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  1. 1. .
  2. 2. “Problem of malnutrition is a matter of national shame.” Shameful Facts • Despite India’s remarkable economic growth over the last decade, many children still struggle to meet their most basic needs, including access to sufficient food and health care. • 33% of the world’s malnourished children live in India. • In India, 48% of children under the age of 5 are stunted and 43% are underweight. • Malnutrition is costing the Indian economy 2.95% of its GDP annually. • Importantly with 43% of children underweight ( with a weight deficit for their age) rates of child underweight in India are twice higher than the average figure in sub-Saharan Africa (22%). Causes of Malnutrition
  3. 3. Consequences of Malnutrition •Nearly 9 million children die every year before the age of five – that is nearly one child every three seconds across the world. •Every 25 seconds, an Indian child dies unnecessarily because of poor nutrition. • Malnutrition is a contributing factor in over 50% of deaths in children under five”- World Bank
  4. 4. Multi-stakeholder platform brings people together which can help in reduction of Malnutrition Technical Community United Nations Government Partners Civil Society Donors Business
  5. 5. Align other sectors with nutrition goals The multi-stakeholder platform Works to align and coordinate action across sectors. Women’s Empowerment Health Development & Poverty Reduction Agriculture Education Social Protection
  6. 6. Prioritise the 1,000-day window 3.1 million children die every year due to malnutrition. An additional 165 million children who manage to survive malnutrition in their early years experience stunted growth and cognitive development, undermining their future productivity and therefore income. We need to focus on nutrition of mothers and children during a child’s first 1,000 days, an effort that can have long-term consequences for growth, health and intellectual capacity.
  7. 7. Bring girls’ health into focus More than one in four children born in low- and middle-income groups in India are underweight for their age. In addition, most pregnant women cannot access nutrition services until the fifth or sixth month of their pregnancies, if at all. As a result, their children start their lives already malnourished. If we prioritise the health of women and girls, we can boost general nutrition, reduce pregnancy complications and boost fetal growth and development.
  8. 8. Expand reach through community health workers • . Community health worker programs offer a prime opportunity to increase already successful nutrition programs’ coverage and provide services to populations who presently lack access. Several countries, including Ethiopia, have already started investing in community health worker programs to promote maternal and child health and nutrition with great success. Community health workers hold great promise to bring nutrition services to those most vulnerable to malnutrition, and their capacity to carry out this work should therefore be strengthened.
  9. 9. Implementation: The Thing in which we always lack Midday meal scheme in Indian schools Integrated child development scheme National Children's Fund National Plan of Action for Children National Rural Health Mission United Nations Children's Fund We have 6 schemes already in place . The solutions can be made by working in existing framework but with newer methods like community health workers who will work like BPO official . Any one can complain , suggest or coordinate with them. Service sector can also play important role by providing 24 hour helpline . IT companies can also help in bringing the adequate data to minimize the problem. Rather than thinking of vote bank politics the central and state governments should work on implementation. A Special committee should be formed including officials from the central and state governments to work towards eradicating this problem. We also need to hold policymakers accountable to their commitments to nutrition progress and harness the global momentum on nutrition to produce more effective programs
  10. 10. The solutions have key fundamental and implementation risks Fundamental risks Mishandling of funds Lack of responsibility No awareness and lack of knowledge among people about schemes Implementation Risks Difficulty in integrating with government schemes Lack of community health workers Lack of coordination among sectors for nutrition goals.
  11. 11. How these solutions would impact? • If these solutions are implemented properly we can reduce the number of chronically undernourished children by millions. • Reduction in Malnutrition would lead to more productivity and increase in innovation which would lead to growth of the country in long run.
  12. 12. Sources • ^ "World Bank Report". Source: The World Bank (2009). Retrieved 2009-03-13. "World Bank Report on Malnutrition in India“ • ^ "2011 Global Hunger Index Report". International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). • ^ "World Bank Report". Source: The World Bank 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-25. "India Country Overview 2009“ • " ^ "Journal of the American Medical Association". Source: JAMA 2004. Retrieved 2009-11-26. "The global burden of chronic diseases" ^ "Malnutrition". Retrieved 13 February 2012. ^ • "The Indian exception". The Economist. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012. ^ "Putting the smallest first". The Economist. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2012.