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  1. 1. Anjula Singh Renu Verma Aradhana Singh Saumya Shukla Akriti Gupta Protecting the vulnerable- Providing social welfare to informal sector workers
  2. 2. Informal sector in India- India's UNORGANISED SECTOR created 57% of the Indian Net Domestic Product in 2006, about 9 fold less per worker than the organized sector. According to the NCEUS, only about 7% of the total workforce in India has any form of social security. Among INFORMAL WORKERS, 42.7% worked from HOME and another 7.7% ON STREETS directly in front of their homes. In JOB- BASED CONCEPT OF INFORMALITY about 87.8% of all employed respondents are grouped as informal workers, among which 92% are YOUTH, 91.3% are WOMEN. MEN and those in MIDDLE- AGE GROUP(25-39) constitute the FORMAL SECTOR. Job –based conceptEnterprise – based concept Proxy operationalization Full operationalization- by Hussmanns (2004) Informal Workers INFORMAL ECONOMY % INFORMAL WORKERS IN INDIA INFORMAL WORKERS FORMAL WORKERS94% 6%
  3. 3. Negative aspects of informal economy- • Unfair competition for good enterprises; • Less, or no tax income for the states; • Less, or no social security contributions for the states; • No decent wages for workers • Less savings ☞ no capital • Less spending ☞ weak domestic market • More occupational injuries/diseases; • Damage to the human capital ☞ no future… Identification Fragmentation Social security and protection Convergence Financial Exclusion Decent work Decent pay
  4. 4. AASRA SCHEME Mission: All those who work have rights at work, irrespective of where they work and how they work. SOCIAL SECURITY – (medical care, sickness, old age, employment injury, family circumstances, maternity leave) SOCIAL PROTECTION –( identification, dignity, equality,) DECENT AND ORGANISED WORK-(better working conditions, recognition, flexibility, certainty) DECENT INCOME –(fixed minimum wage, loans, pension, welfare fund ) Better standards of living –( education, vocational training , computer training , Small entrepreneurial ventures ) Region wise registration of workers for identification and authentication facilitated by a central management team backed by technological and organizational enablers and volunteers at AASRA CENTRES Recruitment of workers on the basis of their skills, family conditions and employers requirement(if necessary) Strict surveillance and monitoring committee Exposure to existing beneficial schemes for workers CONVERGENCE with multilateral agencies, government, trade unions, employer’s federation, NGO’s, universities at international and national level Identification Social security Social protection Proving access to them to existing schemes and better plans Relevant, timely and reliable income and statistics Potential Skills and knowledge enhancement programmes Job security Defragmentation Protection against any criticism and irresponsible social behaviour VISION IMPLEMENTATION ADVANTAGES To provide -
  5. 5. Recruitment : outlining steps for the selection of AASRA employees 01 Graduation required Computer and IT skills required Good knowledge of English (compulsory) Hindi/Local language is also required Should be good in social behaviour and public handling Volunteers drawn from various service professions, retired executives and graduate students Block Level -- 11 employees District Level -- 15 employees (managing block level) Mandal Level -- 10 employees (monitoring district level) State Level -- 5 employees (supervising mandal level) National Level -- 1 representative from each state Manager (1) Supervisor (2) Employees (4) Block Level Description Organisation Hierarchy Eligibility/ Skills Required # Employees Description : Registration head, Accountant, H R manager , enquiry/complain head
  6. 6. Management : managing the informal workers and their employers 02 Manager : sole head of the organisation at the block level, manages all the activities and monitors the work of supervisor, legal framework Supervisor : supervision of lower officials , record keeping and surveillance, better demographic planning Registration Head : getting informal workers and employers registered (identity verification , educational, family and income details ) H R Manager : deals with statutory social security coverage, skill development training , accessibility collaboration and promotion of the beneficial schemes , promotion to better sector (if eligible), better national and international framework ,representation of workers Accountant : managing finance, funds, accounts , pension, insurance and loans Enquiry/Complaint Head : deals with public feedback and enquiries both from the informal workers and the employers
  7. 7. 1. Online and manual detailed registration of the informal workers and the employers at the AASRA CENTERS /AASRA WEBSITE 2. Employers should specify their needs( kind of work, timings, any other) 3. Domestic workers should specify their areas of expertise, timings, working conditions and education details 4. Allotment will be on “FIRST COME FIRST SERVE ” basis considering requirements and specifications preference will be given to widows, divorcee, single earning member and physically challenged 5. Pay for every work will be fixed and predetermined in accordance with “MINIMUM WAGE ACT”. 6. A day’s work can be construed as ‘8 hours work’ and wages to be calculated accordingly; If appointed for lesser hours in a day, wages should be in proportion and be calculated either daily or monthly basis for that category of work 7. Prohibited the employment of children below the age of ‘14’ years 8. Daily wages should be calculated by dividing the monthly rate by 26 and rounded off to the nearest 10 paisa 9. A minimal amount will be deducted from their salary and equal sum of money will be paid by the government , this gross amount can be accessed by the workers at the time of need (in the form of loans, pension, medical aids , casualty, etc) . The ordinary wages should be paid for overtime work. 10. Mode of payment will be through challan slips and therefore their salary will be directly transferred to their respective accounts 11. Unregistered workers /employers will be punished under the law. 12. Surveillance committee will send “inspector” to inspect any domestic premises under any of the Labour Enactments & Rules 13. Complaint handling – complains against the worker/ employer will be filed and accordingly surveillance will be setup. If found guilty they will be panelised and their registration will be cancelled for a year, and if not then the person concerned who have filed the application will be punished 14. If the worker/ employer have filed the complaint should have justified reason 15. Crouches and primary education will b e provided to the worker’s children 16. Medical facilities will b provided to them at subsidised rates 17. Counselling will be done on monthly basis to make them aware of existing schemes. 18. Skill enhancement training will provided to the workers. 19. If workers found suitable for better work, they will be awarded a better sector of work (teaching, care takers of the crouches) 20. maternity leave will be given for 3 months by the government in which she will be given Rs. 300/month, which can be recovered by deducting Rs. 75/month for a year 21. another worker will be allotted for these 3 months, at overtime wages IMPLEMENTATION ON DOMESTIC WORKERS
