directive Principles of State Policy, Article 45, states that “the state shall endeavor to provide within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years” (The Constitution of India). Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. It is preceded by pre-school or nursery education and is followed by secondary education. In this stage of education is usually known as elementary education and is generally followed by middle school. What is primary education?
  3. 3. PROBLEM Sufficient school but Insufficient teachers.Sufficient school but Insufficient teachers. Uneducated parent are not interested for theirs children's education. Unawareness for future. Poor infrastructure - few schools especially in rural and remote tribal areas.Those that are there have poor classrooms, no compounds, no latrines and no drinking water facilities. In many states across India, children have just moved into a new class.The excitement of a new school year is still in the air. New textbooks are being distributed; notebooks and stationery are being bought. Summer vacations have begun. On the eve of these new beginnings, hopes run high for all that children will learn in another year of school. But how much can we expect that they’ll actually learn?
  4. 4. Cause of Problem • Most of the primary schools are shelterless. • The schools with buildings have insufficient accommodation. • Students mostly sit on mats/tats. • Low pupil-teacher ratio. • Textbooks for teachers, which contain the methods for teaching for every unit of the curriculum, are not provided in time. • Teaching aids are very old. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is still not used for teaching in primary education which is recognized as very effective for learning. • The teachers of public schools often participate in political activity or other profitable activity rather than concentrating in teaching the pupils. • Resource materials are never provided in adequate quantity.
  5. 5. Cont… • Most of rural areas of India have their own local dialect. In many states the use of mother tongue as medium of instruction is not followed strictly.This is particularly so in case of the students belonging to linguistic minorities.The students belonging to the linguistic minorities have to study in the language of the linguistic majority of the state. • Political nature of appointment of the primary teachers is largely responsible for poor quality of teaching. • Community support is at the very low. • A high absentee rate of the students in primary school particularly in rural areas. • Co-curricular activities have not been given due importance as the teachers of the primary schools particularly of public schools and rural areas consider them as wastage of valuable time.As a result, making learning a fun for the students is not done. • Inspection system for primary education has become only a ritual. •Curriculum of primary education is hardly matches the surroundings of the students in which they live.As a result, students often suffer from fish-out-of-water syndrome leading to a high drop-out rate.
  7. 7. Government Response 1st Officer : I am listening such type of case for a first time? 2nd Officer : Don’t worry it is a small problem . Teacher : Officers are doing (after some day) 1st Officer : Don’t worry it is a small problem.Actually I forget to take a action. This time definitely I will 2nd Officer: 1st officer is doing Teacher : No official order (such type of procedure is a common continuing procedure and student are suffering a lot)
  8. 8. Proposed Solution Counselling with parents INCREASE IN SCHOOLS FOR SPECIAL CHILDREN AND ALSO IN TEACHERS FOR SPECIAL KIDS Bring school close to children INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF SCHOOLS: Most of the Indian population lives in villages which are small and situated at great distances from one another. It is not possible to open schools in every village due to lack of funds, therefore the compulsory education is receiving a great set-back Reforms in Curriculum: It is also necessary to introduce reforms in the curriculum of primary education along with the efforts to develop and make it compulsory. The traditional and unilateral course should be changed and a local craft should be included in it so that it may become more interesting and helpful to children. Provision ofTeachers: It cannot be considered a wise step to postpone or slow down the program of compulsory education till enough trained teachers were available. To meet this difficulty giving training to untrained teachers possessing average efficiency should be employed to start the work.
  9. 9. Cont…Cont… •Training of teachers and administrators of ICT. •District Institute of Education andTraining (DIETs) and State Council of Educational Research andTraining (SCERT) need to be more strengthened and undergo structural changes. •Establishment of a National Primary Education Assessment system like National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) for Higher education. •Strengthening the teacher training institution. • Reform in examination system. •Proficiency in English is widely perceived as an important avenue for employment and upward knowledge, which also greatly facilitates the pursuit of higher education. English should be incorporated into the curriculum of primary schools as a language subject. •Optimizing the pupil teacher ratio. •Developing new teaching learning strategies. •Developing the infrastructure of primary education. •Appointment of duly qualified teachers in primary level. • Appointment of female teachers and teachers in disadvantaged and rural areas. Local qualified applicants need to be preferred. •District based educational planning and implementation body needs to be formed. •Also decrease the extra workload of teachers(building, mdm, cashbook etc)
  10. 10. Implementation, Impact and Merit of the solution 1.Student can get a better education 2.It will create a good relationship between the parents and teachers 3.Create a good impact on non educated people 4.Teacher can also teach in a better way 5.System will work positively in a goodway 6.Finally all will be benefitted.
  11. 11. Challenges and Mitigation Factors A vast mass of teachers may have to change, transfer and disqualified through new rules and agenda which make a proper impact on the system. Untrained teacher possessing average efficiency have to give training. To make aware of all rules and regulation, curriculum the parents, teachers and student . To council the parents . Making new rules and a vast academic change in less time. Making a good ratio of primary and upper primary school. 1
  12. 12. APPENDIX 1.Constitution of India 2.The Times of India Newspaper Article 3.Fun2video.com(picture) 4.Quality Issues in Elementary Education(SSA) 5.wikipedia