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  1. 1.  Today, more than one billion people lack access to safe water and over three billion, half of humanity, do not have adequate sanitation facilities.  The number of people without adequate water and sanitation facilities could reach 5.5 billion in the next 20 years.  Forty percent of people do not have improved sanitation facilities in developing countries. Providing “Sanitation facilities” and “Hygienic Awareness” is the Main Aim.
  2. 2.  Lack of priority to safe confinement and disposal of human excreta poses significant health risks manifest in the sanitation challenge facing the nation today.  Inadequate sanitation, hygiene or access to water increases the incidence of diarrheal diseases as well as death. Most diarrheal deaths in the world (88%) are caused by unsafe water, sanitation or hygiene.
  3. 3. To provide, with minimal impact on environment, acceptable, and sustainable sanitation services for hygienic awareness. Access to adequate sanitation literally signifies crossing the most critical barrier to a life of dignity and fulfillment of basic needs. Generate mass awareness on key behaviors and practices which need to be adopted for improved sanitation and hygienic conditions. Media should be used as a medium to encourage people and ensuring sustainability of sanitation infrastructure and behavior.
  4. 4. An is: “a source that by the nature of its construction adequately protects the source from outside contamination in particular with fecal matter”. An is: “ a facility that hygienically separates human waste from human contact”.
  5. 5. Piped into dwelling, plot or yard Public tap/standpipe Tube well/borehole Protected dug well Protected spring Rainwater collection Flush/pour flush to: piped sewer system septic tank pit latrine Ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine Pit latrine with slab Composting toilet Unprotected dug well Unprotected spring Cart with small tank/drum Tanker truck Surface water (river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal, irrigation canal)‫‏‬ Bottled water (unless 2nd Improved source) Flush/Pour flush to elsewhere Pit latrine without slab/open pit Bucket Hanging toilet/hanging latrine Shared and public facilities No facilities, bush or field UN-IMPROVEDIMPROVED Drinking Water Sanitation
  6. 6. To achieve the target of sanitation coverage while ensuring full and equal participation of persons by Providing adequate sanitation will have profound implications for human health and poverty alleviation. IMPLEMENTATION Government needs to step up first for food supply, education, medical treatment and dealing with other hygienic conditions. Government can create legislation and regulations to support improvement in access and quality of sanitation and hygiene services and bring together more resources in order to achieve success.
  7. 7. Access to adequate sanitation literally signifies crossing the most critical barrier to a life of dignity and fulfillment of basic needs. Focusing on youth , using education and taking responsibility for the environment. Supporting small-scale entrepreneurs and Constantly Monitoring progress.
  8. 8. Creating a demand for safe sanitation services: It can be done through social marketing of sanitation and behavior change communication for rural sanitation and also we can make efforts to improve the regulatory environment for sanitation through partnerships with governments, multilateral organizations, NGOs, and other advocates. Meeting the demand for safe sanitation services: To enable universal access to sustainable sanitation services by supporting the development of radically new sanitation technologies as well as markets for new sanitation products and services. Ensuring sustainability of sanitation infrastructure and behavior : Build global demand for better sanitation which includes efforts to end open defecation in rural areas and to implement improved measures for collecting waste, removing pathogens from waste streams, and recovering valuable resources and energy.