Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. MANTHAN TOPIC: TOWARDS CLEANER INDIA Providing Clean Drinking Water and Sanitation Facility to All Presented By Mahesh Dandgaval Kanchan Jain Divya Jain Gaurav Deshmukh Hiren Khatri
  2. 2. One of the main causes of the poor state of health in India is due to lack of safe drinking water and proper sanitation facility Overview Having access to safe drinking water and sanitation is central to living a life in dignity and upholding human rights. Yet billions of people still do not enjoy these fundamental rights. The rights to water and sanitation further require an explicit focus on the most disadvantaged and marginalized, as well as an emphasis on participation, empowerment, accountability and transparency. Around 1,000 children below the age of five die every day in India from diarrhea, hepatitis and other sanitation-related diseases Sanitation •with 63 crore people who practice open defecation, has more than twice the number of the next 18 countries combined •India has around 81.4 crore people without safe sanitation •94% cities across the country do not have even a partial sewage network •Only 31 per cent of I dia s population use improved sanitation (2008) Potable Water • 9.7 crore people in the country lack access to safe drinking water • Women, who have to collect the drinking water, are vulnerable to a number of unsafe practices. Only 13 per cent of adult males collect water. •Only a quarter the total population in India has drinking water on their premise. • Sixty seven per cent of Indian households do not treat their drinking water, even though it could be chemically or bacterially contaminated. Despite the fact that India experienced more economic growth, its regional least-developed-country (LDC) neighbors were able to make more progress on providing improved access to sanitation to their population, suggesting that India is not using its maximum available resources to fulfill MDG 7's sanitation target. India loses Rs 24,000 crore annually to lack of toilets/hygiene: World Bank
  3. 3. Solution through by using non conventional sources is an innovative way to reduce the problems of lack of potable water and sanitation system with respect to economy Innovative Proposed Solutions Using solar water purifier i.e. Distillation process Using method of rain water harvesting •Sunlight is one of several forms of heat energy that can be used to power that process. •Sunlight has the advantage of zero fuel cost •Extremely low cost, no need to high skill and easy to handling •Practiced for many years in tropical and sub-tropical regions where fresh water is scare. •Total expected lifetime output in liters. •There is no possibility of bacterial contamination or pollution •To arrest ground water decline and augment ground water table •To beneficiate water quality in aquifers •To conserve surface water runoff during monsoon •To reduce soil erosion •To inculcate a culture of water conservation •Upgrading the quality of life •Preserving the natural environment •Saving and processing waters •Saving of money •Economic development and tourism •Flooding incidences •Standard of living • Use of sewage sludge in agriculture because it conserves organic matter and completes nutrient cycles. •Sewage will be treated by biological treatment method •The systems are extremely reliable Sewage treatment
  4. 4. Water treatment by chlorination and conventional method •Reduces many disagreeable tastes and odors •Eliminates slime bacteria, molds and algae that commonly grow in water supply reservoirs, on the walls of water mains and in storage tanks •Removes chemical compounds that have unpleasant tastes and hinder disinfection •Helps remove iron and manganese from raw water. •Very economical, only 1 paisa/100 liter charge liable Promoting dry privy and eco sanitation in rural areas •They do not require water so are appropriate in areas where there is no adequate water supply. •Squatting is normal to many people and thus is acceptable to users. •Alternating double pits will allow the excreta to drain, degrade and transform into a nutrient-rich, safe humic material that can be used to improve soils. •They avoid contamination of surface water and top soil if properly installed and maintained. •They can be constructed with minimum cost using local material and local skills. •The presence of properly constructed slabs will allow easy cleaning and avoid flies and unsightliness. Promoting communal sanitation solution for urban slums •This program sought to improve the physical infrastructure of community and public toilets. •Improve the associated management systems in order to ensure long-term maintenance. •Sufficient lighting and ventilation; and enough water for all services. •Enhanced infrastructure. •Solution that will produce the most attractive, sustainable and hygienic alternatives to open defecation for slum residents.
  5. 5. We cannot improve on the system of government handed down to us by the founders of the Republic. There is no way to improve upon that. But what we can do is to find new ways to implement that system and realize our destiny. Implementing the plan Proposed Solution Implementation •Using solar water purifier The most common and cheapest form of solar distillation for implementation in poverty stricken regions is to use a solar still, which uses a clear face and a water holding device to perform the distillation. The most simple form and cheapest to construct. •Using method of rain water harvesting In Indian conditions, quantity of water is a problem. Water is not available to major population of India. So rain water harvesting technique to meet water crisis. It will be compulsory for all buildings to do water harvesting for their roof water. It will use irrigation purpose too. Small size chlorinators can be installed in all tube wells to purify water. The safe drinking water will be available to entire population. •Sewage treatment Growing urbanization has called for the need of efficient sewage system in the country. If massive investment is done on establishing sewage treatment plants. For implementation its necessary to evaluate the adequacy of the treatment plant, evaluate performance of different units and to identify the major deficiencies in the treatment plant.
