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  1. 1. •By • Tushar Gautam • Rohan Bampal • Abhishek Kumar • Vishvas Chandra Khan • Yogendra singh Patel
  2. 2. Conditions of cities at present How can a city be developed How pure enviornment can be maintained in cities
  3. 3. FAST FACTS 37.7 crores or 31.16 percent of India lives in urban centres.i 30 people leave rural areas for urban areas every minute.ii 70 percent of new jobs would be generated in cities by 2030.iii 49.7 crores to be added to the urban population by 2050.iv SOME CHALLENGES Urbanization is seen as being anti-rural by a section of the policy makers. According to a McKinsey report, India’s Urban Awakening: Building Inclusive Cities, Sustaining Economic Growth, India requires USD 1,20,000 crores in capital investment to meet the demands of the new cities. More than 50 percent of India’s population is below 25 years of age and about 18 crore young people will enter India’s workforce over the next two decades. India needs dynamic cities to cater to the young population’s employment The Planning Commission has also acknowledged that the rapid urbanization poses a managerial and policy challenge. The demand for basic necessities like water, transport, sewage treatment will greatly outmatch the supply.
  4. 4. The strategy behind this project is to accelerate the creation of an actual floating city while making seasteading – pioneering the oceans and creating new societies – accessible to the average person. Economic Opportunities – As Earth’s final frontier, the ocean offers radical possibilities for some of our boldest economic dreams. From harnessing the immense stores of energy and nutrients, to serving the global demand for financial, medical, and human services, seasteading will give rise to many 21st century fortunes. International waters offer a more friendly regulatory environment, and allow for worldwide recruitment of entrepreneurs, investment capital, and top talent. The oceans are already the superhighway of trade – seastead real estate will be optimally located to tap into the bloodlines of a globalized planet
  5. 5. What is at the heart of a sustainable city? If you look at this ranking, which considers Vancouver, San Francisco, Oslo, Curitiba, and Copenhagen, as the most sustainable cities in the world, it appears that lots of green technology is key. Vancouver is heavy with renewable energy including lots of hydropower and it has the lowest per capita carbon footprint on the continent
  6. 6. Sustainable cities Intelligent traffic solutions, green buildings, water management, and smart grid infrastructure are just a few of the technologies helping to steer today’s urbanization toward sustainability.The challenges presented by sustainable urban development are immense. In 2010, 82 percent of Americans lived in cities; by 2050 it will be 90 percent. Cities are responsible for around two thirds of the energy used, 60 percent of all water consumed and 70 percent of all greenhouse gases produced worldwide. Sustainable cities are looking at ways to improve their infrastructures to become more environmentally friendly, increase the quality of life for their residents, and cut costs at the same time.
  7. 7. In general, data used for each regional Green City Index are difficult to compare to other regions due to differences in the way statistics are collected. Furthermore, many specific indicators are different for each Index, reflecting data availability and the specific environmental challenges of each continent. Just two of the quantitative indicators – water consumption and water leakages – are measured across all regional Green City Indexes. However, a number of indicators have been collected at least in two to three regions. A summary of indicators that were comparable across at least two regions is presented on the following pages.
  8. 8. 1. Good governance and leadership at the metropolitan level National environmental regulations can have far-reaching impacts, and are able to provide overall strategic direction. Yet city-level leadership is just as crucial. Indeed, at their best, national directives incentivise local governments to establish their own initiatives. For example, the Mexican government has a plan to replace more than 45 million incandescent light bulbs with energy-saving bulbs by the end of 2012. In the US state of Colorado, legislation requires that 30% of all electricity produced should come from renewable sources by 2020. Germany has strong national legislation too, covering many environmental issues including building codes and water management. In addition, there are numerous examples in all parts of the world where national, regional and local jurisdictions follow common goals and set mutually re-enforcing standards. However, the Green City Index series also demonstrates that the national legislation needs to leave enough autonomy to cities to address their most pressing issues and make their own investment decisions. Experts across Asia, Latin America and Africa call for better leadership and governance at the urban level. Although national governments are important for setting direction, they can also have competing priorities or do not always understand the nuances of local needs. There is a correlation between good governance and top performance in the Indexes. The leaders in the regions, such as Copenhagen, San Francisco or Curitiba all
  9. 9. Once upon a time, cities grew organically, naturally. They developed in coastal areas, grew into hubs for trade and commerce, and served as departure points for exploration. Slowly theyindustrialized, inviting factories and businesses, blossoming from the added wealth of new resources and new venues for spending. While those characteristics are the fairy tale reality for some cities, others are hampered by rapid industrialization that leads the way to uneven development, slums, and inefficiency. In the developing world, cities have sprouted in places and ways not conducive tosustainable growth and development. In contrast, new proposals suggest harnessing a city’s potential for growth to increase development, innovation, and entrepreneurship—and even address humanitarian efforts at the same time Reference:- 1. wikipedia 2. google scholar