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  2. 2. The reality of women’s lives remains invisible to men and women alike and this invisibility persists at all levels beginning with the family to the nation. Although geographically men and women share the same space, they live in different worlds. The mere fact that “Women hold up half the sky”- does not appear to give them a position of dignity and equality. True, that over the years women have made great strides in many areas with notable progress in reducing some gender gaps. Yet, ‘the afflicted world in which we live is characterised by deeply unequal sharing of the burden of adversities between women and men’. Sprawling inequalities persist in their access to education, health care, physical and financial resources and opportunities in the political, economic, social and cultural spheres. SOME BASIC FACTS
  3. 3. WHY SOCIETY NEED WOMEN SAFETY !! About 10% of all the crimes committed in the country are those of women abuse. Women make up two-thirds of the estimated 876 million adults worldwide who cannot read or write 30 lakh girl children were lost to female infanticide during 2001-2011. A woman is raped every 20 minutes in India. After 60 years of independence, 1 in 3 women in India are still illiterate. Only 39.5% women in India are economically active, compared to 80% in China. Of the 1.3 billion people who live in absolute poverty around the globe, 70 percent are women. 10.9% of the female population owns land, and among agricultural workers the figure drops down to 9.3%. Less than 40% of women give birth in a health facility.
  4. 4. In 2001, the central government launched a comprehensive “National Policy for the Empowerment of Women.” The programme was ambitious and comprehensive with provisions to support women in agriculture and industry. It also aimed to provide education, health, nutrition and sanitation assistance and to reduce violence against women. While the policy has resulted in some progress over the last decade, it has been ineffective towards substantially improving the conditions for women. India still lags far behind its neighbours and other fast-developing economies in terms of gender equality. According to the 2012 Gender Inequality index from the United Nations Development Program, India was ranked at 132 out of 148 countries. Women-related programmes were a highlight of the 2013 Union budget but several women groups have stated that ineffective design makes these provisions hollow. AT A GLANCE…
  5. 5. Domestic violence can be defined as a pattern of behaviour in any relationship that is used to gain or maintain power and control over an intimate partner. Abuse can be physical, sexual, emotional, economic or psychological actions or threats of actions that influence another person. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
  6. 6. One in three ever married women report having been slapped by their husband. Between 12 and 15 % report having their arms twisted, being pushed, shaken, kicked, dragged, or beaten up, or having something thrown at them. 10% report that their husbands have physically forced them to have sex. Around two-third of married women in India were victims of domestic violence and one incident of violence translates into women losing seven working days in the country. One in seven ever married women have suffered physical injuries as a result of spousal violence. For most women who have ever experienced spousal violence, the violence first occurred within the first two years of their marriage. AN OVERVIEW ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE…
  7. 7. Husband Suspects wife is unfaithful Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland New Delhi Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Natal family does not give money Wife shows disrespect for in-laws Wife goes out without telling husband Wife neglects house or children Wife does not cook food properly Percentage of ever married women who agree with specific reasons for justifying a husband beating his wife by states, India
  8. 8. Female foeticide is the act of aborting a foetus because it is female. This is a major social problem in India and has cultural connections with the dowry system that is ingrained in Indian culture, despite the fact that it has been prohibited by law since 1961.
  9. 9. Every year one in 25 female foetuses are aborted. There are only 762 girls for 1000 boys, and one in every four girls are aborted. There are instances of women getting pregnant 11 times in a matter of years just to have a boy. It is estimated that more than 10 million female foetuses have been illegally aborted in India. 30 lakh girl children were lost to female infanticide during 2001- 2011. OVERVIEW ON FEMALE FOETICIDE
  10. 10. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 State- wise Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 Males) in India (As per 2011 Census)
  11. 11. Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse, which is initiated by one or more persons against another person without that person's consent. The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority or against a person who is incapable of valid consent.
  12. 12. Nearly 1 in 5 (18.3%) women reported experiencing rape at some time in their lives. Approximately 1 in 20 women and men (5.6% and 5.3%, respectively) experienced sexual violence other than rape. Among female rape victims, perpetrators were reported to be intimate partners (51.1%), family members (12.5%), acquaintances (40.8%) and strangers (13.8%). 13% of women reported they experienced sexual coercion at some time in their lives. In a study of undergraduate women, 19% experienced attempted or completed sexual assault since entering college. Among female victims of partner violence who filed a protective order, 68% reported they were raped by their intimate partner and 20% reported a rape-related pregnancy. FACTS AT A GLANCE ON RAPE CASES IN INDIA
  13. 13. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 State wise statistics on Rape Cases (As per 2009-2011 census) 2009 2010 2011 Source: NCRB ; PRS
  14. 14. The development of any nation or region is indicated by the level of education and that too of both genders. That is why ‘education for all’ is strongly recommended and focused on by our government. India has made a considerable progress in this sector and with all the efforts the literacy rate grew to 74.04% in 2011 from meagre 12% in 1947. But still the level is well below the world average literacy rate of 84%.
