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02

  1. 1.  ANY SUGGESTION REGARDING OUR PRESENTATION ARE OPEN HEARTEDLY WELCOMED.YOU CAN MAIL ME ON pratyaksh1994@gmail.com THANKYOU PRATYAKSH AGARWAL
  2. 2. India operates the world's largest public food distribution system to prevent hunger, but billions of dollars of these subsidies never reach the poor. BUT WHY,HAVE YOU EVER GIVEN A THOUGHT TO THIS?...-
  3. 3. WHAT IS PDS?  PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM is a food system that distributes subsdized food (wheat ,rice,kerosene,sugar) to poor people through a network of ration shops,known as FAIR PRICE SHOPS.  Due to corruption in this system,we would rather say these shops have become FAKE PRICE SHOPS.
  4. 4.  Under PDS scheme, each family below the poverty line is eligible for 35 kg of rice or wheat every month, while a household above the poverty line is entitled to 15 kg of foodgrain on a monthly basis.  India has 478,000 ration shops constituting the largest distribution network in the world.
  5. 5. ANTYODAYA ANNA YOJANA (AAY)  AAY is a step in the direction of making PDS aim at reducing hunger among the poorest segments of the BPL population. launched in December, 2000 for one crore poorest of the poor families.  Providing 35kg food grains at a highly subsidized rate of Rs.2/- per kg. for wheat and Rs.3/ per kg. for rice
  6. 6.  The present Central issue Price (CIP) of food grains being supplied under TPDS is as :- ( Rs. per kg.) Commodity APL BPL AAY  Rice 8.30 5.65 3  Wheat 6.10 4.15 2
  7. 7. PLANNING COMMISION STUDIES  Studies by the Planning Commission show that around 58 percent of food does not reach the poor people, the intended beneficiaries," Narendra Saxena, a commissioner to the Supreme Court explains. "It is very bad in states like Bihar. There is a lot of corruption at the state level. 50 per cent of the ration cards have been given to the non poor.
  8. 8. LEAKS IN SYSYTEM  As we know ration is distributed in 2 categories-BELOW POVERTY LINE(BPL) and ABOVE POVERTY LINE.Now,Main leak is in identification of BPL families.No uniform system exists till today.Mainly with the assessments made by local officials on household incomes,self reporting or personal identification,BPL families are identified.Corruption is prevailing in system and anybody can get BPL ration cards just by influencing the officials.  According to the RTI,citizens have full access to use RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT for FAIR PRICE SHOPS,but all the BPL families are uneducated and unable to useTHIS act.Hence dealers use this occasion to increase black marketing of subsidised items.
  9. 9.  During festival seasons,government basically increases the quantity of ration goods(sugar,wheat,rice),unfortunately this incentive don’t reach to the families.  Delay in the distribution of ration goods in a commom practice.  Dealers open their shops for a very less amount of time and most of poor families remain deprived of goods.  Involvement of GRAM SABHAS in the running of FPS is a major drawback.  Getting a new RATION CARDS is the most hectic job in this world.Without bribing a official,it is almost
  10. 10.  an Impossible job.We know that this is a big accusation,but this is the harsh reality of our country.  There is no specified official or department where complains against FPS can be registered. Although,this job comes under GRAM PANCHAYATS, which is fully neglected by them. Moreover,people are not too aware of the exact official for registration of complaints.  Nevertheless,FAIR PRICE SHOP dealers use fake methods to give less quantity of rations.(using faulty measuring machine)
  11. 11.  Major fault lies on the part of customers.RATION items are sold in the market(black marketing).Customer who pays rs 2 per kg for wheat, sells the same at high price and makes it a money-minting bussiness.  Undoubtly,ration shop dealers get commission from government which is not adequate to fulfill their family essential needs.Hence,they are helpless and are left with no other option,other than black marketing the ration goods.  Use of FAKE RATION CARDS is probably the biggest issue.Deserved candidates who are indeed poor and are living below poverty line are denied and
  12. 12.  Due To corruption,undeserving people use this opportunity and gets BELOW POVERTY LINE ration cards.Thus,hitting the economy and POOR becoming MORE POOR.  Government does not have suitable number of godowns for storage of wheats,rice.Every year tonnes of wheat either go waste or decays,lying beneath the sky.  WHAT WILL WE DISTRIBUTE WHEN WE DON’T EVEN HAVE A GODOWN TO STORE THE GRAINS?
