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  1. 1. MANTHAN Topic: Electoral Reforms “We did not come to fear the future” “We are here to shape it” -Barack Obama Team Details Swetha T Chhavi Singhal T Venkateswarlu Aayushi Jha Racharla Amulya PRESENTATION NAME: “We are the change" TEAM NAME: भविष्य
  2. 2. 15% candidates had criminal charges 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% INC BJP BSP SP NCP CPM JD(U SHS ADMK AITC BJD DMK Percentage of candidates with pending serious criminal cases Percentage of candidates with pending criminal cases CHALLENGES 0 2000000 4000000 6000000 8000000 10000000 12000000 14000000 Year 1952 1957 1962 1967 1971 1977 1980 1984 1989 1991 1996 1998 1999 Election Expenditure Expenditure Incurred(in '000Rs.) Ever increasing election expenditure WE ARE LOOSING ON 25 MILLION EDUCATED NRI VOTES The average cash hand, according to a CMS survey, rose from Rs 100 in 2004 to Rs. 500 in 2009 Politics on the basis of caste, religion and background C A S H B R I B E S
  3. 3. Pre Elections • Getting people to vote • Restructuring the manifesto • Transferability of voter cards • Spreading awareness • Reforms in Campaigning During Elections • Limit on coalition • NRI voting in Indian embassy • A candidate should contest from only one constituency • Media restrictions Post Elections • Setting up of Special Dispute Resolution Courts • Annual progress reports • Youth representation • Increase voters enrolment HOW DO WE SOLVE THE PROBLEMS?
  4. 4. STEPS TO BE TAKEN BEFORE ELECTIONS Corporate initiativesGetting people to vote • Facilitate issuance of voting cards for all its employees • Notifications should be sent to employees who have spent 6 months in a new constituency for reissuance of voting cards Restructuring & distributionManifesto • Mention budgetary implications and proper time lines for the proposals • Audit system to calculate the feasibility and the realisticness of the manifesto • Distribution of compiled manifestos (brief agenda) of all the contesting parties in universities and corporations The Youth elementIncreasing awareness • Youth friendly “Voter Education Campaigns” in universities about elections during the election year • Amassing volunteers from each locality to spread about election candidates, election standards and procedures Eliminating loop holesCampaigning • State funding should be more in kind and less in cash • Compulsory mentioning of educational qualifications in advertisements (hoardings, print media)
  5. 5. STEPS TO BE TAKEN DURING ELECTIONS Increasing Voters Turnout Provision to vote by NRIs in Indian embassies Facilitation of e-voting for NRIs, secured through passwords sent by ECI to mobiles Free public transportation in rural areas on the day of elections Avoiding malpractices Limit on number of parties forming a coalition to reduce conflicts on national issues Regulations on media live updates through opinion polls to reduce formation of pre conceived notions among voters Cost Reduction A candidate should contest from only one constituency Introduction of preferential voting where voters rank candidates in decreasing order of preference, thus ensuring reducing the cost of bye-elections, in case of early termination of incumbents
  6. 6. STEPS TO BE TAKEN POST ELECTIONS •Annual progress reports comprising of recent developments should be presented by parties in power •Provision for recall of elected representatives, if found guilty or ineffective Monitoring growth •Adding people automatically to the electoral roll by using the unique ID mentioned in Aadhaar Card •“Enrol to Vote Week” to facilitate speedy voter enrolment by setting up of stalls and providing assistance • Awareness campaigns through social media like Facebook, Twitter etc. •Collaborating with social media sites for displaying election countdown prior to elections on relevant profiles Voters Enrolment •Establishment of special electoral dispute resolution courts •The candidates are mandated to resolve issues through these courts in the transition period after being elected and swearing-in Resolving disputes •“National Youth Week” to be observed during which youth is invited to give suggestions on National Public Policy •Setting up of Youth Parliament to encourage the youth to voice their opinions on issues of national importance Youth Representation
  7. 7. MANIFESTOThe INC practices the politics of consensus and cooperation. The BJP practices the politics of divisiveness and discord. Instinctively, the INC unites, while the BJP divides. The UPA Government’s mismanagement of the national economy and fiscal indiscipline has resulted in frittering away the tremendous gains of the NDA years. Blame Game The Indian National Congress will ensure a comprehensive cover of social security to all persons who are at special risk including….. The BJP will launch a massive programme, through public-private participation, to introduce a ‘Health for All’ scheme based on an innovative insurance policy. How & When ??  Mention proper timelines, budget allocation & beneficiaries of the proposal  Distribute hard/soft copies comprising of brief description of every party’s manifestos among college students and employees through universities and corporates  All parties should release their manifestos on the same day for preventing counterfeiting and for effective comparative evaluation by public SOLUTIONS
  8. 8. GETTING PEOPLE TO VOTE Corporate Initiatives Moving the youth Involving NRI population  There are around 25 million NRIs and it is practically impossible to have 25 million people travel to India at the same time. So India is losing 25 million votes of the educated  Introduce provision to vote for NRIs through Indian embassies  Provision of e-voting – One time passwords (OTP) sent to voters’ mobiles when requested  People under the age of 30 contesting for elections need not deposit the initial security  Program should be launched in which youth are asked to volunteer to spread awareness about the election process in their locality  Mandatory budget allocation for creating internship opportunities for students with political parties  Private & government organisations should ensure that every employee should have a voters card (like the same way as TDS is implemented)  Currently voter turn out is 4.1 million. If we make 30 million people employed in the urban organised sector to vote, the voter turn out ratio can be tremendously increased  Notifications should be sent to employees who have spent 6 months in a new constituency for reissuance of voting cards
  9. 9. STATE FUNDING  State funding is provided to the parties which are active for 5 years and has won a minimum of 4% seats in Loksabha constituency. This will give leverage to big parties which are already highly resourceful  In 2009, 36 corporate entities donated more that 1 crore to parties  Currently donors who contribute less than INR 20,000 have the right to be anonymous. It allows donors to split their total contribution in smaller amounts and donate 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Total Income(in cr.) 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 Total 0 500 1000 1500 Donation(in cr.) Total Income Donation  Provide state funding to only those parties receiving low private funds  State funding should mostly be in kind like free electricity, vehicles and petrol rather than cash  Take back the funding if parties have received more funds after that  Set an upper limit on corporate funding to parties and on spending by each party on a constituency  Collect PAN details from all the donors who are donating up to INR 20,000 more than once SOLUTIONS
  10. 10. REFERENCES  “Analysis of Income of Political Parties in India”, National Election Watch in  Manifesto guidelines by Election Commission of India  Manifestos of BJP and Congress during Lok Sabha Election 2009  Kriegler and Waki Reports, 2009  “Enhancing Youth political participation throughout the electoral cycle” by United Nations Development Programme  “Corporate funding of elections: A scrutiny of some recent developments” by Samya Chatterjee in publications of Observer Research Foundation