DIABETIC COMA – EARLY
SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES
Diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops
producing insulin. The body uses blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy.
Without insulin, this will not be possible. Diabetic coma is a different
complication of diabetes that causes loss of consciousness. If you’re a
diabetic with dangerously high levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or
drastic low (hypoglycemia), then there is always a risk of getting into a
coma. If you fall into a coma, you’re alive but you cannot wake up or
respond to stimulation. The perspective of diabetic coma is frightening and
if left untreated can prove fatal, but fortunately, you can take steps to
prevent it. Usually, a diabetic patient suffer tow kind of coma i.e.
hyperglycemia coma or hypoglycemia coma. If the level of sugar in the blood
is too high (Hyperglycemia), you may feel:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• breath Shortness
• Vomiting and nausea
• Stomach ache
• Rapid heartbeat
• Fruity smell in the breath
Some people develop a condition known as hypoglycemia
unawareness and do not have the warning signs that indicate
a drop in blood sugar. If you experience symptoms of high blood
sugar or low blood glucose immediately run the test, and follow
the procedure recommended by the healthcare professional. If
you are a person with diabetes who is unconscious, call for
immediate help. The causes of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia
Diabetic ketoacidosis - If the muscle cells become starved for
energy, the body can respond by breaking down fat deposits.
This process produces toxic acids called ketones. Diabetic
ketoacidosis could result in diabetic coma, if left untreated. This
disorder is usually seen in people suffering from Type-1 diabetes, yet it can also influence people
suffering from gestational diabetes or Type-2 diabetes.
Hyperosmolar syndrome - If the sugar level in the blood rises to 600 mg/dl, or 33 millimoles/liter, the
condition is known as diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome. When your blood sugar gets so high, the blood
becomes thick and syrupy. The excess sugar passes from the blood into the urine, and triggers a filtering
process that draws tremendous amounts of fluid. If not properly diagnosed, diabetic hyperosmolar can
result in fatal dehydration and even coma.
Hypoglycemia - The brain wants glucose for fuctioning. Hypoglycemia can be caused by too much
insulin or too little food. The exercise too vigorously or drinking too much alcohol can have the same
Problems of administration of insulin - If you are on an insulin pump, you need to check your blood sugar
frequently. If you’ve type 1 diabetes, lack of insulin can quickly lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.
An illness, trauma or surgery - When you are sick or injured, the sugar levels in the blood tend to
increase, sometimes dramatically. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis in the presence of type 1
diabetes. Other health issues, like kidney disease or CHF (Congestive Heart Failure) can increase the
risk of hyperosmolar syndrome.
Badly controlled diabetes – Diabetes not properly controlled can leads to an increased risk of developing
long-term complications, but they also have a high risk of diabetic coma.
Redirected here : h ttp://www.th esym ptom sofdiabetes.org/diabetic-com a/
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