  15. 15. Females constitute about 50% of country’s human resource but lack of education snatches their chance to be a part of the progress and development of India. Poverty is the root cause of many problems in India and also of low female literacy rate as more than one-third of population in India is living below the poverty line. Another barrier to female education in India is the lack of female teachers. As India is a gender segregated society, it is a very important factor in the low female literacy rate in India. The negative attitude of parents towards the girl child and her education is one of the major reasons of low female literacy rate in India. WOMEN ILLITERACY: AT A GLANCE
  16. 16. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Jharkhand ArunachalPradesh Assam Bihar Goa Gujarat Haryana HimachalPradesh Jammu Karnataka Kerala MadhyaPradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland NewDelhi Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim TamilNadu Tripura UttarPradesh WestBengal AndhraPradesh Puducherry FemaleIlliteracyRate State wise Statistics on Female Literacy Rate (As per 2011 census)
  17. 17. IMPLIMENTATION OF THE PROGRAME THROUGH A JOINT VENTURE OF GOVERNMENT AND NGOs CONTROLLED BY FOUR TIER SYSTEM INDIVIDUALLY AND LINKED CENTRALLY. An overview on proposed solution • From Panchayat to National level there should be an additional organising body for women safety and empowerment. • At grass route level i.e., at Block and District level representative employers should be Female. • System works with the help of Police & Administrative service and within the limit of constitution. A Separate Department • The Governing and Non-Governing organisation operate together. • The Governing body operates the whole system in a chain rule according to their power. • Skilled Volunteers from different NGOs helps in surveying and awareness programs implemented by State/Central Government. Execution of program • As India is a gender segregated society, women hesitate to discuss their problems, but having separate female department she can share the problems without any hesitation. • As there is not much change in the current scenario, thus there is not much financial pressure on the Government. • Better implementation of various women safety program. Advantage over existing system
  18. 18. Implementation of authorities at various levels….. Chief Controller (PM) Minister of Home Affairs Minister of women and child development Chairperson of National Commission for women Leader of Opposition Two retired judges of Supreme Court CM/Represent ative of each State State Controller (CM) Minister of women & child development Home Secretary Leader of Opposition Two retired Judges of High Court One eminent social personality (Head of NGO) District Controller (Administrative Officer) Indian Police Service District Court Block Controller NGO Volunteers & Anganwadi Workers
  19. 19. At Block Level BLOCK CONTROLLER (Block Level) NGO VOLUNTEERS & ANGANWADI WORKERS (Village 1) NGO VOLUNTEERS & ANGANWADI WORKERS (Village 2) NGO VOLUNTEERS & ANGANWADI WORKERS (Village 3) NGO VOLUNTEERS & ANGANWADI WORKERS (Village 4)  Block Controller/ Officer can be appointed by state Government.  The Block Controller must be a Female and experienced one.  She should visit each village at least once in a week and should check out the execution of various women development program.  She should directly interact to the villagers, specially women, to know their problems.  Skilled Volunteers from different NGOs helps in surveying and awareness programs implemented by State/Central Government.  Anganwadi workers must take care of health and education of the village women.  Anganwadi workers and NGO volunteers should organise various awareness program.
  20. 20. At District Level Police Commissioner District Court District Controller is being appointed by state Government and mustbeafemaleofficer. AnycaseforwardedbyBlockControllerisbeingsolvedbyDistrict Controller. RegularmeetingsshouldbeorganisedbyDistrictControllerwith BlockControllersandPoliceCommissionerseparately. During meeting with District Controller, a discussionregarding properimplementationofGovernmentprogramtakesplace. Any crime related case should be forwarded to Police Commissioner. During meeting with police Commissioner, District Controller shouldtakereportofdifferentcasesthatarecurrentlyrunninginthe court. There should be a separate chamber in Police Station, which dealswithonlycasesrelatedtowomen. The Police Commissioner should register FIR and should take immediateaction. The state government should appoint separate lawyer for femalecasesineachDistrictCourt. ThecaseshouldbesolvedinFastTrackCourtwithinamonth.
  21. 21. At State Level State Controller (CM) Minister of women & child development Home Secretary Leader of Opposition Two retired Judges of High Court One eminent social personality (Head of NGO)  At State level there should be a committee consists of: •Minister of women and child development •Home Secretary •Leader of Opposition •Two retired Judges of High Court •One eminent social personality (Head of NGO)  Monthly meeting of the committee should held in which following discussion will takes place: • performance of lower level officials • improvement of existing programs • drawbacks of existing programs and their remedies. • as how to help female to get on the track of social and economical development. • create a portfolio on sex ratio, literacy rate, crime ratio etc.  The status of the current scenario must be forwarded by the CM to the higher authority.
  22. 22. At National Level Chief Controller (PM) Minister of Home Affairs Minister of women and child development Chairperson of National Commission for women Leader of Opposition Two retired judges of Supreme Court CM/Representative of each State  At National level there should be a committee consists of: •Minister of Home Affairs •Minister of women and child development •Chairperson of National Commission for women •Leader of opposition •Two retired judges of Supreme Court •CM/Representative of each State Monthly meeting of the committee should held in which following discussion will takes place: •Step should be taken according to the matters forwarded from the lower authority. •Involvement of any project, if necessary, should be implemented here. During the session of Parliament the minister for women and child development should keep the entire discussion in front of Hon’ble MPs.
  24. 24. Impact, Risk, Challenges and Mitigation Risks  Volunteer enrollment minimal and keep profession groups show no interest. Anganwadi workers show less interest due to their previous work load. Victim may hide their problems due to social pressure. Challenges Motivating people for women safety. Investing the money according to the budget. Implementation of this project into the current system. Impact Women become fearless. Overall development of women increases. As women is the base of the society, so if women develops then society automatically develops. People’s thoughts may change through awareness program. Mitigation Advertising/Awareness Campaign. Tie-ups with other vendors for providing venues for programs. Funding from other sources. Bringing NGOs for training programs. Risk & Challenges Impact & Mitigation
  25. 25. REFERENCES  Google images Indian Census Report, 2009, 2010, 2011. Human Development Report. National Crime Record Bureau Reports. National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control. Division of Violence Prevention. OUR SOCIAL EXISTENCE