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  1. 1. Stepping Stones: Enhancing the quality of primary education Team Leader : - Dhirendra Rajak. Team Member : - Vivek Rajyaguru, Manish Sammuk, Kshitiz Agrawal, Anilkumar. Team Details Indian School of Mines , Dhanbad.
  2. 2. Problems arises due to lack of quality education • Increase in unemployment • Low numbers of productive people involved in economic growth. • Increase in crime level even after increase in literacy rate. • Increase in poverty. • We are far behind the world in field of education . • We have lowest literacy rate among BRICS nation. • We are considered as one of the largest emerging economy after China.But the most people are not contributing the economic growth . Causes of low quality of literacy rates • Lack of infrastructure. • Lack of political will. • Poverty • Overpopulation • Less effective teacher –students interaction . Our current system lacks many things but also the fact is that we are not utilizing the current resources. Since children at villages mostly guided by teacher and once lacks interaction then how can he/she gain quality education ?
  3. 3. Lack of teacher – student interaction Poor teaching skills of teachers Extra burden on teachers Poor environment for study Low teachers to student ratio Lack of pre- primary & upper primary school Causes lack of interest in subjects, gradually degrading the quality . Teachers should only employed for teaching . Teachers are involved in various activities like conducting survey,updating voter list etc. 55% of schools lagging standard teacher to student ratio(46:1) as per government. But RTE permits 30:1 ratio. Private schools have pre-primary classes and thus better quality. Parent think ,what student can do only by gaining primary education. Social economic Lack of awareness Isolate child due to discrimination problem Force child for child labour Family problems
  4. 4. Quantity and Quality enhancement of teacher along with environment Implementation model Advantage over existing system • Main schools are selected(preferably equidistant) and created at panchayat levels which assist 5,6or 7 primary schools. • Volunteers for awareness programme ,conducting survey and assisting for conducting exam under supervision of inspectors. • On student attendance basis, job preference for their guardian under various schemes. • Exam schedule for primary classes should be conduted at block level. • Training of teachers should be given at district level. • Large no. of volunteers are drawn from local colleges/institutes - paid and unpaid volunteers. • Training programmes for teachers at various levels for improving skills. • Teacher salary increment on basis of performance. • Computer aided programme such as stories with moral values are shown,various skill development programme. • Recruitment of teachers for fulfilling the requirement of teacher to student ratio. • Improvement in environment for education and no. of absentee decreases. • Teachers will only concentrate on teaching and performance will increase. • Quality and efforts of teacher increase. • Awareness programme increases the transparency of system. • Upper primary schools facilities available with in 2-3kms with significant increase in upper primary to primary school ratio.
  5. 5. Volunteers Inspectors District level Persons who are recruited Paid :-locally matriculed persons are to be recruited (on attendance basis) at panchayat level . Unpaid:-Students above matriculation enrolled in colleges/institutions(by NCC/NSO/NSS programme) . Graduate people are employed through exam and trained for the purpose. Retired civil services people & Retired teachers. Numbers of recruitment 8-10 paid volunteers should be recruited (block level) temporarily (for 1 yr.) 2 groups of unpaid volunteers(10-12) at main school level on yearly for monthly aware programmes 2-3 inspectors at every block level(f0r academy , awareness & survey data evaluation to generate report) Retired state civil service(1) & retired teacher(1) Purpose for recruitment Paid volunteers are for survey purpose & helps inspector in exam conduction. Unpaid for awareness program & old book collection for library. For inspection. For fair exam conduction. For training of paid volunteers. For training of inspectors at block level. For data evaluation For appointment of principal & model schools. Volunteers network
  6. 6. Implementation of solutions Main schools are set up at panchayat levels with respective principals Basic infrastructure of main school comprises- • Electricity • Main library(circulated among cluster school ) • Computer (portable ) facilities • Internet • Upper primary school(for cluster schools ) Cluster of 5,6or 7 schools for primary education guided by main school under which it lies. Each primary school has Headmaster appointed by principal. For creating competitive environment Competitions among main schools for the Model School at Block level Model school should be awarded. Competitions on basis of attendance and academic performance of students.
  7. 7. Implementation of solutions • Attendance of student and teacher –guardian meeting should be sent to principal through headmaster and further to panchayat & block (via online) for data evaluation. • Oral and writing test of students in each month should be conducted. • Report of each meeting should be sent to panchayat level & block level. • Panchayat deals with poor attendance of guardian and student. • Jobs (% seat are reserved for this purpose) to a member from each family at block level is given on the basis of priority of attendance of above. • Principal have the responsibility of management of cluster schools (in case teacher shortage or absence, students should be engaged in computer based teaching). • Teachers increment should be done on the basis of performance of student (include say with 60% attendance) & online test of teacher at district or block. • Survey team & awareness team will report to principal & data of survey should be given to panchayat & block. • Teachers are trained at various levels during vacations:- 1)By principal at main school 2)By senior teachers at district level
  8. 8. Training module Curriculum Scalability And Sustainability Trained under district level people. At Government colleges Computer skills Communication skills Management skills Trained under principal & inspectors . At main school/block level Govt. building. Basic communication & computer skills. Trained under principal & Inspectors. Trained in colleges & under principal. Basic communication skills and nukkad natak Inspectors Paid volunteers Unpaid volunteers People are locally employed. Attendance of student increases since job(for 1 yr.) is on priority of attendance , thus different people are employed. Involvement of panchayat for creating environment for study. Trainee module
  9. 9. Principal of main school Headmaster(1)Teachers(2-4) Panchayat Block level inspection team for all schools at block(2-3) For awareness: -Unpaid volunteers(10-12) For survey:-Paid volunteers (8-10) District control system for data storage and evaluation of data(2) State level Primary schools (5-7 in nos.) Salient features • Formation of main school leads to increase in Upper primary school to primary school ratio with enhanced quality. • Locally employed people. • Increase in awareness level. • Teachers teaching effectively Organisation chart
  10. 10. Impact & reach Programme cover about 10,00,000 government schools under 650 districts and about 6500 blocks DISE Volunteers network About 2Mn paid volunteers About 1.5Mn unpaid volunteers About 3Mn teachers About 1500 block inspectors. 650 retired civil/defence services & retired teachers Impact on society Yearly based employment at block level. Large number of volunteers learn & enhanced their communication & computer skills. Large no. of volunteers involved in productive work. Awareness level of society increases. • Paid matriculated volunteers can take training for some specific purpose of job by saving their money. • Peoples are motivated for matriculation. Mostly available not need to be recruited
  11. 11. Total funding required includes :- • Salary for paid volunteers. • Fare of transportation cost . • Funding of basic infrastructure at schools. Implementation Challenges:- • Coordination between panchayat and principal. • Conduction of fair exams at block level. • Drawing of volunteers. Concept risk :- • Defining member of a particular family is difficult in joint families for job priority. • If family has more than one children with different %age of attendance in schools ,then least %age of attendance is considered for priority Mitigation factors:- Involvement of volunteers through participation of - NGO’s/ Private institution/ high schools /colleges.
  12. 12. References- Report on the system of education in India-Nordic Recognition Inforfation Centres . Retrived from Teach for India:India’s education crisis.retrived from us/india-education-crisis QUALITY AND EXCELLENCE IN TEACHER EDUCATION: ISSUE & CHALLENGES IN INDIA by ASHRAF IMAM* 388 Report on statistics by Vishal Jain. Retrived from ASER 2012 report .Retrived from- 2012report.pdf Define quality education.Retrived from Decentralising education_ Evidence from the BRICs _ vox