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  1. 1. PRIMARY EDUCATION A STEP TOWARDS NATION BUILDING Team Details Alluri Dinesh Varma Eshu Kalra Harshvardhan Singh Rahul Satija Suyesh Sanghi IMT Ghaziabad 13-15 Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  2. 2. Problem Definition  With over 8 lakh schools imparting primary education in the country, the quality they provide is still very alarming  Even with implementation of Right to education act the quality of education is deteriorating. Only 61% of allocations were spent in FY 2011-12  Only 40% of the schools giving primary education(only primary) in India have a permanent Headmaster  Some basic facilities like drinking water(8%) and sanitation facilities (50%) are still missing from many schools all over the country, especially in rural areas.  Private education institutes have been flourishing all over the country especially in rural areas due to low quality of education which acts as a deterrent for many with low level of incomes. Even after reaching a phenomenal level of penetration of primary schools the quality of primary education in our country is at dangerously low levels and is declining at a very fast rate. Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  3. 3. Present Condition  Student attendance is at 71%, a number that has dropped in the last four years. Bihar is at the bottom of the list here, with 50% student attendance. The teacher absenteeism is also an issue with only 75% teachers present on a given day  Cause: Since the quality teachers are unavailable, the students have no motivation to come and attend the school  The number of private school enrolment is at dangerously high levels and the private tutoring is also at a worrying stage.  Cause: The absence of quality teachers and the lack of infrastructure in govt. schools is keeping them away from the school  The quality of teachers specially contractual is very bad because most them have a maximum qualification of Senior Secondary or less and a large number of government teachers have also failed to pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) mandated by the RTE. In Delhi, only 7% of teachers passed the TET As per the surveys like ASER and DICE the low quality of education has prevalent almost all over the rural belt of the country and also to some parts of urban area in some backward states like Bihar and Jharkhand. To tackle the present scenario, we have Shiksha model Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  4. 4. SHIKSHA MODEL Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  5. 5. ORGANISATION STRUCTURE OF THE GOVERNING BOARD committees State Level HeadsZonal HeadsNational Head President VP North Zone Director MP Director UP VP West Zone VP East Zone VP South Zone Director TN Director AP Treasury General Awareness Committee ESR Review board QA Committee Cost Estimate • The estimated costs for this organisation is expected to be INR 75 Crore per year for its operations across India. • All costs like employee salaries are estimated as per current trend in the country. • The yearly costs mentioned above, include a one time investment of INR 30 Crore on infrastructure. • The costs might go down if there are already existing Government infrastructure facilities. Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  6. 6. Governing Board The main purpose of the review board is to enhance the quality of education by improvising upon the teaching standards in primary education of India. Activities Why ? •Assuring the quality of education provided to students, especially from Government schools. •Making sure the curriculum of schools and the curriculum of teachers’ courses are as per current day standards. Making suggestions for the changes in curriculum wherever required. •Make sure the Pupil to Teacher (PTR) ratio is uniformly distributed. The overall ratio in India stands at 32%. But it needs to be uniform across all states. • Coming up with infrastructure facilities for schools. • Having a complaint wing for teaching related concerns with a toll-free number, which can address them accordingly. QA Committee •Yearly review of information provided by each private school. Ensuring private schools are compliant with the rules of Education Social Responsibility (ESR). •Reviewing the performance of teachers based on quantitative and qualitative results, and recognize suitable members. Also, reviewing the completion of their goals and promoting them accordingly. •Ensuring facilities for teachers who travel to rural areas as part of ESR activities, also reimburse for expenses like travel etc. •Measures against private schools who do not comply with ESR activities. ESR Review Board •Arrange workshops for teachers across all the regions to improve the teaching skills and their responsibility towards the society. •Encourage CSR activities towards educational sector and provide corporates with information on which area they need to invest their resources in. •Design training programmes or workshops for teachers. Also promote the movement of education in India to attract more resources. General Awareness Committee Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  7. 