Team Details:
COORDINATOR:NEERAJ GUPTA
RAVI KUMAR
A. The water and sanitation crisis
 21% of communicable diseases in India are related to unsafe
water quality.
 In India...
PROMOTING
SEA WATER
USES
 Mixing in 2:3 of sea water and fresh water is usable up to some
extent. Wherever possible sea w...
PRESERVING
FRESH WATER
BODIES
We shouldn't dump industrial waste in fresh water bodies like
rivers, lakes, ponds etc.
Hu...
SEWAGE
TREATMENT
PLAN(STP)
There should be law to make compulsory for all industries
which uses water in large quantity t...
MERITS OF PROPOSED SOLUTIONS OVER EXISTING SOULTIONS
Promotes more utilization of seawater available in plenty.
Ensures ...
PACKED DRINKING WATER: Establishment of 1 plant in each state
SETUP OF
ECONOMICAL
PLANTS IN
STATES
BOTTLED WATER
(20L EAC...
PROMOTING DRY CLEANING AND PREVENTING WATER WASTAGE
GOVERNMENT ROLE:
Promoting the techniques and awareness about the pr...
SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT(STP)
There must be a law that states “every industry must have sewage treatment plan”
FUNDING: Ent...
IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES
Constructing water pipelines across the different areas
require massive fund.
Distribution of ...
We believe that if any of
these two plans are
effectively and honestly
implemented will bring
water and health
revolution ...
REFERENCES
EHOW.COM(SEA WATER ASPECTS)
NCRPB.NIC.IN(PIPELINE COST ESTIMATION)
WIKIPEDIA(PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM)
WA...
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5EYES

  1. 1. Team Details: COORDINATOR:NEERAJ GUPTA RAVI KUMAR
  2. 2. A. The water and sanitation crisis  21% of communicable diseases in India are related to unsafe water quality.  In India,diarrhea alone causes more than 1600 deaths daily.  Only about 14% of rural population has access to a toilet room. B. Slum environment  Dusty environment.  Unhygienic urban slums. C. Poor sanitation and vector breeding places  Poor disposal of solid waste and liquid waste.  Poor house not worth for human living.  No drainage system and toilets. REST OF THE WORLD INDIA INDONESIA PAKISTAN ETHIOPIA NIGERIA SUDAN CHINA NIGERIA BURKINA FASO MOZAMBIQUE CAMBODIA MOZAMBI BRAZIL Countries with the largest numbers of people practicing open defecation (millions) Nearly 60 per cent of those practicing open defecation live in India
  3. 3. PROMOTING SEA WATER USES  Mixing in 2:3 of sea water and fresh water is usable up to some extent. Wherever possible sea water can be used ,for e.g. i. Sea-water can be used in chiller plants of air-conditioning systems. ii. Sea-water can be used in hydro power plants. iii. Many human activities can be done from sea-water except few like drinking. WATER LESS /LESS WATER CONSUMING TOILET To preserve water we should use waterless toilet or toilet which consume less water should be used as much as possible, Specially in urban areas where people can afford such toilets. In developing countries, waterless toilets can provide sanitation on little infrastructure and are doubly helpful in regions prone to droughts
  4. 4. PRESERVING FRESH WATER BODIES We shouldn't dump industrial waste in fresh water bodies like rivers, lakes, ponds etc. Human daily activities shouldn't be done near water bodies. Use a composting system in garden. The chemicals in synthetic fertilizers have the potential to harm local water bodies. PROMOTING DRY CLEANING Less use of water in daily activities like bathing and washing clothes etc. Economical Dry cleaning techniques should be developed and promoted. PACKAGED BOILED DRINKING WATER Providing packaged boiled drinking water in identified areas which are under rarest of rare condition just like food security bill as water is more important to survive than food,we can grow food but not water. We can also provide this facility to infants and up to the age of five(minimum 20L per month per infant) and also to pregnant women. “A person can live few days without food but not without water.”
  5. 5. SEWAGE TREATMENT PLAN(STP) There should be law to make compulsory for all industries which uses water in large quantity to have sewage treatment plant(STP) CLEANING OF WATER BODIES There must be system of regular cleaning of water bodies in those where there is no water treatment plant. COMMON ANSWER IS AWARENESS • We should make people aware for improve sanitation and effect of pollution on their health. SOAP SUPPLY TO THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN • Promote hand wash so that they can protect themselves from deadly bacteria. GARBAGE DESTROY • Lots of garbage are present in slum area which causes deadly diseases in those areas, so there must be a effort of government to destroy as much as possible. BUILDINGMORE AND MORE TOILET • Nearly 73 per cent households in rural India practice open Defecation (OD) irrespective of having or not having toilet facilities.
