QUEST FOR THE GOLDEN HARVEST
Team details : Five grams per nation
•India is termed as “Bhumivargaha” i.e. gifted land in Sanskrit.
• Yet agricultures contribution is 17.4% (2012)1 in the
Resource management Farmer Empowerment Balanced Economy
PROBLEMS •Fragmented land practices and
reduction in land productivity
•Lack of water availability and
unsustainable water exploitation
•Maximum no. of unemployed
•Stunted awareness among farmers on
recent developments in the field of
•Loopholes in economic structure where
producer’s prices and consumer prices
•Inadequate MSP and Market availability
to marginal and FTI farmers.
REASON •60-70 % of Indian farmers have <1 ha
per holding land ,
•Total area under degradation is 105.48
•70% of the irrigation water is wasted.
•An estimated 29.4 million ha of Indian
soil is experiencing a decline in fertility
•55 crore farmers.
•90-95% are illiterate , technologically
unaided and practice unsound methods
of cultivation .
•More than 50% of rural population is
opting out of agriculture.
•Imbalanced price factors
•investment in infrastructure;
•inputs including credit and technology
• domestic and international trade
•marketing and rural non-farm sector.
WHY? Risk and failures in implementing
policies in improvising the production.
Major baseline deficit in building a
sustainable agricultural network and
Average income and profit
discrimination in policies and decline in
the net GDP
Sustainable agriculture by
integrated co-operative and corporate system
What is it?
•Agricultural management system (AMS) based on a corporate model
of hierarchy where at each level micro co-operative network is formed
between the involved stakeholders.
•Equity and economic reforms policy specific to guild of stakeholders at
the grassroots level of farmers to the consumer base.
•“ Seed to sell “ concept.
•Reduced mediation and ambiguity.
•Enhanced per capita production and average income
•Transparent networks of PDS
Integrated management practices
•Resource management -Scientific methodologies and Co-operative
•Farmer empowerment – concerted awareness and technical- social
skill set development.
•Balanced economy – providing entrepreneurship to farmers and
transparent universal PDS.
Integrated Corporate model Cooperative
adoption of crop
• Micro seed bank-
land reform agro
• Agro scientific
• Portals & help
lines; booklets and
placards in local
• Concept based
farmers and youth
• Marketing and
interstate and intra
& sharing of
• Setup of markets
Elucidating the concepts
• Land use pattern
• Soil fertility
• Seed cultures
• Issuing health
• Sharing of profits
• Judicious use of
water and energy
• Easier to conduct
• Makes farmers
• More inflow of
liquid cash for
• Developing a link
between ‘farm to
Agro branding. Micro Scale C&C
Cooperative patency Royalty on every
Target based production
Providing Agro credits for
consumers by using agro
techniques- drip , pot,
Creating a database that is
also available in the local
language and making
farmers scientifically sound.
Quarterly sales programs Extending SHG programs. Vayalagam concept–
maintains the use of village
Providing in-house expertise.
Merchandising Redirecting cannel to ground
water recharge by using rain
maximum cultivation in a
particular area, thus acting
as a climate change mitigate.
Direct approach forming
urban rural consumption
Globalizing the agro brand
on a national portal.
Cluster farming- land sharing
reforms for vegetation.
Green laboratories- quarterly
testing for local agricultural
parameters e.g. Seed, soil
Agricultural labor boosting
round the year.
Eco labeled products will get
Companion cropping (Mixed
cropping) system & grassland
cultivation on farm
Drop box concept- sharing
progressive ideas on the
world wide web.
Leveraging financial aid.
•Leveraging existing government infrastructure.
•Financial human resources, requirement and statistics
•Incentives for cluster farming
•Land reclamation- through grassland and weed cultivation.
•Amends in APMC act that doesn’t not allow market member and producers direct
interaction with their consumers.
•C&C concept should help in bringing domestic market reforms.
•Reduction of fertilizer subsidies and mass production of organic fertilizers.
•Low investment in crop maintenances.
•Land convergence will transform marginal farmers in to higher stake holders.
•Reduction in crop loss due to banning of chemical pesticides
•Proposed sources for funding
•Increases storage facilities.
•Improves quality of transport.
•Maintains the productivity and the yield.
•Better living for farmers and their family.
• From local to central i.e. from community to national
•Interaction between farmers on a national level.
• Reduces the use of pesticides by using methods of
•Cluster farming act as carbon sinks, thus giving rise to
“agro villages” , thus being environmentally sound.
•Steady growth in GDP will be observed on quarterly
•Implementation of feedback obtained from drop box
from various areas.
•Socio- economic and political challenges.
•Land ceiling act and land acquisition act bars the progress of small and marginal
farmers. Risk and failed strategies in crop insurance policies.
•Blocked liquidity between FPO and private producers and the direct buyers.
•Discrepancy in loan waivers and heavy pricing in procuring of seeds an fertilizers.
•Traders and middlemen exploit the SMFs .
•At all India level, the share of formal source varies from 22.6% to 58% for small and
marginal farmers while it varies from 65 to 68% for medium to large farmers.
•The policies of huge subsidies and protection policies by developed countries have
negative effects on small holding farmers in developing countries.
•Modern techniques to glamorize the agro industries.
•Economic liberalization and decentralization aiding farmers with technological skills.
•Network for distance learning so as rural enterprises can become internationally
• The rural youth is targeted though technical education innovative employment and
•Increasing demand supply ratio reaching out to rural and urban markets.
•Reduction of heavy prices and inflation .
•Wastage of excessive production and storage issues can be managed.
•Over grazing forest grazing can be minimized through grassland cultivation.
•Exploiting IPR, MSPs ,NFSM, RKVY, and FCI and other agricultural programmers can be
integrated under this concept.
Present v/s future
• Increasing average income of
agricultural stakeholders and SMF’s
will be targeted through Integrated
• Capitalizing on the agricultural
scientific advances and overcoming
mediation and fiscal deficit can be
the agenda for the next five year plan
providing such a holistic perspective.
• Agricultural employment at the moment
is 72% according to WB database
• The current share of agriculture in GDP
growth is 4.8% in the 1st quarter of 2012-
• Net income of SMF which form 84 % of
total farmers, their average income is
only Rs. 1818/per month from all source.
where as their total expenditure is
coming to about Rs. 2678 per month.
• 1 world data bank
• India: Issues and Priorities for Agriculture-http://www.worldbank.org
• Guidelines for National Agriculture Development Programme (NADP)
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) Department of Agriculture &
Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture Government of India
• The state of small scale farming in the developing world-
• Small Farmers in India: Challenges and Opportunities - S.Mahendra Dev,
Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai,June 2012
• DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL FARMS IN INDIA : PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
(Theme Paper) by Dr. T. Haque,National Centre for Agricultural Economics
and Policy Research, New Delhi
• Images: Corbis.com