7. Teachers – A Change in the Process The decrease in the quality of education can be attributed to lack of infrastructure, but mostly to the decrease in the quality of teaching process. Over 99 percent of the 7.95 lakh teachers who appeared for the latest CTET, a benchmark for teacher eligibility, failed to clear the exam. This clearly shows the lack of competency and motive in teachers. Below are the proposed solutions for motivating the teachers and improving the quality of teaching. Proposed Solutions • As per ESR, Teachers from private schools are encouraged to teach students from the surrounding Government schools, which lack quality teachers. • Teachers recruited for Government schools should be promoted based on their performance, and not on experience alone. • Recognition and public mention of effective teachers through media, based on the quality of education provided, number of new students one could bring in, by creating awareness programs. • A change in the curriculum of B.Ed. Courses which inculcate social responsibility, passion towards the profession should be included in the curriculum. Advantages and Costs •The quality of teaching in rural areas and other Government schools would improve. Cost: The costs for this would be covered from 5% of the private school’s profits, as defined by ESR. •Teachers would be motivated to work towards the betterment of student learning and the teaching methods too. • Motivation factor for the teachers towards qualitative education and involve more children towards primary education. Cost: The recognition costs have been estimated at INR 80 Lakhs per annum. • Provide better quality of teachers with more inclination towards the social cause. Cost: The change in curriculum would be taken care by the education governing board’s QA committee. Other minimal costs like new text books etc. have to be incurred. Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  8. 8. Schools – A Basic Need  40% of schools in India do not have functioning toilet.  40% of schools do not have separate girls toilet.  10% do not have access to drinking water.  60% does not have electricity  80% do not have computers  95.2% of schools are not compliant with the complete set of RTE infrastructure indicators Problems Proposed Solutions  The money spent on Infrastructure should be divided on the basis of the current state of education in the state e.g. Bihar, Jharkhand and North Eastern States should get the maximum amount.  Main focus should be given on buildings and basic amenities like water, electricity and sanitation.  Classes should be segregated based on the age and skill set of the students unlike now. Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  9. 9. ESR Education as Social Responsibility NORMS • Every School must register with the governing board • 5% on net profit of the school should go towards ESR • Annual report of the ESR activities done by the school must be submitted to the board. • If a school does not perform ESR, it has to give a valid reason and if found guilty will be penalized IMPORTANCE • Privileged kids get the best of education but it is right of every child for good education. So, imparting ESR is necessary, which provides part of private schools’ resources to schools which lack resources. • Schools run in India to raise its revenue, it is necessary that every school be in the boundaries of social responsibility for the purpose of social welfare and raising the standard of education EXPECTED RESULTS • Improved quality of primary education as good teachers and schools will be involved • Motivation factor for other teachers to participate • Percentage of students enrolled in primary education will increase • As a whole the net investment on education will increase which will create better educational infrastructure AGENDA – Increasing the role of Schools in Primary education Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  10. 10. Primary Education: A Solution for all Evils  Healing Touch: As per the facts given by “The Guardian” the countries where the level of primary education is good are generally good in basic healthcare facilities. E.g. Japan and Netherlands.  Walk to Equality: It can be easily concluded that by imparting the primary education a sense of equality and respect for women can be inculcated in the child and its unlikely that a literate man would fall for such heinous crimes.  Boosting Skill sets: When the quality of education will improve the skillset will also go up and so will be the demand for the person. This in turn will help in decreasing unemployment.  Sowing Prosperity: India being a agriculture based economy an educated farmer has been more productive and efficient. He will be able to practice the modern farming and thus increase its farming many folds.  Fairness at Play: An educated voter will be able to understand his good or bad and will be able to take a firm decision about the country unlike those who have always been lured by some persons for their ulterior motives.  Towards Cleaner India: A literate person has the sense of responsibility about the environment he lives in and will not indulge in activities that will spoil it. Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  11. 11. Primary Education & Economy  Taking cue from Japan’s past it is well known that Japan was able to enjoy a spurious economic growth after various devastating events like world war II because of the strong educational system set up after Mieji Restoration.  American Education has also proven that imparting quality education is more important than the number of years spent in school and it has a significant impact on the GDP growth as well. Source: Michaelowa, Katharina. (2000) “Returns to Education in Low Income Countries” So a strong foundation in education sector is needed for the economy to grow. If we can implement this in our country then being one of the youngest nations of the world can be the biggest resource India could ever generate. Problem Our Model ESR Economic Implications
  12. 12. References  ASER Report 2012  http://www.empiricalzeal.com/2012/01/19/the-state-of-indian-rural- education-2011/  DISE Report for Rural India 2011-12  DISE Report for Urban India 2011-12  http://www.firstpost.com/india/why-the-state-of-indias-primary-education- is-shocking-598011.html  http://www.ssireview.org/blog/entry/india_needs_more_teachers_better_te achers  http://www.rteforumindia.org/content/95-percent-schools-lack-rte- infrastructure-0  http://data.gov.in/dataset/number-teachers-educational-institutions-all- india-and-state-wise  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1746-1049.1963.tb01140.x/pdf  http://educationnext.org/education-and-economic-growth/