  13. 13.  Wheat handed over by so called,FAIR PRICE SHOPS is of inferior quality and many cases have been observed when it was not even fit for animal consumption.  Deceitful dealers replace good supplies received from the F.C.I(Food Corporation of India) with inferior stock and sell FCI stock in the black market.  Many BPL families are not able to acquire ration cards either because they are seasonal migrant workers or because they live in unauthorized colonies.
  14. 14. BITTER TRUTH (WATCH THIS LINK) HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=A THFSJAUJ34
  15. 15. RATION CARDS IN CIRCULATION STATE EST.NO. HOUSE 2001 NO.OF BPL HOUSE TOTAL CARDS ISSUED TOTAL APL CARDS ISSUED TOTAL BPL CARDS ISSUED EXCESS CARDS ISSUED ANDHRA PRADESH 168.50 28.29 167.57 53.97 113.60 _ UTTAR PRADESH 292.96 74.37 351.54 261.08 90.46 58.58 MADHYA PRADESH 99.03 28.73 130.83 82.27 48.56 31.80 GUJARAT 96.44 14.76 105.60 71.73 33.87 9.16
  16. 16. CASE STUDY  Family gets BPL ration card after death of malnourished child  IN KARNATKA, Four days after the death of a five-year old girl due to malnutrition, her family has finally been given an Antyodaya ration card, meant for Below Povert Line (BPL) families  Her anganwadi records show that the girl, Meghala, was severely malnourished for months
  17. 17.  Ironically, the family had been issued an above poverty line ration card, which meant that Meghala was not the recepient of many government schemes meant to combat hungeR.  It's only after the tragic death of Meghala that government health officials and anganwadi workers have started coming to ask about the family.  EVERY YEAR THOUSANDS OF CHILDREN DIE IN INDIA DUE TO MALNUTRITION AND THEIR DEATH REMAIN UNNOTICED.
  18. 18. AMENDMENTS  Commercial Shop owners who are buying the ration items should be prohibited.Today,there is No system exists which can ensure the security of ration items . Consequently, greedy shopkeepers make double money by buying in meager prices and selling in high amount.  FOOD DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM needs to be corruption free. Remember,cash can never replace the food rations for poor.
  19. 19.  A separate squad should be made whose duty is to ensure the proper functioning of PDS.Existing vigilance team works at district level,district level which is highly inefficient due to corruption.We propose that thiS vigilance team should immediately reach the destination.A toll free number will be provided to public.State government will not interfere in its working.  Margin of profits should be increased for ration shop dealers,thus prohibiting them from selling the grains in market.THIS ISSUE MUST BE UNDER THE CENTRAL GOVT…  It should be ensured that food items received from food corporartion of india should be of good quality.
  20. 20.  DATE and timing of opening of ration shops should be fixed and truly followed.Any information regarding change in schedule should be informed to all citizens well in advance.  Frequent checks and raids should be ensured by the vigilance team.People having BPL ration cards should be duly checked whether they really come under this scheme or not.Fake BPL ration cards should be immediately cancelled and concerned person should be punished.
  21. 21.  A LARGE SECTION OF BPL HOLDERS DO NOT LIFT THEIR PART OF RATION QUOTA DURING SOWING SEASON AS THEY DONOT GET ANY WAGES.GOVT.MUST TAKE CARE OF THESE WORKERS AND THEY SHOULD BE GIVEN RATION.SOME KIND OF LOAN GIVING FACILITY SHOULD BE PROVIDED.  FPS DEALERS TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THIS SITUATION AND SELL THIS LEFT RATION IN MARKETS.MOST OF FAMILIES ABOVE POVERTY LINE DO NOT TAKE THEIR RATION.GOVT.SHOULD IDENTIFY THESE FAMILIES AND WITH THEIR MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING THEIR PORTION OF RATION CAN BE REDUCED.
