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  1. 1. Future Cities “A Carbon neutral city is my dream….” -Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Aditya Yadav (TC), Akshita Joshi, Shreshthi Prasad, Simran Sappal, Manish Kharkwal “Ensuring World Class Civic Amenities in Urban India” The Sustainable City A milepost to the Future
  2. 2. In Delhi , congested roadways waste 30 lakh litres of fuel worth Rs. 11.5 crores every day. • 340 million Indians live in cities today and every minute 30 leave rural India for the cities. • 590 million people will live in cities by 2030, nearly twice the population of United States today. • POPULATION GROWTH IN URBAN AREAS DUE TO MIGRATION:- • Solid waste Management in cities: As per CPCB report brought out in 2005 about 1, 15,000 MT of Municipal Solid Waste is generated daily in the country. However, scientific disposal of the waste generated is almost non-existent. • Urban Transport: In India none of the cities provide a class 1 public transport facility . • Urban Housing: As per Census of India, 2001, 52.4 million people lived in slums in 1743 towns which constitutes 23.5% of the population of these towns. • Ecology: Sustainability, Energy, Air pollution, Spatial Change: Density versus Urban Sprawl 2001 2004 2008 2012 % growth urban % growth rural
  3. 3. • Urban unemployment higher than rural unemployment • Rural unemployment at 7% is lower than urban unemployment at 14% • Hypothesis: Migration from rural to urban is a reason for unemployment due to unavailability of more jobs.  DECADE OF DECLINE:- Migration leading to slums due to unavailability of houses for poor in cities. • Water Supply: The urban water supply is beset with problems relating to coverage, quality, poor operation ,maintenance and sustainability. • So far, there has been little or no thrust on conserving water either in the mega cities or in the smaller ones. • Only 39 cities qualified on all three basic tests conducted to check water quality out of 423 cities. • For example, Delhi claims to supply water at the rate of 225 lpcd whereas cities like London supply only 150 lpcd.
  4. 4. A CARBON FREE CITY Successfully incorporating sustainable urban planning and development into how cities and towns around the world operate is a crucial part of the global response to climate change and to improving energy security  In future city solid waste strategy seeks to minimize waste to landfill and maximize the resource potential of waste material by reuse, recycling, composting and recovery of energy. Creating any sustainable urban development or re-development requires a unique focus across all areas of design, development and operation. Five of the most important are: planning and design, power, water, transport and supply chain.
  5. 5. SMARTER TRANSPORT LEADING TO BETTER CITIES • A public transport system of electric buses, electric cars, and other clean- energy vehicles will provide transport within the city, while light rail and Metro lines will pass through the centre of Future City, providing transport within the city and serving as a link to the wider metropolitan area. Most private vehicles will be kept at the city’s edge in parking lots that will be linked by public transportation to the rest of the city. PRT – WORLDS SMARTEST PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM CARRY 3 TO 6 PASSENGERS REDUCED POLLUTION (ELECTRIC POWERED) FULLY AUTOMATED INCLUDING CONTROL, ROUTING & COLLECTION OF FARES. Automated transit (APMs): 100X safer than driving & at- grade transit personal rapid transit A series of computer-driven vehicles known as pods provide convenient and comfortable transport for up to four passengers, along with personal items such as luggage and shopping.
  6. 6. PRT(Personal Rapid Transit) • . • No-wait, 5-min journey where Bus journey was of 15 minutes. • Eliminates 50,000 bus trips per year, 213 tons of CO2 • Zero local emissions, zero NOX • 900 passenger trips per day, 22h operation Benefits Unsolicited Tweets “Best airport transfer devices ever” “quicker, easier and greener than the buses” “Awesome sci-fi system” “Soooo cool!! Addicting!!” “Geek transportation par excellence!” “Fantastic. Epochal. Could not be more excited.” One of the advantages of a PRT network is that it offers a lot of flexibility. It’s much less expensive than traditional transit. It doesn’t serve the same needs as high-speed rail or BART metro. It’s a complement to those systems. Capacity per PRT "loop" Headway (seconds) 4 3 2 1 vph (20% MT) 720 960 1440 2880 4 ppv 2880 3840 5760 11520 Capacity per station berth load/unload 30 sec trips/hr 120 pax/hr 480personal rapid transit
  7. 7. $7M - $15M Cost per KM • Cost function = f • { – System size (larger is cheaper because of fixed costs) – Station Density (more stations/mile => higher cost) – Peak hour trip demand (more demand => more vehicles) – Guide way: • Elevated • At-grade • Tunnel • Culvert • Cantilever • Bi-directional • Seismic requirements • “Curviness” – Stations: “fancy” costs more – Vehicle customizations. – Desired average passenger wait time (shorter wait => more vehicles) • }. Comparison b/w PRT and existing transportation system Other systems PRT cost $664M $95-190M wait, trip, walk, transfers 10+ min 4 min # stations 3 21 length 1.8 mi x2 12.6 mi construction disruptive Legos lay-down large small tunnel yes no personal rapid transit Lightweight infrastructure Convenience
  8. 8. • Continuous CCTV and black box monitoring of all pods and two-way communication with central control • An independent Automatic Vehicle Protection system that protects against pod collision on the guide way • Safety interlocks between the brakes, motor and doors • Emergency exits, smoke detectors and fire extinguishers fitted in all pods • Self-monitoring vehicles that identify possible maintenance issues before they arise • Emergency escape routes, suitable for evacuation on foot Ensuring the Comfort and Security of Passengers PRT Pod control roomIn PRT
  9. 9. first mile Train, HSR first mile Bus PRT system: share, rent, ride home Delivery services, Personal activities, Business services PRT system LAST MILE Walk Bike, scooter Short carpool pick up first mile Long carpool •Web/wireless coordination •Supportive policy context •Scale! Typical Benefits • Increase in property values • Reduction in traffic congestion • Fare revenue • Reduction in accidents • Reduction in emissions • Reduction in energy use • Time savings • Improved transit reliability Comprehensive, Integrated IMobility CONNECTING THE CITY IMPLEMENTING THE IDEAS
  10. 10. PRT WILL IMPACT THE LIVES OF MILLIONS AND THE GROWTH OF INDIA Increase in Employment Increase in GDP Effect the life of million people Increase in Tourism Pollution Decrease ECOFRIENDLY VEHICLE • It leads to employability in maintenance and construction department. • Traffic reduction :-  Saves valuable time of people.  That further helps to increase in GDP.  Noise reduction  Pollution reduction. Traffic reduction Reduction in emissions Silent vehicles Low visual impact Resource efficiency Energy efficiency A safe, secure and convenient mode of transport
  11. 11. Key Concept and Implementation Risks Challenges and Risks Mitigation factors • Funding from private sector. • Tighter integration with global level companies that could provide the best resources easily, • Collaboration with the private sector for further funding. • Funding from the developed countries and the world bank. Concept Risks Government or corporate do not see the viability of funding this project. Conventional Transit Procurement Process Scalability (Assurance that the initial system will scale up to the ultimate system - simulation modeling/verification) Niche Markets Vendor capabilities (Managerial, financial, technical, production, installation, operating and maintenance ) The compact nature of the system results in huge savings in infrastructure costs and resource usage.
  12. 12. •Wikipedia •Hindustan Construction Company Ltd •Mott MacDonald Limited •Mubadala Development Company •WORLDBANK •ECONOMICTIMES.INDIATIMES.COM •THE TIMES OF INDIA •Ultra Global Prt Reference