  6. 6. Proposed Solution Implementation •Water treatment by chlorination Chlorination is a very popular method of water disinfection that has been used for many years. It is effective for killing bacteria and viruses. It is easy to applicable. Due to economical, we can provide rural parts easily. Rate of purification is high. •Promoting dry privy and eco sanitation Basically implemented rural and low-income urban areas. Mainly used as a household facility and for rural institutions. Operation of privy is quite simple and easy to installation. It is achieve economy. Maintenances is negligible. •Promoting communal sanitation solution Communal sanitation is easy to implementation for a slum area for urban slums where multiple users are there. It is low cost and easy to affordable sanitation system of facility management help overcome these collecti e actio problems and make communal toilets a sustainable option in urban slums Key elements of the implementation plan are designed to make it scalable and sustainable Strategic Implementation •Creating a demand for safe sanitation services •Meeting the demand for safe sanitation services •Ensuring sustainability of sanitation infrastructure and behavior
  7. 7. •Working collaboratively with stakeholders Go er e t depart e ts, ater ta ks co structio co pa ies, NGO s a d On rain water harvesting CBO s i ol ed i ater ta k project, a d ater ta k o ers householders: women and men from communities) to raise public awareness and bring about behavioral change to proper management and harvesting of rain water. •Working collaboration with stakeholders Government departments, ministry of water resources and irrigation On solar water purifier irrigation equipment companies, solar goods companies, government and private contractors, solar distillation owners to raise the use of solar distillation. •Working collaboration with stakeholders Government departments, central and state ministry of sanitation, On sewage treatment municipal corporation, government and private contractors, users of respective •Working collaboration with stakeholder Government departments, central and state ministry of drinking water, On Water treatment by chlorination and municipal corporation, city authority, government and river basin Conventional method orga izatio ‘BO s , co ittee represe tati es. •Working collaboration with stakeholder Government departments, central and state ministry of sanitation, gram On dry privy and eco sanitation panchayat, rural householders, NGO s, o ers. •Working collaboration with stakeholder Government departments, central and state ministry of sanitation, On communal sanitation municipal corporation, NGOs and INGOs active in the area, In addition to the above mentioned community groups, Public health officers, Local authority officers, Technical officers Non - governmental organizations who have being engaging in implementing and monitoring the eco-san projects in the case study area have identified as the key stakeholders. To engage stakeholders in the protection, improvement of water quality and sustainable implementation of innovations through public awareness and behavioral change activities especially to train and raise the awareness of target participants to ensure sustainable access to safe drinking-water through good water supply practice, and basic sanitation. Stakeholders involved in each step
  8. 8. Funding for the Special Operations Network comes directly from the government. Most work is centralized, but all of the SpecOps divisions have local representatives to keep a watchful eye on any provincial problems. Proposed source of funding Solar water purifier distillation process •Government and authority contribution •Villagers contribution •Granted for society •At least 50% subsidy from state government Rain water harvesting method •Government will provide 100% free technical assistance •At least 50% subsidy from state government •Society contribution •Granted from authority Sewage treatment and water treatment •Municipal corporation should increase 20% sanitation tax and water tax •Funding source from all part of the society •Loan fund from state government •From market interest •From allow private contractors Dry privy and eco sanitation •30% Central Government and 30% State Government subsidy •Funds from villagers •Respective authority contribution •Granted from society •Appeal rich and kind people to donate money Communal sanitation •Municipal corporation should get granted for sanitation tax •Loan fund for world bank •Loan fund for central and state government •Allow private contractors •Funding from all part of society
  9. 9. The proposed solution able to impact over 70 million people of India and to nourish the healthy society of the nation Impact and Reach Impact of Safe Drinking Water •Rate of mortality and morbidity will reduce •Load on medical facilities will reduce and human performance and efficiency will improve •Rate of diseases is reduced •Reduce the rate of diarrhea, hepatitis up to 70% •Improve the rate of children present in the schools •Childre s health improves markedly •Child and infant mortality rates decrease •More children will enroll and stay in school. •Additional international development goals are also more likely to be reached and sustained •poverty reduction, food security, gender equality, environmental stability and more stable global security. Impact of Proper Sanitation •Health of society in general will improve •City will look neat and clean •poverty reduction, food security, gender equality, environmental stability and more stable global security. • savings in health care costs • reduced sick leave and higher worker productivity •better learning capacities among schoolchildren - increased school attendance, especially by girls •national pride and strengthened tourism •reduced water treatment costs
  10. 10. Challenges The main challenge of pure water and sanitation to all for implementation and application of the solutions Implementation challenges •Lack of awareness in rural area about proper sanitation •The increasing demand for water by the rising population has placed a burden on the existing water resources •Socio-economic factors like poverty and caste discrimination among the poor and SCs/STs have led to lower reach of sanitation and clean drinking water among them •A substantial amount of water is wasted during transportation Mitigation factors •Funding from other sources or self funded • advertising / awareness campaign •Mentality of the peoples •Gender equilality •Low potential involvement Concept risks •Failure of a model •Failure of the proper implementation •Failure of execution
  11. 11. Appendix References •Towards a Healthy Society, National Knowledge Commission of India, 2008 •Report of special group of water and sanitation, Planning Commission India 2001 • Report water and sanitation development, UNESCO 2007 •Study analysis for Asia water and sanitation progress, UNO 2010 http://www.rainwaterharvesting.org/ http://labspace.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=453841&section=1.6 http://www.solarwaterenergy.net/advantages.html http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/human_right_to_water.shtml http://www.worldwatercouncil.org/library/archives/water-supply-sanitation/ http://www.urbanindia.nic.in/programme/uwss/slb/SeptageMgmtAdvMay20.pdf http://www.urbanindia.nic.in/publicinfo/o_m/chapter%205.pdf http://www.gatesfoundation.org/What-We-Do/Global-Development/Water-Sanitation-and-Hygiene http://www.urbanindia.nic.in/programme/uwss/slb/urban_sanitation.pdf http://www.harvestingrainwater.com/rainwater-harvesting-inforesources/water-harvesting-tax-credits/ http://www.waterawards.in/articles-news/india-cities-focus-on-rainwater-harvesting-to-provide-clean-drinking-water.php http://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/2011/12/14/india-crowd-funding-for-sanitation-and-water/