Agri308

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Agri308

  1. 1. RURAL ECONOMY-sources FARM SECTOR (AGRIL & ALLIED) NON-FARM SECTOR (FORMAL& INFORMAL) AGRICULTURE RURAL INDUSTRIES RURAL SERVICE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AGRO PROCESSING RETAILING & TRADING HORTICULTURE MANUFACTURING HANDLOOMS COMMUNITY & SOCIAL FORESTRY MINING & QUARRYING TRANSPORTATION FISHING CONSTRUCTION COMMUNICATION
  2. 2. Evolution of Supply Chains
  3. 3. Present Scenario in F&V Value Chain
  4. 4. Supply Chain Development- Major Constraints ISSUES ACTION NEEDED Predominantly marginal or small farmers – small quantities of marketable surplus & limited bargaining power. Aggregation of produce needed for value addition & bargaining power - farmers to have better market access through SHGs, Cooperatives, Farmers’ Companies etc. – Aggregation/ Collection/ Value Addition Centres to be set up near farm gate. Poor availability of markets & monopolistic tendencies of APMCs. Amendments in State APMR Acts to allow & facilitate alternate channels of marketing with a open choice to farmers – direct purchasing, farmers’ markets, contract farming, private markets, modern terminal markets, e- trading etc. Inadequate infrastructure in wholesale markets / rural primary markets Modernization of existing markets with public investment or through PPP & facilitating setting up of modern private markets ISSUES ACTION NEEDED Lack of fair price discovery mechanism Providing facilities for electronic auction in wholesale markets, setting up of e-trading platforms (both futures & spot) & mitigating price risk through contract farming Multiple and exploitative intermediaries – low returns Fragmented supply chain, poor cold chain & high postharvest losses Encouragement to shortening of supply chain / vertical integration through direct marketing, organized retail chain, incentives to integrated cold chain infrastructure with an end to end approach (TMC). Lack of cleaning, grading, packaging & quality certification facilities Promotion of aggregation/ consolidation in various ways, incentive to grading & quality assurance infrastructure and creation of awareness about quality & food safety standards.
  5. 5. APMC Reforms: Old to New System • OLD :- • BUYER FARMER • NEW :- • BUYER FARMER MANDI GOVT. / PRIVATE MARKETS COMMODITY EXCHANGE DIRECT PURCHASE CONTRACT FARMING FARMERS MARKET
  6. 6. Evolving Supply Chains
  7. 7. Evolving Organized Retail Chain
  8. 8. The Product Value Chain FINANCE MICROFINANC E, BANKS, ETC. TECHNOLOGY (FARM IMPLEMENTS) FARM INPUTS (SEED, FERTILISERS ETC. RESEARCH (e.g. NARO) TRAINING & EXTENSION SERVICES PRIMARY PRODUCT LOCAL MARKETS MARKET LOGISTICS EXPORT MARKET VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS RESEARCH (FOOD SCIENTISTS) TECHNOLOGY FOR AGROPROCESSING (Add Value) FARMER/FARM C O N S U M E R FACILITATORS ARE SALES PERSONNEL H A R V E S T Facilitators Are EPB; AGOA, etc. Post harvest loss
  9. 9. Another Model Of Value Chain
  10. 10. Suggested Supply Chain for Organized F&V Retail

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