  8. 8. 1. Online and manual registration of day labours/ thekedars (construction site labours and agricultural farms) 2. Recruiters should mention workforce, duration of tenure, facilities available (if any) and other details. 3. Necessary allowances: personal allowances, basic safety measures and first- aid(compulsory). 4. Wages will be fixed on the basis of: 5. Allotment of work will be on the basis of : IMPLEMENTATION ON DAY LABOURS 6. Recruiters should have provisions for above mentioned compulsory allowances, failing which will leads to cancellation of their registration. 7. Recruiters who required labour( at least for a month) will have to register else if the recruiters require labours on the daily basis will have to report at the AASRA centre and available labours will be allotted on the spot after submitting half of fixed payment in advance. 8. Recruiter of the labours can file complaints if they are facing any sort of problem or unsatisfied. 9. Vocational, skill enhancement and hands on industrial training(equipment, material handling etc.) will be provided. 10. Medical, educational and beneficial scheme will be made accessible. i. Working conditions ii. Type of work iii. Working hours iv. Other facilities v. Tenure i. Age ii. Gender iii. Health iv. Skills expertise(if desired) v. Area under reach
  9. 9. Online and manual detailed registration of street vendors(vegetables seller, thelawalas, etc ) at AASRA CENTRES market place will be sectorised an organised market will be created for street vendors in the nearby locality the opening and closing time of the market place will be pre- decided and those vendors who want to sell their products will have to come to this place only depending on the entry of the registered vendors, they will be allotted the specific local market where they can sell their products in the peak hours in usual hours(excluding peak hours), vendors are to sell their products by taking rounds (feri). during their usual working hours they have to wear their identity cards (mandatory). street vendors without registration will be panelised registered vendors can file complaint against unregistered ones periodic inspection will be done prices of the products in the local market in accordance with mandi prices quality of the products in the market will be maintained and inspected, failure of which will leads to cancellation of the registration customers queries ( prices, feedback, enquiry) will be resolved through sms/e-mail/AASRA centres customer can place the order through sms/e-mail/call specifying date, time and venue. In this case they have to pay service charge too. registered vendors will get products from the local market at subsidised rate free accounts will be opened for the registered vendors with ease, where they can submit some amount which will be paid higher rate of interest after the age of 50 loans will be easily provided to them at low interest rate they will be provided access to better medical aids at subsidised rates primary education will be provided ( night schools, government educational centres) rest rooms facilitated with basic amenities (drinking water, washrooms, crèches, first aid ) in the local market place which will be accessible to customers and vendors safety measures (guards, policemen, fire- extinguishers ) will be provided IMPLEMENTATION ON STREET VENDORS
  10. 10. CHALLENGES AND RISKS MITIGATION FACTORS Uneducated and ignorant informal workers do not analyse the value of their registration and identification. They are conservative so may be there will be problems in deducting some amount of their salary as development funds Government and society people may behave indifferently to the scheme and it’s hard for them to accept it Workers should have the faith in the scheme Government or co-operates funding to this scheme Infrastructure may be a problem ( but this can be compromised if AASRA centres are running in the block only). Integration of such a large sector may pose a problem  CONVERGENCE- with multilateral agencies, government, trade unions, employer’s federation, NGO’s, universities at international and national level  ENHANCEMENT CENTRES running under AASRA CENTRES will impart various planned skills and workshops  PROPAGATION- of the scheme through T.V , radio, media, pamphlets distribution, advertising /awareness campaign, etc.  INTEGRATION with formal education in various universities, schools  COUNCELLING of the informal workers will be carried periodically.  FUNDING from various sources NGOs , non – government organisations • Computer literacy • English proficiency • Public dealing • Basic accounting • Smarter way to do their work by using available technology • To use FIRST-AID in efficiently. • Hospitality SKILLS IMPARTED AT ENHANCEMENT CENTRES
  11. 11. TOTAL COST /ANNUM Promotional Cost : (PAMPHLETS, MEDIA , TELEVISION, RADIO, TRAINING INSTITUTES, ENHANCEMENT CENTRES ) Rs. 5 LAKHS (approximately) FOUNDATION COST ORGANISATIONAL COST:  STATE LEVEL OFFICIALS – Rs. 3,50,000(5 * 70,000)  MANDAL LEVEL OFFICIALS– Rs. 6,00,000 (10 * 60,000)  DISTRICT LEVEL OFFICIALS – Rs. 8,25,000 ( 15 * 55,000)  BLOCK LEVEL OFFICIALS— # Manager- Rs. 50,000 (1 * 50,000) # Supervisor –Rs. 80,000 (2 * 40,000) # lower officials – Rs. 1,20,000( 4 * 30,000) INFRASTRUCTU- RAL COST :  If operates in existing government building then no funding required  Otherwise approx. Rs. 10 crores / annum/state TECHNOLOGI- CAL COST : Rs. 2 crores /annum
  12. 12. APPENDIX References:- • Bhalla, S. (2003). The Restructuring of the Unorganized Sector in India. Retrieved from _ch1.pdf • National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized sector. (2009). The Challenge of Employment in India. Retrieved from 20II).pdf • Kulshreshtha, A.C. (2011). Measuring the Unorganized Sector in India. Retrieved from • Wikipedia • http::// • Background doc1 for paper39 •