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  1. 1. Presented By- Team Coordinator: Shivangi Johri Team Members: Shivangi Tyagi, Nikita Jaiswal, Priyanka Sharma, Apoorva Rastogi
  2. 2. • Lack of proper and good governance Due to lack of firm , independent and impartial the no. of cases in subordinate courts increases. • Lack of motivation towards legal education In India students take law as their last option. There are only 60000- 70000 law graduates every year. • Poor budgetary support for judiciary It is one of the main reason for non implementation of judicial reforms .India spends just 0.2 % of the GDP on judiciary. • Low population to judge ratio India’s population to judge ratio is one of the lowest in the world with only 10 judges for every million of its population as compared to about 150 judges for the same no. in Unite Nations and Britain. In terms of the volume of work, it is estimated that nearly 30 million cases are pending in the Court system in India at any given point of time. The average fresh filing every year varies between 15 to 18 million cases which figure is steadily on the rise. The judicial system is the corner stone of India's democratic polity. But the system is today mired in a variety of problems- both external and internal which threaten to erode the credibility and utility of the judiciary. No. of judges per 1 million citizens in various countries
  3. 3. SOLUTION PROPOSED Justice Reform System Proposal • This system focused on establishing a new model for transparency of judicial system. • This foundation outlines a plan for reforming justice services to the public so that our system is timely, balanced, and responsive to the needs of citizens. • It presents innovative solutions that allow us to begin work immediately on meaningful changes to the system within the resources we currently have available to us. It also presents intended reforms that we know are needed in our system if we are to achieve our visionary goals. Implementation • It present a number of short-term and long-term steps that will provide front-line operations and services to the public in all areas of the law. • Organizing awareness camps for general public, conferences ,visits of foreign delegations, seminars and training campaign for lawyers. • Amendment proposals i.e. committee can propose any reforms needed in the current system. • Establishment of helpline to support general public . Advantages over existing system • Provides timely, balanced and transparent jurisprudence. • Utilizing the potentials and skills of passionate people of society. • Encourages use of technical advancements for better quality evidences(eg. DNA tests, Narco Tests etc) and faster access to information(eg. Crime records, statistics etc.) An independent Judicial Commission empowered with investigation , prosecution, and scheme of amendments to reform our judicial system
  4. 4. JUSTICE REFORM SOCIETY Chairman of Committee [elected by other committee members] Technocrats Private Detectives Retired Volunteers StudentsMediaNGO’s Management Experts Social activists Journalists, Writers Economists, Financialists, etc. Defense Personnel, IASs, IPSs, etc. Company CEO’s, presidents, etc. Structuring a Justice Reform Society including volunteers from society to look in to judicial reforms and ensure timely justice The system expects people to know their rights and assert their claims according to the legally prescribed procedures.
  5. 5. Tasks of the Committee Skills Needed • Assistance to citizens regarding law and legal technicalities. • Retired Volunteers and management experts can form a jury to propose various amendments needed and give expert advice on demanding cases. • Up gradation of advocate’s knowledge by conducting case studies , seminars , symposiums, judicial visits, etc. • Meetings with Chief justice of judicially strong countries. • Incorporating private detective agencies for faster and unbiased investigations. • Inculcating awareness and motivation among students towards excelling in law education. • Utilizing technically groomed minds for making our system technically healthy. • Launching passionate students for evidence collection. • Judicial Insurance to ensure right to justice. • Record proceedings of court . • Statistical approach of experts. • Widespread knowledge of Journalists and writers • Professional competence of various fields yielding accurate and sound solution • Understanding psychology of general public and working accordingly • Experience of retired personnel • Zest , zeal and enthusiasm of youngsters • Exploring information door to door • Programming and technical skills for developing faster software that can be used in speeding up the justice process. • Using intelligence and accuracy of detectives Errand of the committee and the expertise acquired from the society
  6. 6. This model supports the court proceedings at various stages in order to ensure speedy and faster trials and court proceedings for timely justice. Complaint filing Scrutiny AdmissionRegistration Written Statements Determination of issues JudgmentArgumentsExamination of witnesses Summons Pre-admission Pre-Hearing 1 23 4 5 Incorporating our reform society in court workflow process 1. The committee comprises of fervent young minds that can help in scrutinizing the whole case proceedings. 2. The technology may boost up the speed of trial through digitization of court notices and summons. 3. The committee along with police officials can instantaneously delve the issues at the rate of the knots. 4. The acquaintance and impetus of NGO activists and management experts can make the witnesses feel fortify. 5. The adjudicators of our committee can provide even handed arguments and help the prosecution process. Hearing
