Walk To Equality:
Ensuring Safety And
Empowerment of Women
Rashmi Ranjan Panda & Group
Eastern Academy Of Science & Technology
What is Women empowerment???
Women in India consistently lag behind the men in terms of
access to education, health care, jobs etc.
Apart from the economic and social inequality, women in
India are victims of heinous crimes such as, dowry deaths,
rape, molestation and immoral
Thus the upliftment of women in
social as well as economic level is
termed as “Women Empowerment”.
In India, women are facing different obstacles in
male-dominated cultures. The things are related to
women’s status and their future.
Indian women are slowly getting empowerment in
the sectors like education, politics, industries, the
work force and even more power within their own
The worth of civilization can be arbitrated by the
place given to women in the society.
More, we have come across a more image of
Need for Women’s Empowerment
In spite of India’s reputation for respecting
women, including treating her as a Goddess,
history tells us that women were also ill-treated.
There was no equality between men and women.
Now the women society has lost its right to speak,
right to make decision and right to explore the
They are forced to loss their respect and
independence in this male dominated society.
Status of Women in India…
Crimes against women occur every minute;
every day and throughout the year, though
several such crimes go unreported.
According to National Crimes Records
Bureau, Government of India, there were
over 32,000 murders, 19,000 rapes, 7,500
dowry deaths and 36,500 molestation cases
are the violent crimes against women during
Madhya Pradesh is worst off among the
states, the national capital New Delhi
continues to remain the most unsafe city in
Crimes Against Women…
Equal access to participation and decision making
of women in social, political and economic life of
the nation is termed as “Gender equality”.
The goal gender equality is to bring about the
advancement, development and empowerment of
This is widely disseminated so
as to encourage active
participation of all stakeholders
for achieving its goals.
The underlying causes of gender
inequality are related to social
and economic structure, which is
based on informal and formal norms
Some steps have been taken to achieve our goal i.e. gender equality
and women empowerment by
(i)Creating an environment through positive economic and social
policies for full development of women to enable them to realize their
(ii) Giving opportunity to enjoy all human rights and fundamental
freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres – political,
economic, social, cultural and civil.
(iii)Equal accessing to women to health care, quality education at all
levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal
remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public
(iv) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of
discrimination against women.
Some steps taken…
(v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all
forms of discrimination against women.
(vi) Changing societal attitudes and community practices by
active participation and involvement of both men and
(vii) Mainstreaming a gender perspective
in the development process.
(viii) Elimination of discrimination and all
forms of violence against women and
the girl child.
(ix) Building and strengthening partnerships
with civil society, particularly women’s
Some impacts of the steps
taken by the Government…
Improves in personal
Self– defining power
Personal power authenticity
Physical strength equality
Mutuality in relationships
Political power in society
Individuals change: Poor
women become actors for
change, able to analyse their
own lives, make their own
decisions and take their own
actions. Women and men
gain ability to act by building
awareness, skill, knowledge,
confidence and experience.
Structures change: Women and
men, individually and
collectively challenge the
routines, laws conventions,
family forms, kinship
structures and taken-for-
granted behaviours that shape
their lives – the accepted forms
of power and how these are
Relations change: Women and men form new
relations with other social actors, form coalitions
and develop mutual support in order to negotiate,
be agents of change, alter structures and so realize
rights, dignity and livelihood security.
Steps to be taken for the safety
and empowerment of women…
1. The Hindu- Opinion Sept, 15 2012.
2. National Policy For The Empowerment of Women (2001).
3. National Crime Records Bureau, http://ncrb.nic.in/CD-CII2011/cii-
4. Janaki, N. (1996). Women and Law in Colonial India: A Social History,
Delhi, Kali for Women (published in collaboration with the National Law
School of India University, Bangalore)
5. Mahajan, V.D. (2010). Modern Indian History, S. Chand Publication, Delhi
6. Pandey, J.N. Constitution of India (pdfebooks)
7. Women’s Development in India: Problems and Prospects, Delhi (2007),