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  1. 1. MANTHAN TOPIC:- Towards cleaner India: Providing Clean Drinking Water and Proper Sanitation Facility to all. Team Details: * Ayush Maheshwari. * Anshul Maheshwari. * Siddhant Gupta. * Rounak Mundhra. * Vikas Tiwari.
  2. 2. CURRENT STATUS OF SANITATION IN INDIA- This is especially true for urban India. Growing slum population and lack of adequate Sanitation over 50 million men, women and children to defecate in the open every day. Even today, millions of Indians are subjected to grave ill health, increasing threats to Safety, lower spending on Education and Nutrition, – all for want of a basic sanitation facility. For the most part, open spaces used for defecation are also the only open spaces for children to play in. Regular exposure to and direct contact with faecal matter and Drinking contaminated water induces transmission of fatal Diseases such as diarrhoea, parasitic infections, and worm infections, especially children.
  3. 3. Reasons for poor sanitation The basic component of sanitation is illetracy. Lack of awareness. • The use of water harvesting system is minimum. Discharge of industrial water in river; both in rural and urban area. • Use of water without purification.
  4. 4. Five cornerstones of Sanitation Awareness programme should be communicated in local languages on sanitation. Improving hygiene- The most affordable and effective way to prevent diseases is to promote hygiene in marginalized communities. Filter water should be supplied in cities by local bodies. Water storage should be provided in every rural area such as water harvesting system. New technique should be adopted to overcome the leakage of pipelines problems.
  5. 5. Problems Eradication Techniques • As our India is facing a lot of health related problems due to lack of hygiene & cleanliness can be overcome by proper Sanitation management. • By minimisation of pipe leakage ,water can be conserved. • If water harvesting system is adopted in rural areas, the problem of people for collecting water from miles to miles can be minimized.
  6. 6. Policies involved in providing sanitation in India 1951-Water supply sanitation is a part of first five year plan. 1980-Integrated low cost sanitation scheme is launched. 1987-National water policy drafted recognizing water as a basic right. 1999-Total sanitation campaign is launched in 559 rural districts in India. 2002-10th five year plan places significant emphasis on water supply and sanitation. 2008-National urban sanitation policy is launched. 2010-India signs the UN convention on water and sanitation as a human right. **Even after passing certain bills from the parliament, it is not properly implemented on the right place at right time.
  7. 7. Challenges to be faced • Since, the water harvesting system is expensive to be installed, thus economic crises can be a challenge. • Chlorination of water for filtration process can cause skin diseases . • For awareness in local areas, local people should be trained, in which illiteracy can be a obstruction.
  8. 8. Investment on sanitation The rationale for sanitation investments is clear – for every $1 spent on sanitation at least $9 is saved in health, education and 19 economic development. The cost of not paying attention to sanitation is enormous. Investing in sanitation has the potential to greatly enhance other development outcomes; yet this sector in India remains largely neglected.
  9. 9. Case Study  A major initiative launched by non profit gramalaya in 2000, mobilizing women in the slums in self help groups (SHGs) and launching an awareness campaign on sanitation through training.  In February 2011 formal municipal commissioner of Nanded- Waghala municipal corporation , along with his team decided to use the opportunity afford by the national urban sanitation policy which requires all cities to prepare a city sanitation plan, to confront the sanitation challenge head on.  Kalyani in west Bengal is the first town in India to be official declared open defecation free (ODF). Dr. Shantanu jha, the chairman of kalyani municipality council spread headed a campaign in 2006 that mobilized slum dwellers to build their own toilets. This eliminated open defecation in all 52 slums across the city.
  10. 10. Conclusion The fact that even nations with lower per capita income such as Bangladesh and Pakistan are scoring far better than India on various sanitation indicators serves as a wakeup call. Increasing levels of urbanization, rising densities of slums make the need of sanitation more urgent.
  11. 11. References- Ministry of Home Affairs, Population Census of India, 2011 UNICEF India, Water, Environment and Sanitation Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, April 2011 Under the Guidelines of - 1 Dr. Supriya Biswas 2 Dr. S K Sar