Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Citizens for Accountable Governance ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN INDIA SIBM Bengaluru Bomabay Rockers Shubham Singh +91-9663535734 Vishal Patel +91-9986652476 Dilpreeet Singh +91-9972437380 Sreeharsha GN +91-8861222337 Soumya Toppo +91-8904313058
  2. 2. About Us : Indian Demography • Increased population from 1.0 to 1.2 Billion in 10 years • Females grew faster than males • Population growth rate have been soled down in last half centennial • Overall sex ration has increased but the child sex ration has declined • Literacy rates have improved , better growth in female literacy rate
  3. 3. Scenario : Drop-out rates of Primary School students 1999-2000 to 2009-2010 The drop out rate have improved in 16 years till 2006-07. There was a steep rise in drop out rates from 2006-07 to 2009-10. Dropout rates for girls declined faster than boys this indicates improvement in the primary education of girls. In last 5-6 years the cost of living have significantly increased , this might be a contributor to the increasing drop out rates. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1999-00 2000-01 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07* 2009-10** Primary (I-V) Total Boys Girls Source: Selected Educational Statistics 2007-08, Ministry of Human Resource Development, GOI, *DISE report. ***Combined dropout rate for India after consideration for all states and UTs. Source: Abstract of Selected Educational Statistics 2009-10; Ministry of Human Resources Development; GOI
  4. 4. Problems Addressed Paucity of teachers and trained staff. The report also finds that several states, including Delhi, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra saw a reduction in number of teachers between 2009-10 and 2010-11viii. • There was a case in Bihar where the teacher was unaware of the spellings of Sunday , Monday etc. There exists poor governance and oversight to monitor performance of existing teachers. Teachers’ absenteeism is high and in last 10 years no significant improvement have been observed Socio-cultural factors like discrimination against the girl child, prevalence of child labour and cast differences are still present Government schools have poor infrastructural facilities and does not meet the necessary infrastructure indicators.
  5. 5. Proposed Solutions • 5 Classes with 1 set of a Low End Computer and Projector each so that they can be taught by slides. • Will cost approximately INR 220000 per school(considering INR 55000 on each set) • Standardized courses for the primary education to be distributed to each primary school • Addition of regional languages and compulsory English language in curriculum and will be required for each region/ state • Connecting all these schools with Internet so that degree of governance can be improved. • Feedback will help the system to continuously improve Promotion of Affordable Technology Based Teaching Improving the availability and the quality of teaching staff, the teachers should be well trained as they lay the foundation of the students education • Start recruitment programs in the areas suffering form lack of teachers/ less trained teachers , they should be in sink with primary education, to promote them pay commissions should be introduced. • Training the basic use of computer so that they can teach using the standard course • The use of IT will help the number of errors during teaching as well. Audits for social discriminations and malpractices • Boy- Girl discrimination • For child labor heavy penalties should be imposed which might include the imprisonment as well
  6. 6. Reasons stated for the reform attempt Use of IT will connect and centralize the whole system into one place Better and precise analysis can be performed on the performance of the children Customization will allow the children of the particular region or ethnicity to understand better, as it will be centralized for a whole segment. Primary Education system can be kept be up to date by imparting improvements and suggestions according to the international standards Problems will be much more clear , eg what are their strengths etc and what other regions are similar to them, clustering can be done and solutions for a better fundamental education system can be resolved more precisely. Regular audits for social discriminations and malpractices will keep a check on • Boy- Girl discrimination • For child labor heavy penalties should be imposed which might include the imprisonment as well
  7. 7. A Peek into Past : Pioneers & Exemplars HEREDITARY EDUCATION POLICY The reform attempted to increase the number of school-going children within the financial limitations faced by the Government. There was an acute shortage of teachers. There were 4,108 single-teacher schools and more than 60% of the schools with five standards had less than four teachers. This poor student-teacher ratio was putting a strain on the teachers and led to students being made to stay in school for longer hours. This directly contributed to the high drop out ratio. This plural teaching had to stopped without hiring new teachers.  During the out of school session, the girl students were to learn house keeping from their mothers in their home environment. The boys were supposed to learn farming or other crafts from their respective fathers.  In addition to the learning the students were to be utilized in service to the village like building sheds, laying bricks, attending to village sanitation, improving roads, etc.. The out of school session would have no strict attendance or work requirements. The retention rate of 37% (between 1947 and 1951) had to be improved by making schools attractive to students of poorer sections. HEREDITARY EDUCATION POLICY Reduction of School hours from five hours per day to three. Introduction of shifts -the students were to be divided into two batches and the school would function in two sessions. One batch will attend only one session a day. There were to be six working days per week. The second session in which the students would be out of school was to be utilised - learning through living and training in self-reliance. THE KERALA MODEL •A set of high material quality-of- life indicators coinciding with low per-capita incomes. •High levels of political participation and activism among ordinary people along with substantial numbers of dedicated leaders at all levels. •Kerala's mass activism and committed cadre were able to function within a largely democratic structure.
  8. 8. Implementation of the solution HIGH LEVEL DESCRIPTION OF KEY STEPS INVOLVED IN IMPLEMENTING THE SOLUTION Checking and Continuous review Nationwide training program for primary school teachers Installation of the proposed systems Development of the Affordable IT Solutions by chosen vendors Tenders for large scale IT implementation Formation of a Project Team Stakeholder(s) involved at each step • Children • Parents • State governments / Panchayats and Central Government • Education Boards (NCERT ,MPBSE etc) • Trusts and Society etc Leveraging existing government infrastructure • The current internet connectivity can be utilized where there is availability • Training of the teachers Financial and human resources required at each step • Capital for New Infrastructure • IT Implementation Team • Governance Team • New teachers and IT Training staff Proposed source(s) of funding • Funding by the government • Donations by corporates • Donations by Trusts and Societies
  9. 9. Challanges Logistical challenges • Additional training required for operation of the projector • Training the basic use of computer to the teachers is itself a difficult task to accomplish, specially in rural areas Quality & Maintenance • Maintaining standard of education in more than a million schools nationwide, offering training programs to teachers, and keeping good balance with education system worldwide is a big challenge. Schools vary in size and resources and are forced compromise in the all round development opportunities they must provide to students. Access • Having infrastructural constraints and social issues, it becomes harder to make education accessible to all segments of the society (women, minorities, poor). Cost • Electricity & Communication infrastructure might be costly in very remote areas. • Cost of training the teachers will also be significant , specially in remote areas where teachers are isolated from computers Confidence of local people • Winning the trust of the local people for the implementation of the new system can be difficult, people may react differently in different regions. • The focus on exams and marks in urban schools is like winning a 100 meter race on steroids Social & Cultural •The ethnic diversity in India poses challenges to implement consistent education nationwide. •There are more than 300 languages spoken in the country and makes it difficult to offer education tailored to specific social segment. Educating women in some societies is a big issue. •Children of poor families are forced to work and miss out the learning opportunities.
  10. 10. Appendix   ◦ Author : R Basumatary  ◦ Author : Riaz Haq  ◦ Author : Ajay Upadhyaya 