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  1. 1. Team Details:- Coordinator- Nitin Kumar Dubey Abhishek Kumar Singh Durgesh Kumar Singh Malvika Malviya Srestha Nandy Amity University Lucknow Campus
  2. 2.  Overpopulation:- India, with 1,270,272,105 (1.27 billion) people is the second most populous country in the world and is all set to take the numero uno position by 2030 with a growth rate of 1.58%.  Illiteracy:- India has about 25% Illiteracy rate as per the census of INDIA on 2011.  Unemployment:- As on January 1, 2010, the number of unemployed was 9.8 million. By January 1, 2012, it has increased to 10.8 million  Corruption:- India’s Corruption Perception Index: 3.3 (Scale of 0 to10:10 (highly clean), 0 (highly corrupt))  Crime:- As per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, during 2010, a total of 67,50,748 cognizable crimes comprising 22,24,831 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes and 45,25,917 Special & Local Laws (SLL) crimes were reported, showing an increase of 1.11% over 2009 (66,75,217). MOMENTOUS SOLUTION FOR ALL THE PROBLEMS IS BY GOVERNING THE COMPLETE PROCESS OF FORMING THE GOVERNMENT
  3. 3. Why there is a need of political reforms? • A country with diverse and huge natural resources and man power. • A country with people of strong social quotient and intellect. • A country with a high promotable GDP and economic setup. STILL • A country with unemployment, education, and basic livelihood facilities. • A country with non-implementation of social programs with lots of corruption. • A country with millions of dreams that shatter every day. WHY???? • Non-functioning of government due to prevalence of personal greed. • Criminalization of politics and politicization of criminals. • Use of muscle and man-power to affect proper electoral process. • Thus, baseline of governance is not fair enough to give good governance.
  4. 4. Step to curb the damage and setup a strong political infrastructure • Conducting elections under the presidential rule with the supervision of armed forces- Imposing president’s rule ensures that the politicians would not be in power at the time of conducting the general elections. This can go a long way in conducting fair elections in the country. • Right to reject- The negative vote i.e. not voting for anybody, should be accepted by the government. Citizens should have the liberty to reject all the candidates if they would feel like this and this should be considered as their fundamental right in a democratic society. • Right to question the parliamentarian and the MLAs legally- Laws should be implemented to provide general citizens with powers to question directly to the MPs/MLAs for any of their actions. This would make the politicians answerable to every question for the act they conduct. •
  5. 5. • Stronger implementations of right to information [RTI]- The Right to Information Act (RTI) should be further fine tuned and stringent punishment should be given to the government officials who do not provide the information sought by the citizens under RTI Act. Huge campaign should be made amongst the citizens to encourage them to seek information under RTI Act from the government whenever needed by them without any sense of fear,to ensure transparency in the government dealings. • Biometric voting system- Election Commission should introduce finger print based electronic voting machines, which would count a vote to be legal only when the finger print of the person matches with the one in the database. This would completely eliminate false voting. • A candidate should be having complete knowledge of the Indian constitution and laws, and should under go a screening before contesting- While educational qualifications need not be insisted for the candidates contesting elections, they should be asked to undergo a knowledge test by election commission. This would ensure that ignorant people who have only money power and muscle power do not enter the fray and win elections.
  6. 6. In a country like ours, where human rights and other laws comes to rescue for the barbarous terrorists, convicted criminals and other goons in the society, the safety of common man hangs some where in confusion. The Right to Information is one such act that gave us a questioning power and was a great catalyst to the idea of accountability in social sector. BUT WHERE DOES THE SUCCESS LIES, WHEN WE FACE A SITUATION LIKE THIS IN THE LARGEST DEMOCRACY OF THE WORLD?
  7. 7. All these steps can together lead to a clean and fair at the electoral reforms leading to the formation of a strong governmental setup for the country, bringing prosperity and justice for all. However, the major role in the implementation of these steps is played by the Election Commission Of India. The Election Commission and State Electoral Officers should be conscious of the fact that they are responsible not only for conducting the elections in a fair manner but also should ensure that right climate prevails in the country for conducting the elections. It is necessary that the Election Commissioners and State Electoral Officers should also interact with the people belonging to lower income group living in rural areas (as majority of votes come from them and they are gullible and manipulated at every instance) every month as a matter of priority, to educate them that selling their votes would cause both the country and their personal welfare dearly in the long run. At the end, the ground conditions have to be improved, so that men who value certain code of ethics are enabled to come to the centre stage of politics and contest in the elections. After all, those in pivotal positions like Prime Minister and Chief Ministers should have the will and quality of mind set to combat corruption. If they are party to the corruption either as active participant or as silent spectator, the country has no hope of cleansing the electoral process.
  8. 8. Most people believe they have more or less freedom than they actually have, and these delusions are manipulated by social power holders to influence public behavior. Most people believe they have more or less freedom than they actually have, and these delusions are manipulated by social power holders to influence public behavior.
  9. 9. Problems That Can Be Faced During Implementing These steps:- Risks factors associated with these processes include serious life threatening episodes for the supporters and well as for high position officers supporting the movement. Therefore, those holding positions of Election Commissioners and Electoral Officers should be protected from threats from the politicians at the time of elections or later, by being given personal security by the government . Some contradictions and oppositions may also arise for application of president’s rule in the country for over three months. The large scale conduction of screening of the candidates can also face challenges as it requires huge expenditure of money and a complete long spam of time. Conducting such screening in a country with more than 1,00,000 candidates is very tedious job.
  10. 10. The country does not need more acts now, its needs more action.
  11. 11. Appendix References • Crime in India 2011 Statistics- National Crime Records Bureau Ministry of Home Affairs Government of India. •Rising Crime In Indian Cities by Suchismita Mukhopadhyay • Money and Muscle Power Cut the Roots of Democracy by K SVenkataraman. • Democracy: A Social Power Analysis By Dr. John S. Atlee, with Tom Atlee • •