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  2. 2. MALNUTRITION The condition that develops when the body doesn't get the right amount of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and other organs. According to UNICEF One in every three malnourished children in the world lives in India. Malnutrition limits development and the capacity to learn. It also costs lives: about 50 per cent of all childhood deaths are attributed to malnutrition. Malnutrition in early childhood has serious, long-term consequences because it impedes motor, sensory, cognitive, social and emotional development. Malnourished children are less likely to perform well in school and more likely to grow into malnourished adults, at greater risk of disease and early death. Around one-third of all adult women are underweight. Inadequate care of women and girls, especially during pregnancy, results in low- birth weight babies. Nearly 30 per cent of all newborns have a low birth weight, making them vulnerable to further malnutrition and disease. FEMALES ARE MORE PRONE TO MALNUTRITION THAN MALES DUE TO THEIR LOW SOCIAL STATUS. 2
  3. 3. Why even after becoming one of the largest economies our country is considered home of the biggest population of malnourished individuals? Facts, figures and details aside lets focus on dealing with this major obstacle in the development of India. 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 How it should be How it really is Malnutrition 1990 2000 2010 3 The recent statistics via various surveys & census gives a clear indication that despite of many EFFORTS by Government and NGO’s malnutrition is still deepening its roots in India.
  4. 4. Programs to address the causes of malnutrition in India Midday meal scheme in Indian schools  Integrated child development scheme National Children's Fund National Plan of Action for Children United Nations Children's Fund Also the National Rural Health Mission was also created. The Food security Bill is another effort by the government in this direction. Recently the issues regarding the urban malnutrition is gaining pace. These programs though effective have not been able to be implemented fully from grass root level. 4
  5. 5. Solutions : •Provide food coupons to labors along with their wages.Food coupons •Setting up micro farms between a group of houses.Micro farms •Educating them regarding the need of balanced diet.Education 5
  6. 6. Food coupons: It’s a shame that the wages earned by the laborers is spent on smoking, drinking, gambling and other addictions instead of being spent on providing nutritious food to their family. By providing food coupons to the laborers by reducing some amount of their wages we can ensure that they might be able to get proper nutrition for themselves and their family. How to implement : In the first month these coupons will be distributed on trial bases. After the responses and data are collected this model will be developed further into different regions and necessary amendments will be made. At least this ensures that the children and pregnant woman in the family of the laborers will be able to procure proper food. 6
  7. 7. Setting up micro farms The people under poverty line must be educated to setup small farms in their locality of the essential grains and vegetables. For setting this up they will be provided with seeds and fertilizers at subsidized rates by the government. It is also imperative to manage and minimize fluctuations in food grains production, alienation of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes, and migration from villages/agriculture to urban areas/non-agricultural vocations. Marginal and small farmers should be provided wherewithal to optimize their food production for their food self-reliance; whereas the landless tillers should be provided minimum an acre of agricultural land per household along with wherewithal for its cultivation under rapid land reforms to enable them to achieve food self-reliance and overcome hunger and malnutrition. 7
  8. 8. Education There should setting up of a special sector by the government whose aim will be to educate the people to eat a healthy and balanced diet. Still there is a majority of population in India that lives on only one type of food product everyday resulting in inadequate supply of nutrients. The new agenda of providing pregnant women the necessary nutrients by the government must be improved and made more practiced at grass root level. The state government must ensure that strategies like the mid day meal are availed to all and implemented properly. 8
  9. 9. THANK YOU Reference: 9 “Malnutrition is a chain that holds lack our progress, lets pledge to break the shackles to free India from malnutrition”