  6. 6. MERITS OF PROPOSED SOLUTIONS OVER EXISTING SOULTIONS Promotes more utilization of seawater available in plenty. Ensures safe drinking water to infants and pregnant women which is of prime importance for the country growth. More impact in small cost and bring revolution IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLUTIONS SEA WATER USES SEA WATER PIPELINE/CAN AL COMMMUNITY CENTER PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION Central government role :  Provides water to the state by pipeline or canal. State government role : Distribution of water in entire states through proper channels. Proposed source of funding : Partly by central and state government as per their roles mentioned above. PIPELINE NETWORK BUILDING:DATA PER KM Cost of 1000mm pipe/km=18lacs Fitting cost/km approx(including labour cost, HEMs)=5lacs Contractor profit@10%=2.4lacs Total cost/km =Approx 25 lacs
  7. 7. PACKED DRINKING WATER: Establishment of 1 plant in each state SETUP OF ECONOMICAL PLANTS IN STATES BOTTLED WATER (20L EACH) PRIMARY HEALTH CENTER DISTRIBUTED TO INFANTS AND PREGNANT WOMEN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM : Use of existing distribution system of medical facility. FUNDING :Central Government. Funding details below. TOTAL FUNDING REQUIRED PER STATE SETUP COST 2000LPH ECONOMY PLANT MACHINERY COST=1CRORE APPROX. PER STATE(ONE TIME) OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE COST =5CRORES(ONE TIME)ORGANIZATION COST 1CRORE PER ANNUM CONSISTING OF 50 EMPLOYEE OTHER COST INCLUDING TRANSPORTAT- ION MAINTAINENC -E AND MATERIALS REQUIRED =2.5CRORE TOTAL COST per state=APPROX. 7CRORE ONE TIME +APPROX.3.5CRORE PER ANNUM
  8. 8. PROMOTING DRY CLEANING AND PREVENTING WATER WASTAGE GOVERNMENT ROLE: Promoting the techniques and awareness about the prevention of water wastage. Promoting research on dry cleaning methods. FUNDING: Require no special funding. We can ask for journals and research papers from the citizens of the country and promote the best one. IMPLEMENTATION OF SANITATION IDEAS: Creating awareness by taking complete help from NGOs FUNDING: Require no special funding GARBAGE DESTROY: People must be learnt to become responsible for destroying the garbage created by them. FUNDING: Require no special funding PROVIDING SOAP TO CHILDREN STUDYING IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOL: class Limit:Upto class 10 Cost per child 2x5=Rs.10(EACH SOAP COST RS.5) TOTAL COST FOR 20 Crore children=20x10=Rs.200crores MONTHLY CLEANING OF WATER BODIES IMPLEMENTATION: Promoting NGOs to carry forward the entire monthly cleaning work. FUNDING: Completely by NGOs .GOVT may help if require.
  9. 9. SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT(STP) There must be a law that states “every industry must have sewage treatment plan” FUNDING: Entirely by the respective organization or industry WATER LESS TOILET/LESS WATER CONSUMING TOILETS Creating awareness among upper class citizens who can afford such toilets. GOVERNMENT ROLE : Ensuring Availability of such toilet in markets. Giving responsibities to NGOs for creating awareness. FUNDING: No funding require. IMPACT OF SOLUTIONS: Criteria to measure the impact of solution :On the basis of diseases data provided by Health Ministry of India. Public feedback SCALABILITY OF SOLUTION: The plans mentioned will improve the overall health record of the country as a result there will be less cases of water-borne diseases and protect the infants from deadly diseases. There’ll be no water crisis. Ensure correct utilization of drinking water. There will be no more garbage. SUSTAINABILITY OF SOLUTION: A supply system will be sustainable only if it promotes efficiencies in both the supply and the demand sides. Initiatives to meet demand for water supply will be sustainable if they prioritize measures to avoid water waste. MONITORING MECHANISM: Strict monitoring by Ministry of Health.
  10. 10. IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Constructing water pipelines across the different areas require massive fund. Distribution of health care materials (soap, packaged water) will be of great challenge. Creating awareness among peoples and require NGOs efforts. Implementation may not be easy in slum areas. Burning of garbage will pollute the air. Difficult to improve sanitation in these ideas where there is a less number of toilets. Government seriousness in implementing the plans. Coordination between state and central government will be a challenge. MITIGATION FACTORS Self funded models require public interest. Awareness campaign. Coordination with primary health centers.
  11. 11. We believe that if any of these two plans are effectively and honestly implemented will bring water and health revolution in the country.
  12. 12. REFERENCES EHOW.COM(SEA WATER ASPECTS) NCRPB.NIC.IN(PIPELINE COST ESTIMATION) WIKIPEDIA(PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM) WATER.ORG(WATER FACTS) GOOGLE IMAGES(LOGO) UNICEF Water, Environment and Sanitation(www.unicef.org/india/wes.html)

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