  22. 22.  COMPOSITION OF FOOD GRAINS DISTRIBUTED IN VARIOUS STATES SHOULD BE GIVEN LOCAL PREFERENCES.FOR EXAMPLE,IN SOUTH INDIA GOVT. CAN GIVE MORE RICE THAN WHEAT.THESE FACTORS AFFECT THEIR DECISION TO BUY FOOD GRAINS FROM PDS.  ALL THE INFORMATION REGARDING DELIVERY,PAYMENT,RECEIVAL OF RATION GOODS BY FPS(FAIR PRICE SHOPS)SHOULD BE COMPUTURISED.
  23. 23.  CASES WERE REPORTED REGARDING THE MISSING OF TRUCKS CARRYING RATION FOOD ITEMS.WE PROPOSE THAT GPS SHOULD BE INSTALLED IN THESE TRUCKS SO THAT THEIR MOVEMENT CAN BE CONTROLLED.MOREOVER,LOCAL POLICE SHOULD ENSURE ITS SAFETY AND THE PATH FOLLOWED BY VEHICLE TO REACH THE REQUIRED DESTINATION.
  24. 24. INNOVATION  THERE IS A NEED TO SET UP AN INDEPENDENT ORGANISATION MONITORING THE COMPLAINTS REGARDING PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM FROM CITIZENS.THIS ORGANISATION WILL NOT COME UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF STATE OR CENTRAL GOVERNMENT.IT WILL BE ENSURED THAT ALL THE COMPLAINTS ARE GOVERNED WITHIN TIME AND ALL THE DATA WILL BE MADE ONLINE.
  25. 25.  WHEAT FLOUR(ATTA) SHOULD BE MADE AVAILABLE ALONG WITH WHEAT AT FAIR PRICE SHOPS.ALL OF US KNOW THAT FOR A FAMILY BELOW POVERTY LINE EACH AND EVERY PENNY MATTERS.SO,IF GOVT.PROVIDES SUBSIDISED ATTA AT RATION SHOPS,IT WILL BE A GREAT HELP TO THESE PEOPLE.  IF A RATION SHOP IS FOUND TO BE INDULGED IN MALPRACTICE,ITS LICENSE SHOULD BE IMMEDIATELY CANCELLED.
  26. 26. ALL OF THESE SUGGESTIONS MIGHT RAISE THE DELIVERY COST FOR GOVERNMENT BUT SAVINGS DUE TO IDENTIFICATIONS OF HOLES IN SYSTEM WILL BE FAR MORE HIGHER.
  27. 27.  WHATEVER GOVERNMENT SAYS ABOUT PDS OR REPLACING PDS BY CASH,BITTER TRUTH IS THAT INDIA IS HOME TO THE LARGEST NUMBER OF HUNGER PEOPLE IN WORLD.  AS PER “THE STATE OF FOOD INSECURITY IN THE WORLD 2012” 217 MILLION PEOPLE IN INDIA(APPROX 17.5% OF ITS POPULATION) ARE UNDERNOURISHED.  AS PER GLOBAL SURVEY,EVERY SECOND WOMEN IN INDIA IS REPORTED TO BE ANAEMIC.  75% CHILDREN BELOW 5 YEARS,51% WOMEN OF 15-59 YEARS AND 87% PREGNANT WOMEN ARE ANAEMIC AFFECTED.  only about 42% of subsidised grains issued by the central pool reach the target group, according to a Planning Commission study released in March 2008.
  28. 28. THIS IS HIGH TIME TO FIX THESE LEAKS IN OUR PDS SYSTEM OR INTRODUCE A NEW EFFECTIVE SYSTEM OTHERWISE THAT DAY IS NOT FAR AWAY WHEN MORE THAN HALF OF INDIA’S POPULATION WILL SUFFER FRON MALNUTRITION,HUNGER.
  29. 29. REFERNCES  WIKIPEDIA  PDS PORTAL  DFPD.NIC.IN (DEPT. OF FOOD AND PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION)  REPORT OF PLANNING COMMISSION 2012  IBNLIVE.IN.COM  WADHWA COMMITTEE REPORT
  30. 30. THANKYOU!

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