Alpha

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Alpha

  1. 1. Enhancing the Quality of primary education STEPPING STONES
  2. 2. A proper primary education teaches literacy and numeracy; the ability to read and work with numbers and computer will benefit children into adulthood. WHAT IS EDUCATION?
  3. 3. PRESENT SITUATION: • Free and compulsory education to all children up to the age of fourteen years is the Constitutional commitment in India. At the time of adoption of the Constitution in 1950, the aim was to achieve the goal of universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) within the next ten years i.e. by 1960. It is the Quality of Education, which is at present in the focus in all programs relating to elementary education in general and primary education in particular. • Improvements in primary education (4 years of a basic education, between the ages of 6 and 10) address poverty and food insecurity in the long term by targeting the root problems of a lack of literacy and numeracy in communities
  4. 4. PROBLEMS PRIMARY EDUCATION. 1) PROPER ENVIORNMENT NOT PROVIDED 2) THE GENDER GAP 3) FINANCIAL PROBLEMS
  5. 5. PROPER ENVIRONMENT • Basic need of education is proper environment especially sanitary environment in which pupils can study as well as enjoy it. Neat environment gives fresh mind to study n work. whenever we visit slum we always observe that there environment has really wrong effect on their studies.
  6. 6. THE GENDER GAP • Special attention must be given to decreasing the gender gap in education. As Rosé grant and Cline (2003) note, “Women's education affects nearly every dimension of development, from lowering fertility rates to raising productivity and improving environmental management.” Yet in most countries we see a gender gap in education, with less girls in school and for less time.
  7. 7. CONTD. • • all know in slum regions also mainly importance is given to male education as compared to female education because females are mostly considered to do house hold jobs that is why they are not provided proper education. according to right to education act children below 14 years are ought to provided compulsory education but we have observed that still now grade fifth children can't read even second grade book and even can't solve simple subtraction sums.
  8. 8. FINANCIAL ASPECTS • Mostly education deals with finance problem . backward class cannot afford too much finance to educate their children n that’s the main reason y India is low when we talk about education. Despite of many efforts taken by government then also India is lacking behind many people are still being denied this basic human right.
  9. 9. . If we want children, and all citizens to acquire literacy, we must provide reading materials the abundant and pleasurable reading materials found in libraries.
  10. 10. . • If we want learners to develop skills for lifelong learning, we must give them opportunities to enquire, to search, to explore, to practice, to solve problems - such as are found in libraries. If we want to introduce them to the world of knowledge and teach them to handle information in many forms, we need the resources of a well-equipped library.
  11. 11. . • AND IF WE TALK ABOUT SLUM CHILDREN THEN THEY SHOULD BE PROVIDED FREE EDUCATION TILL AGE OF 14. AND THEIR ENVIORNMENTAL CONDIOTIONS SHOULD BE IMPROVED BY ATLEAST CONSTRUCTING A SIMPLE SCHOOL IN EVERY SLUM WITH A TEACHER ON GOVERNTMENT WAGE. ILLTERCY IS LIKE TERMITE WHICH IS EATING OUR COUNTRY.
  12. 12. . • ILLTERACY CANT B CURED BY JUST CREATING AWARENESS BUT BY WORKING ON IMPLEMENTED LAWS. • BY JUST DEPENDING UPON GOVT IMPLEMENTED LAWS THIS ISSUE WILL NOT BE CURED BUT BY OUR OWN EFFORTS
  13. 13. WORK OF GOVERNMENT FOR ENHANCEMENT OF EDUCATION IN COUNTRY
  14. 14. THE BASIC LAWS IMPLEMENTED BY GOVERNMENT IN PREVIOUS YEARS FOR ENHANCING PRIMARY AS WELL AS SECONDARY EDUCATION ARE AS FOLLOW: .
  15. 15. 1) NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND 2) NCLB AND ACCOUNTABILITY 3) BUDGET- FINANCIAL REVIEW
  16. 16. NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND • The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) is the most recent iteration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), the major federal law authorizing federal spending on programs to support K-12 schooling. ESEA is the largest source of federal spending on elementary and secondary education.
  17. 17. NCLB AND ACCOUNTABILITY • Although NCLB covers numerous federal education programs, the law’s requirements for testing, accountability and school improvement receive the most attention.
  18. 18. CONTD. • . NCLB requires states to test students in reading and mathematics annually in grades 3-8 and once in grades 10-12. States must test students in science once in grades 3-5, 6-8, and 10-12. Individual schools, school districts and states must publicly report test results in the aggregate and for specific student subgroups, including low-income students, students with disabilities, English language learners, and major racial and ethnic groups.
  19. 19. . • NCLB requires states, school districts, and schools to ensure all students are proficient in grade-level math and reading by 2014. States define grade-level performance. Schools must make "adequate yearly progress" toward this goal, whereby proficiency rates increase in the years leading up to 2014. The rate of increase required is chosen by each state. In order for a school to make adequate yearly progress (AYP), it must meet its targets for student reading and math proficiency each year.
  20. 20. . A state’s total student proficiency rate and the rate achieved by student subgroups are all considered in the AYP determination.
  21. 21. BUDGET FINANCIAL REVIEW • Keeping in view, the priority of Government of India, for social sector programmes, the Department of School Education & Literacy was provided an allocation of 45969.00 crore (Plan) and 2812.00 crore (Non Plan) during the year 2012-13.
  22. 22. . • Plan & Non-Plan allocation and the Expenditure incurred during the year 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 and actual expenditure up to December 2012 for the Department of School Education and Literacy is given below:
  23. 23. THANK YOU From Team ‘Alpha’ 1)Urvashi (B.Arch.) 2)Manika (B.B.A.) 3)Shivanshu (B.Tech.) 4)Paridhi (B.Arch.) 5)Aashna (B.Tech.)

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