NOURISH TO FLOURISH:REDUCINGMALNUTRITION
ALMOST EVERY SECOND CHILD IN OUR COUNTRY IS
STUNTED BECAUSE OF CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
Malnutrition, the result of
a lack of essential
nutrients, resulting in
poorer health, may be
caused by a number of
circumstances. In many
developing countries long-
malnutrition is widespread
- simply because people do
not have enough food to
According to the World Health Organization (WHO),
malnutrition is the gravest single threat to global public health.
BESIDES FOOD SHORTAGE OTHER REASONS FOR MALNUTRITION ARE:-
Poor diet - if a person does not
eat enough food, or if what they
eat does not provide them with
the nutrients they require for
good health, they suffer from
malnutrition. Poor diet may be
caused by one of several different
factors. If the patient
difficulties) because of an illness,
or when recovering from an
illness, they may not be able to
consume enough of the right
Mental health problems -
some patients with mental
health conditions, such as
depression, may develop eating
habits which lead to
malnutrition. Patients with
anorexia nervosa or bulimia may
develop malnutrition because
they are ingesting too little food.
Mobility problems - people
with mobility problems may
suffer from malnutrition, simply
because they either cannot get
out enough to buy foods, or find
preparing them too arduous.
Digestive disorders and stomach
conditions - some people may eat properly,
but their bodies cannot absorb the nutrients
they need for good health. Examples include
patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative
colitis. Such patients may need to have part of
the small intestine removed (ileostomy).
Individuals who suffer from Celiac disease
have a genetic disorder that makes them
intolerant to gluten. Patients with Celiac
disease have a higher risk of damage to the
lining of their intestines, resulting in poorer
food absorption. Patients who experience
serious bouts of diarrhea and/or vomiting may
lose vital nutrients and are at higher risk of
suffering from malnutrition.
INITIATIVES TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT TO
Mid Day Meal :The Mid Day Meal Scheme is a multi-faceted
programme of the Government of India that, among other things, seeks to
address issues of food security, lack of nutrition and access to education
on a pan nation scale.[ It involves provision for free lunch on working days
for children in Primary and Upper Primary Classes in Government,
Government Aided, Local Body, Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and
Alternate Innovative Education (AIE) Centres, Madrasa and Maqtabs
supported under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and National Child labour
Project (NCLP) Schools run by Ministry of Labour.
Food Security Bill: This bill is to provide for food and nutritional
security in human life cycle approach by ensuring access to adequate
quantity of quality food at affordable price to people to live a life with and
for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Mid Day Meal that is active
since has not been successful
completely . Recently many
students died because of food
1.Part of the problem is poor infrastructure.
Thousands of schools in India do not even have
their own buildings, and are run from community
centres with no storage facilities. Many schools
are no bigger than a single room.
2.There is complete absence of the internal controls,
regular monitoring and evaluation of the Scheme as
per the guidelines
These deaths could had been prevented with strict
adherence to protocols for preparing the mid day
FOOD SECURITY BILL THAT HAS BEEN RECENTLY
PASSED BY LOK SABHA HAS FOLLOWING
47 lak out of 13.8 cr rural
households in India own
less than 100 sq mt
51% of rural
less than 100 sq
m of land don’t
have ration cards
22% of them
2.7 % of them
meant for poorest
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?
ALTHOUGH INITIATIVES THAT ARE ACTIVE ARE SUFFICIENT TO TACKLE
MALNUTRITION PROVIDED THEY ARE IMPLEMENTED PROPERLY.
Model of solution proposed:
•This can be done by checking previous records and analyzing them.
We should know where and when to expect acute malnutrition
•By providing them adequate amount of nutritients as early as any effects of
malnutriton are seen.
Population suffering from malnutrition should get
immediate and effective treatment
•It should get proper funding so that treatment doesn’t get delayed.
Every village should have a treatment centre
specialized to counter this
To make Food Security Bill and Mid Day Meal
scheme to have powerful effect :
CORRUPTION should be uprooted. This can be done by
making stringent laws.
Not the least, all the stakeholders – governments, rural and
urban local bodies, CSOs, private sector, professional
institutions, international organizations and donors must
come, stay and work together in tandem to accelerate and
expedite achievement of ‘zero hunger and malnutrition’ in
India, making optimum use of the National Alliance
Against Hunger and Malnutrition.
parents should be made aware of all effects of malnutrition.
This can be done by giving them real life examples.
As a nation we aspire to be a
superpower but that wont
happen unless we fight to
give our children a healthy
Hunger and Malnutrition in India: Status, causes
Gov.uk: Reducing hunger and malnutrition in
Action against hunger
WHO India Data
Hindustan Times and The Hindu