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  1. 1. MANTHAN TOPIC : SUNRISE STATES Building a model to realize the growth potential of North-East Team Details: SHRESTHI GARG AMBICA MITAL SHREYAA GAUTAM PRIYA GUPTA BHAWNA KAUSHIK
  2. 2. High literacy rates and Still High unemployment ! STATES LITERAC Y RATE * Arunachal Pradesh 70.33 Assam 72.19 Manipur 79.85 Meghalaya 75.84 Mizoram 91.58 Nagaland 79.55 Sikkim 82.2 Tripura 87.3 India 74.04 *Source: NSSO(2006) “Employment and Unemployment Situation in India 2004-05” Report no.515 STATISTICS •The number of people in the North- East claiming jobseekers allowance stood at 93,400 or 7.7 per cent, compared to 4.7 per cent nationally. •The region’s jobless total stood at 125,000 or 9.7 per cent – a fall of 2,000 - for the final quarter of 2012. •At current trends it is predicted that in the decade of 2011-2021 there will be only 2.6 million jobs for 17 million job seekers in the North Eastern Region. STATES YOUTH UNEMPLOY MENT RATE (URBAN)* YOUTH UNEMPLOY MENT RATE ( RURAL)* AP 4 5.6 ASSAM 23.3 9.7 MANIPUR 19.3 3.9 MEGHALAY A 12.5 0.8 MIZORAM 4.9 1.3 NAGALAND 27.7 14.9 SIKKIM 8 7 TRIPURA 61.4 33 INDIA 11.9 5.7
  3. 3. Connectivity Resolved here. To know more about the internal issues urging in those states some competitions must be organized for the under graduates in a way much similar to Manthan. Further in the form of: • Debates • Extempore • Group discussions • Writing Competitions. etc Note: A series of seminars must be conducted by various learned people around the nation so that they me get to interact more closely with the teachers and students of NER. In turn helping in increasing the connectivity. Present export is 0.004%. Connectivity through road network is implemented. Increased trade and commerce. Reduced boundaries. Proper exposure for the states Gates for industrialization opened. Tourism will open great opportunities for the states. Will give a rise to economy. Various programs to increase tourism must be introduced : • Advertisements 1. Television 2. Newspapers 3. Magazines 4. Radio 5. internet • Brand ambassador for each states. Tourism will come out as a connecting agent for north eastern states with other state of India.
  4. 4. BRINGING IN NEW OPPORTUNITIES TO INCREASE THE ECONOMY. • Skilled education more employment more revenues. • Agriculture. • Hydro power give rise to industrial development. • Tourism • Indulge the volunteers to harness the untapped natural resources in that region, vocational programs . • Trade and commerce. • Promotion of handicrafts • Increasing production and export of resources available abundance in these states eg: bamboo, rubber.
  5. 5. Step 1: We will create awareness among the people. “A Rainbow Region—extraordinarily diverse and colorful , mysterious when seen through parted clouds” Advantage over Existing System ImplementationCreating Awareness • Awareness programs. • Equality and equal opportunity driven programs for the civilians of the state. • Instigating unity in diversity . • Introducing issues pertaining to problems in NER in school textbooks. • NGOs must be brought in action through ‘Nukkad’ plays at every nook of the region . come up to instill the feeling of equality in the highly backward regions of the state. • Sustainable distribution of land . • Volunteers should come up to instill the backward regions of the state. • Creating awareness
  6. 6. Building Network Of volunteers. Graduates Commoners Retired Defense Personnel Rationale to select the group • Easy to tap into by contacting major colleges. • Enthusiastic youth will be a great match to this work. • They will possess better perspective of what is the current scenario • Experience • Wider view of problems • Good decision making Number 20,000 40,000 10,000 Skills imparted • Proficiency in English language. • Computer training. • Management skills and team work training. • Proficiency in English language. • Computer training. • Proficiency in English language. • Computer training.
  7. 7. Government Central Management System Management Head Development Chief (12 FTEs) Technology Chief (4 FTEs) Media Chief (3 FTEs) Infrastructure Chief (6 FTEs) Recruitment and Training Chief (3 FTEs) Educational Chief (8 FTEs) Social Development (25 FTEs) Economic Development (15 FTEs) NGO’s (10FTEs) Fig.: Organizational structure of 86 FTEs Step 2: Implementation
  8. 8. Total Cost Management Cost Technology Cost Infrastructure Cost Management Head (1FTE x 10LPA) City Controller (36 FTE x 4.5LPA) Regional Controller (50 FTE x 4LPA) Software Cost Hardware Cost Communication Cost Maintenance Cost Construction Cost Transportation Cost 4.8 Cr. 1 Cr. 5,000 Cr. Fig. Total Cost incurred
  9. 9. Impact of the implementation phase Number of people recruited. More agriculture and connectivity will increase Industrialization the region and hence problem of unemployment will decrease. Increase in agriculture By emphasizing on the fertility of land .Agriculture will Increase and hence the economy and employment of the Region. Increase in export Since we are focusing on the connectivity of the region with the bordering countries chances of more export will be there. Increase in connectivity with other states of the nation. Building more Roads ,bridges and improving the railway network through this model will help the region to be more connected with rest of India. Increase in economy . Increase in employment ratio. Better living standards. Stable political scenario.
  10. 10. Challenges and risks Concept Risks • Government or corporates do not see the viability of funding this model • Unemployed youth do not see the value such programs. • Lack of awareness and lack of patriotism among the people. • Language barriers. • Hilly terrain leads to difficult road network development. • High cost in establishing infrastructure for various purposes since an earthquake prone area. Implementation challenges • Difficulty in integrating with government infrastructure and Institutions • High development cost. • Project development and training needs a massive effort.
  11. 11. APPENDIX • Government of India (1997) Transforming the North East, High Level Commission report to the Prime Minister, Planning Commission • Madhab, J. (1999) North east:” Crisis of Identity, Security and Underdevelopment” Economic and political Weekly Feb 6 • Sachdeva,G. (2005) Preparing the North Eastern Economy for the Future Eastern Quarterly, Vol 3 Issue III Oct- Dec, • Sarma,A.(2006) “Why the North eastern states continue to decelerate” • Serialised in Imphal Free Press, January • Shetty,S.L. (2006) “ Growth of SDP and Structural changes in the state economies: Interstate Comparisons” in Uma Kapila edt (2006) Indian economy since Independence : Academic Foundation. • Singh, E.Bijoykumar & N.Bhupendra Singh (2007) “Nature of Unemployment and Employment in the North east: A case Study of Manipur “ ICCSR sponsored project , Manipur University