  7. 7. The various assets required for the implementation of the model can be assembled through various sources : Operational Cost Technological cost Establishment cost Maintenance cost Cost Proposed sources of funding : • Joint venture of public and private sector during initiation • Sponsorships of high profile cases. • Judicial Insurances f the citizens • Judicial taxes according to income in the long run when the system is successfully implemented. INR 5 Cr INR 2 Cr INR 1 Cr INR 50 Lakhs Functionalities of Committee Enrollment Coordination Management Maintenance • Direct recruitment from various fields of society • Online Registration • Regular Meetings of the committee • Video conferencing • Social Networking sites • Good Planning • Smartly Organizing • Be Direct • Regular Monitoring • Database Management • Infrastructure Maintenance • Accounts
  8. 8. Our model will influence the judiciary system in order to bring positive and significant modification to make it accountable to common people. Various impacts of Judicial reform system in providing: Transparent Justice Balanced Justice Timely Justice • Clear governance • Common understanding • Performance focus • Integrated approaches • Citizen focused services • Efficient case management • Early assistance to citizens • Smart choices at initials Statistics to show how much transparent, timely and balanced current judiciary is?? Matter Pending from previous month Registered during month Disposed off during month Pending at the end of the month Admission matters 40279 7263 8921 38438 Regular Hearing matters 29167 1100 727 29526 Total 69446 8363 9648 67964
  9. 9. Our model will face following challenges which can be extenuated with various mitigations: CHALLENGES MITIGATIONS Cost incurred in the model Government policies Mass Involvement Implementation  Effective enactment can be done by making framework adaptable to the altering demands of nation  Public awareness campaigns by NGO’s  Use of social media for publicizing legal issues  Providing helpline for support  Bridging the gap between government policies and principle mission of the committee Cost can be managed through  joint venture of public and private sector  Sponsorship of high profile cases Though task is uphill but as it is said that where there is a will there is a way so hopefully let it prove to be true in case of Indian judiciary.
  10. 10. Not a single solution can be a giant leap Some immediate recommendations from our side to ensure opportune justice. Shift System The existing court could be made to function in two shifts with the same infrastructure, utilizing the services of retired judges and judicial officers reputed for their integrity and ability, which are physically and mentally fit, it would ease the situation considerably and provide immense relief to the litigants. Technological Advancements Computerized system for keeping a catalogue of pending cases and automated library index of its decisions to avoid conflicting decisions. A computerized micro- filming center for maintenance of record and a telex system connecting the Supreme Court with other Courts. Lower Judiciary Encourage use of video conferencing We need to upgrade and expand infrastructure and simplify procedures. And practices bringing about synergy among the judiciary, the prosecution and police making the system faster, cheaper and people friendly. A lot of crowding in courts and the hassle of transporting under trials from jails to courts can be saved if e- communication facilities link courts with jails. All India Judicial Services The government of India should also examine the feasibility of creating an all India Service for judicial officers in the same manner as that of IAS and IPS officers. It will also attract talent in judiciary services.
  11. 11. Some immediate recommendations from our side to ensure opportune justice. Inquisitorial System We can also adapt the system of France judicial system where positions of magistrates and prosecutors are interchangeable that provides help in speedy judgment. Through this system investigation can be made faster and reliable if done under the supervision of an independent judicial officer, The Judge of Instructions, for the purpose of discovering truth collects evidence . Remedies for judicial prudence improvement  Certain amendments are required in the punishments to lower down the crime rate.  Strict action against police and other officials responsible for delayed proceedings.  Timely appointments of judges to fill vacant places.  No transfer of judges until the cases in which he is engaged are solved.  Media should be a part of court proceedings to ensure transparency.  There should be a mechanism of rewards and punishments for judicial officers and judges monitored by an internal or external body. Judiciary is in dire need of speedy and effective reforms “Delay means extra crime so we not only want just but just in time justice”
  12. 12. Resources 1. Paper on Lack of judicial accountability in India –Prashant Bhushan 2. A New Justice System for Families and Children: Report of the Family Justice Reform Working Group to the Justice Review Task Force 2005 3. A Criminal Justice System for the 21st Century, (2012): CowperFinalReport.pdf 4. British Columbia Charge Assessment Review, (2012): (Schedule 11) 5. Making Justice Work: Improving Access and Outcomes for British Columbians, (2012) 6. White Paper on Justice Reform part two: A Timely, Balanced Justice System 7.Law and justice : a look at the role and performance of Indian judiciary by Prof. N.R. Madhava Menon 8. ANNUAL REPORT 2007-2008 (Published by the Supreme Court of India) 9. india/ 10. 11. Judicial Reforms in India –Author: Hazre, Arnab kumar & Debroy, Bibek 12. India Year Book- 2009 Ministry of Information and broadcasting, GOI